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Mobile operating system (OS) has been around for quite some time now. But OS were not the same, OS have evolved a lot with the passage of time. This slide share prepared by Cygnis Media describes the historical development of world’s two leading operating system for mobile devices. Google’s Android and Apple’s iOS.
History: Android & iOS
Historical development of world’s two most famous
operating systems for mobile devices
Software helping users to interact with the device
Few examples of Operating System (OS) for handheld
World’s leading operating system for mobile devices by Market
Samsung (Android based) sold 71,381 units (Thousands of Units) in
the second quarter of 2013.
Apple (iOS) sold 31,899 units (Thousands of Units) in the second
quarter of 2013.
Worldwide Smartphone Sales to End Users by Operating
System in 2Q13 (Thousands of Units)
(79% market share)
(14.2% market share)
(3.3% market share)
(2.7% market share)
Company was founded in the year 2003 by Andy Rubin.
In 2007 Open Hand Alliance (OHA) was formed by Google,
HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola, Samsung, LG.
In 2008 OHA released Android 1.0
Android was specially created for touch-screen mobile
Integration with Google Services as: Google Contacts,
Calendar, Maps, Search etc.
Web browsers were capable of showing, zooming and panning
GPS and Bluetooth were services integrated in the phone.
The Android Market was at its beginning and there were 35
No paid apps.
Cupcake (Android 1.5)
Direct uploads on YouTube or Picasa
The new clipboard improvements allowed to copy and paste
texts from browser.
Android 1.5 allows auto-rotation option and animated screen
Donut (Android 1.6)
Able to run on a multitude of screen resolutions.
Battery usage indicator
Fast access to the gallery and camera.
Android Market started, the Donut allowed the user to see
screenshots while the user was visiting the Android market.
Éclair (Android 2.0)
Support for HTML5 and double tap zoom.
Improvements in Google maps application.
Multiple options (Call, Email, SMS) in contacts with a single tap
Animated home screen background images and live wallpapers.
Multiple Google accounts with an improved calendar.
Froyo (Android 2.2)
Speed and performance enhancement .
Support for Adobe Flash.
Improvements in the Application manager and camera
The “Update all” button was added.
Gingerbread (Android 2.3)
Improved clipboard experience.
Improvements in keyboard functions and accuracy.
Improvements for game developers.
Multiple cameras support on the device.
Improved user interface.
Honeycomb (Android 3.0)
The widgets were redesigned and adapted for large screensizes.
Once again, the keyboard, the clipboard capabilities, and the
browser were enhanced.
Possibility of video chat via Google Talk.
Support for multi core processors.
This version was widely accepted as a tablet version
Ice Cream Sandwich (Android 4.0)
Roboto (new font) replaced Droid.
Android Beam which is a near field communication (NFC) form
Improved camera, the shutter lag is almost zero.
Improved keyboard, Google Chrome navigation and copy &
Face Unlock: The user may unlock the phone with the help of
KitKat (Android 4.4)
Restyled status and navigation bars, color emoji support, improved
closed captioning support, stronger security, and smarter power
Improved the phone app with the ability to look up contacts directly
from the dial pad, see and tap frequent contacts, and search your
corporate directory easily.
Hangouts - SMS/MMS support: Incorporated a new version of Google
Hangouts that supports integrated SMS/MMS messaging.
Added support for printing photos, Google Docs, Gmail messages, and
other content via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and hosted services like Google
Cloud Print and HP ePrinters.
Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Stephen Wozniak, Ronald
Wayne in 1976.
Apple’s iOS Operating system for Apple’s mobile devices.
Initially launched with the first iPhone in 2007, but also used
for iPod Touch (2007), iPad (2010), and iPad Mini (2012).
Unlike Microsoft’s Windows and Google’s Android, iOS is not
available for Non-Apple hardware.
iOS 1 was released in June 29, 2007.
Pre-installed Apps: Mail, Safari, Calendar, Photos, Notes, etc.
First ever touch screen mobile phone operating system
First ever on screen keyboard
Custom shortcut by double clicking the Home button (in
Improved language support.
Characters of password are momentarily visible when typing.
Calculator was once again updated.
Possibility of contact searching.
Ability of importing contacts.
Ability to move and delete multiple emails.
Improvements in cut, copy and paste options.
Landscape keyboard functionality is added.
Improved battery usage.
Video recording with the camera app.
Manor enhancements in SMS application which is renamed to Messages.
Safari passed with 97/100 points the Acid Test and with this release support
Support for retina display.
FaceTime video call.
Ability to add the apps into folders.
Possibility to organize by thread in Mail.
Improvements in Bluetooth and animations
Introduction of Newsstand- It is designated to display the papers and
magazines downloaded from App Store.
Siri integration: A voice enabled intelligent personal assistant and knowledge
iMessage. The users of Apple devices may send through Wi-Fi and 3G texts,
photos, videos, locations and contacts to other similar devices.
Mail improvements – Users may flag some emails, the texts may be bolded,
italicized and underlined and new email folders may be added.
iCloud- a new cloud service from Apple allowing to back up Apple devices.
Improvement in Siri
Improved Email and Settings
Integrated YouTube app was removed
Maps was powered by Apple’s team rather than by Google.
Integration of Passbook to make purchases in iTunes.
Skeuomorphism is replaced with the flat design and simplistic
approach for a digitally authentic interface.
Control Center replacing Settings.
The system font has changed to Helvetica Neue Regular.
Full Screen apps that make use of the system status bar and
Improved features in pre-installed Apps.
Egham, (August 14, 2013). “Gartner Says Smartphone Sales
Grew 46.5 Percent in Second Quarter of 2013 and Exceeded
Feature Phone Sales for First Time.” Retrieved from
http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2573415 on January 01,
IDC. (February 2013). “Android and iOS Combine for 91.1%
of the Worldwide Smartphone OS Market in 4Q12 and 87.6%
for the Year, According to IDC.” Retrieved from
on January 01, 2013.