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Research milestone on criteria & indicators toward permanent restoration of Indonesia's peatlands

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Presented by Haris Gunawan, Deputy for Research and Development, Peat Restoration Agency, Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG), at "Online Workshop Series:Exploring Criteria and Indicators for Tropical Peatland Restoration", on 2 Sep 2020.

The way forward for the tropical peatland restoration should consider criteria and indicators holistically based on the four main pillars i.e. biophysical aspects, social aspects, economic aspects, and governance aspects. The speaker highlighted important role various government. and non-government agencies play in achieving the goal of peatland restoration and called for continued partnership moving forward.

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Research milestone on criteria & indicators toward permanent restoration of Indonesia's peatlands

  1. 1. Research Milestone on Criteria & Indicators Toward Permanent Restoration of Indonesia's Peatlands Dr. Haris Gunawan Deputy of Research and Development Peatland Restoration Agency of The Republic of Indonesia
  2. 2. • Rewetting • Revegetation • Emission • Water level monitoring • Fire Danger Rating System • Peat Mapping • Desa Peduli Gambut • Cleric and Priest for Peat Restoration awareness • Participation Study • Paludiculture • Agroforestry • Kelulut Honey • Peat-Friendly Commodities and Payment for Ecosystem Services Multistakeholder Participation in Peatland Restoration effort Biophysics Economy Social Governance Creating Harmonic Living in Restored Peatland in Indonesia Research Aspect in Monitoring the success of Peatland Restoration BRG Transdisciplinary integrated Research
  3. 3. Water Balance Based Management of Peat Hydrological Unity Precise calculation of hydrological cycle component within Peat Hydrological Unity
  4. 4. PHU Pulau Tebing Tinggi à Landscape Based Research Data to support 3R’s and Beyond 3R’s in this PHU: • LIDAR data • Water Balance Analysis • Peat rewetting Infrastructure existence • Fire Danger Rating System • Socio-Economic data • Cultural value data • Biodiversity and High Conservation Value Area Tasik – Lake in Ombrogenous Peatland. Natural water storage in domed peatland. Kelulut Honey – Economic Revitalization effort for community's alternative livelihood and to prevent fire from land clearing
  5. 5. PHU Variabilities (106 PHUs) Example: • Papua • Comprehensive peat characteristic remain unknown • Mendahara – Batanghari • Establishment of Land Status is not followed by recovery rate (level of degradation) • Kubu Raya • Hydrophobicity in peatland characteristic • Batanghari – Air Hitam Laut • Variety in microtopography of peatland landscape Fire and land degradation in PHU Batanghari- Air Hitam Landuse varieties- PHU Batanghari-Air Hitam Laut Source: Dr. Asmadi PLG Year 2002 – Source: Prf. Azwar Maas Collapsed Dome
  6. 6. The Way Forward Conceptualization and design the frameworks for C & I based on the four pillars holistically (Biophysics, Social, Economic and Governance) Indonesia and International cooperation consist of (from all sector): Scientist, academia, practitioner, local communities, multilevel governance/ non-governance bodies, they must participate in refining and verifying the C & I of peatland restoration
  7. 7. Wrap Up • Prof. Maas è Peatland Restoration based on Water Balance; Peat must Wet! • Ir. Tampubolon è Paludiculture strongly supports recovery of degraded peatland ecosystem and increasing community livelihood • Dr. Budisusanti è Regulation on C&I still relies on Biophysical Aspects (we must do in-depth research to fill the gaps) • Dr. Lera Miles è Indicator is scientifically valid, based on available data, responsive to change in issue of interest, easily understandable, relevant, and IT IS USED • Dr. Mumbunan è Implementation of Economic Indicator through domestic mobilization of resources, Result Based Payment, Public-Private and blended finance • Dr. Wardhana èBRG activities insight toward C&I development, suitable and precise data must be used to established comprehensive C & I for peatland restoration • Maria Nuutinen, M.S è Robust C & I must support halting the degradation and raise awareness of the importance of successful ecosystem restoration
  8. 8. Key Issues to Support Criteria and Indicator in Peatland Restoration • 120 research projects of BRG has elicited that there are four essential pillars In C & I in peatland restoration i.e. Biophysics, Social, Economy and Governance which must be equally considered. • At present regulation regarding C & I to restore Peatland Landscape mostly focused in biophysical aspect. C & I for social-economic and governance must be established. • Gaps include: PHU variability, new economic paradigm, stakeholder participation and governance • Restoration measures differ between PHU’s. No silver bullet exist! But, C & I must Scientifically valid, Based on reliable data, Responsive to change in issue of interest, Easily understandable, Relevant to user needs and It is used! • We must use all available modalities, including all aspects data and activities available to reach our goal “Beyond Sustainable Tropical Peatland Landscape Management,” how we can generate positive impact for communities from our effort in restoring the tropical peatland landscape based on precise and suitable C and I for Indonesia’s Peatland. • Scientist, researcher, practitioner, local community, multilevel governance bodies must participate in refining and and verifying the C & I of peatland restoration
  9. 9. Thank You Sungai Baung, Seruyan, Kalteng