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1. Strengths of Borlaug’s Mexican
wheat program: Rust resistance
March 1-15, 1968
In 1946-47 and
1. Strengths of Borlaug’s Mexican wheat program: Rust
“the grain rust
and bad weather,
the 1954 harvest
has shrunk to an
36% below 1953
and 44% below
Time Sept 13, 1954
The dwarf wheat “Norin-10” developed by Gonjiro Inazuka in 1935, and
“Gaines” developed by Orville Vogel in 1953 provided the traits for high
yield response to fertilizers
2. Strengths of Borlaug’s Mexican wheat program: Dwarfing genes
2. Strengths of Borlaug’s Mexican wheat program:
Shuttle breeding in Mexico, two crops per year
Evaluation in Mexico and hot spot sites worldwide
3. Strengths of Borlaug’s Mexican wheat program: Shuttle
been looking for dwarf
wheat breeding lines in
early 1960s and received
lines from USDA.
He arranged for Borlaug
to visit in 1963.
Borlaug learned about
the concern of less straw
from dwarf wheats.
Borlaug said of Dr. Swaminathan: "The
green revolution has been a team effort and
much of the credit for its spectacular
development must go to Indian officials,
organizations, scientists and farmers.
However, to you, Dr. Swaminathan, a great
deal of the credit must go for first
recognizing the potential value of the
Mexican dwarfs. Had this not occurred, it is
quite possible that there would not have
been a green revolution in Asia".
My thoughts are with you and with everyone in CIMMYT
on the occasion of the Birth Centenary of Norman
Borlaug. The “we shall overcome spirit” of Borlaug will
guide us in ensuring that wheat production continues to
grow and that no child, woman or man goes to bed
hungry. I am glad that you are commemorating the birth
centenary in an appropriate manner. I am only sorry I am
not able to be there on this occasion when we are
celebrating the life and work of one of the greatest
humanbeings ever born on this Earth.
With warm personal regards,
Yours sincerely, M S Swaminathan
Borlaug set to work promoting the Mexican wheats and
agronomic practices, winning many to the cause.
Subramaniam, Min. of Ag., and
Narisiman, Sec. of Ag., made the bold
decision during time of famine in 1965
to import 300 tons of Mexican dwarf
wheat seed and in 1966, 18,000 tons.
Glenn Anderson, India Program Officer
and S.P. Kohli, All India Wheat Program
Coordinator in 1965 discovered and
corrected for poor germination rate.
Always wanting to go to the countryside and meet farmers
“If you can talk with crowds
and keep your virtue… (Kipling)
…Or walk with Kings—nor
lose the common touch”