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Presented by Sonny Mumbunan, Scientist, Research Center for Climate Change, University of Indonesia, at "Online Workshop Series:Exploring Criteria and Indicators for Tropical Peatland Restoration", on 2 Sep 2020.
This presentation offered key insights into the financial aspects of peatland restoration efforts. Some important questions include – how to generate the funds needed for carrying out restoration? How to devise a plan such that the benefits of restoration are distributed equitably.
Economic Indicators for Peatland Restoration
Research Center for Climate Change, University of Indonesia; World
Resources Institute (WRI) Indonesia
Criteria considerations for economic indicators
Policy relevance. Addressing key peat restoration issues
encountered by national and sub-national governments,
Integration. Facilitating different elements to be
integrated (such as among expected economic outcomes,
means of implementation like financing, and peat policy
Analytical soundness. Being informed by latest science.
Measurability. Data for indicators is available, cost-
effective, and with integrity.
Outcome indicators in peat provinces
Riau Province South Sumatra Province
Provincial Mid-term Development Planning (RPJMD),
Economic growth (aggregate and sectoral), capital formation,
employment, inflation, poverty, per capita expenditure,
investment, balance of payment, farmer’s terms of trade,
… alongside human development, life expectancy,
… environmental quality, land cover, …
Reflections on outcome indicators
§ How and to what extent peat restoration (as policy
intervention) contribute to achieving the targets in these
§ Do information in the indicators capture and reflect
both synergies and trade-offs in the presence of policy
intervention(s) for peatland restoration?
§ Viewed altogether, are e.g. paludiculture commodities
more competitive than those of timber and/or palm oil in
terms of “peat restoring’’ AND “welfare enhancing’’? Can
these relations be traced in information within the
Means of implementation: financing
The indicators capture and reflect information (hopefully
measurable) in terms of …
§ Domestic mobilization of resources (e.g. fiscal
transfers, non-state expenditures)
§ Result Based Payments associated with peatland
restoration including non-carbon benefits from e.g.
bilateral partnerships, UNFCCC-Green Climate Fund
§ Public, private and blended finance in polycentric
governance setting (cross-scale: international,
national, sub-national; cross-actors: different
stakeholders with varying preferences, priorities)
Bringing them together
interventions for peatland
indicators, means of
(financing) in one breath
agriculture land, palm
oil and timber
(mineral and peat)
(palm oil and timber)
§ Economic indicators for tropical peatland restoration
should be crafted as integrated notably in the
information they convey.
§ The information in the outcome indicators
associated with peatland restoration should reflect the
effects of proposed and implemented policy
interventions, means of implementation, and their