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Paludiculture to support peatland restoration in Indonesia

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Presented by Agustinus Tampubolon, Research Scientist, FOERDIA, at "Online Workshop Series:Exploring Criteria and Indicators for Tropical Peatland Restoration", on 2 Sep 2020.

This presentation emphasized on the potential of paludiculture as a means to improve degraded peatland ecosystem while simultaneously generating economic benefits to the local community.

Publicada em: Meio ambiente
  • Hello, Thank you for your wonderful presentation. If you can see this would you be able to link me to the papers mentioned on selecting trees for paludiculture (Wibisono and tamrin 2019 and Tata and Susianto 2019)? I havent been able to find them on google scholar or pubmed.
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Paludiculture to support peatland restoration in Indonesia

  1. 1. Paludiculture To Support Peatland Restoration in Indonesia (Session 2) Agustinus Tampubolon
  2. 2. Background Very Strong Sustainability In Tropical Peatland Management PEATLAND ECOSYSTEM INTEGRITY SOCIAL COHESION ECONOMIC BENEFITS
  4. 4. Best Practices of Paludiculture Sungai Tohor Village (sago); Menang Raya Village (purun); Berbak NP (PSF species); Bram Itam Sungai Village (jelutong); Muara Merang Village (several PSF species); Kedaton (several PSF species); Sebangau NP (12 local tree species); Jayapura Regency (sago) Link with home industry and can increase local people income Recommended Tree species for paludiculture and improving GWL (Wibisono and Tamrin 2019; Tata and Susmianto 2019)
  5. 5. The potential gaps of paludiculture Technology packages of paludiculture are still limited to respond the heterogeneity of peatland landscape. The availability of seed sources for restoring the peatland and limited knowledge about autecology of several tree species should be resolved. The huge areas of degraded peatland in Indonesia are leave abandoned and only several areas have already been restored. Promotion of restoration economy through paludiculture is still, limited.
  6. 6. BODY 0 5 10 15 20 0 20 40 60 SPECIES NUMBER OF SPECIES TblBL TblHS TpsBL TpsHS Vegetation and soil macrofauna at Tumbang Nusa, PHU Kahayan-Katingan § Abundance curve of PSF = normal logarithmic model § After fire = geometric model § Thick peat (4-8 m depth) has higher undergrowth cover (60-76%) compare to shallow peat (1-2 m depth) (47-55%) 16 months after fire § The population and number of species of soil macrofauna in thick peat are higher than that of shallow peat § The study also conducted in Sebangau NP with similar results § Planting trials at Tumbang Nusa showed that the performance of balangeran is the highest compared to jelutong, ramin and gemor
  7. 7. ØNatural regeneration, monoculture plantation, mixed species plantation, Agroforestry, Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR), FLR Nucleation ØImprove GWL/soil moisture ØQuality planting stocks, correct time of planting and tending (weed control) ØThe species selection based on social preference (market value) ØRestoration economy Applying Paludiculture for FLR
  8. 8. Principles, Criteria and Indicators of Peatland Restoration Criteria 2 : Increasing Biodiversity Indicators: The presence of soil macrofauna, new local plant species, no invasive species Criteria 3 : The capacity of forest to regenerate and develop Indicators: Increasing species diversity, increasing ingrowth, good survival and growth Principle : Sustainable multiple use peatland forest increase Criteria : Management objectives clearly described Indicators: Paludiculture techniques prescribed; harvesting system prescribed; monitoring and control’s conformity with planning Principle : Improvement of ecosystem integrity Criteria 1 : Ecosystem function is improved Indicators: No forest fire; reduce subsidence; increase GWL; increase vegetation
  9. 9. Conclusions and Recommendations Paludiculture strongly supports recovery of degraded peatland ecosystem and increasing community livelihood. The choices of paludiculture techniques and the plant species are highly dependent on the degree of PSF degradation, biophysical properties of peatland and social preference. Ecosystem integrity of peatland restoration can be realised through ecological health and functions, increasing biodiversity and vegetation development. Key success indicators of the restoration activities should be set up clearly and monitored regularly to verify, namely the improvement of land and wildlife. Multiple use peat swamp forests can be promoted in order to achieve sustainable tropical peatland management. Peatland restoration demoplots, vegetation and biodiversity mionitoring should be conducted in relation to peatland restoration.
  10. 10. THANK YOU