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Imam,1996aImam,1996a
IMAM M.M. (1996a).- Coralline red algae from the Middle Miocene deposits of Gebel
Gushia west-central...
Imam,1996aImam,1996a AGUIRRE (2004) demonstrated that
photomicrograph 3.1 labelled
“Archaeolithothamnium saipanense” was r...
Imam,1996aImam,1996a In addition, we found that
1) photomicrograph 3.7 labelled “Lithophyllum
prelichenoides” was copied, ...
Imam,1996aImam,1996a In addition, we found that
2) photomicrograph 3.8 labelled “Jania guamensis”
was re-used from YOUSSEF...
Imam,1996aImam,1996a
IMAM M.M. (1996a).- Coralline red algae from the Middle Miocene deposits of Gebel
Gushia west-central...
Imam,1996aImam,1996a In addition, we found that
3) photomicrograph 4.8 labelled “Lithophyllum
kladosum” was taken from Joh...
Imam,1996bImam,1996b
Imam M.M. (1996b).- Dasycladacean algae from the Turonian Wata Formation, Gebel
Um Heriba, West-Centr...
OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from
central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiolo...
OKLA S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central
Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37 (2...
OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from
central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiolo...
OKLA S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central
Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37 (2...
OKLA S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central
Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37 (2...
FLÜGEL E. (1979).- Paleoecology and microfacies of
Permian, Triassic and Jurassic algal communities of
platform and reef c...
OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from
central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiolo...
OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from
central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiolo...
FLÜGEL E. (1979).- Paleoecology and microfacies of Permian, Triassic and Jurassic
algal communities of platform and reef c...
Imam M.M. (1996b).- Dasycladacean algae from the Turonian Wata Formation, Gebel
Um Heriba, West-Central Sinai, Egyp.- Neue...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
REFAAT A.A. & IMAM M.M. (1999).- The Tayiba Red Beds: transitional marine-
continental de...
GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les
Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).-
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30:
67...
GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les
Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).-
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30:
67...
GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les
Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).-
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30:
67...
GRAMBAST L & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1981).-
Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe
Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogo...
GRAMBAST L & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1981).-
Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe
Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogo...
FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude
biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes)
des formations continentales d’Aq...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. XIII, fig. 7 Sphaerochara aff. davidi
Pl. XIII, fig. 2 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
REFAAT A.A. & IMAM M.M. (1999).- The Tayiba Red Beds: transitional marine-
continental de...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. I, fig. 3 Nitellopsis (Microstomella)
aptensis n.sp. (Holotype)
FEIST-CASTEL M. (1977...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. IV, fig. 1 Sphaerochara davidi n.sp. (Holotype)
Pl. IV, fig. 4 Sphaerochara davidi n....
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. XIII, fig. 9 Rhabdochara langeri
FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude
biostratigraph...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. XII, fig. 7 Chara notataFEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude
biostratigraphique et p...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. XI, fig. 3 Sphaerochara labellala n.sp.
Pl. XI, fig. 2 Sphaerochara labellala n.sp.FE...
Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999
Pl. X, fig. 10 Harrisichara subteres n.sp.
Pl. X, fig. 12 Harrisichara subteres n.sp.FEIS...
GRAMBAST L & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1981).-
Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe
Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogo...
GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les
Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).-
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30:
67...
Imam&reefat,2000Imam&reefat,2000
IMAM M.M. & REFAAT A.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and facies analysis of the Miocene
sequence...
Imam&reefat,2000Imam&reefat,2000
IMAM M.M. & REFAAT A.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and facies analysis of the Miocene
sequence...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Imam M.M. (2000).- On the occurence and significance of Charophyte from Ar Rajban
Member, Kiklah Format...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Fig. 5.6 Atopochara trivolvis trivolvis
Fig. 5.5 Atopochara trivolvis trivolvis
Fig. 5.3 Atopochara tri...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Pl. X, fig. 11 Rantzieniella nitida
FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude
biostratigraphique et paléobo...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Fig. 8.3 Lamphrothamnium cylindricum
Fig. 8.9 Lamphrothamnium cylindricum
Fig. 8.11 Lamphrothamnium cyl...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Pl. XIII, fig. 1 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp.
(Holotype)
Pl. XIII, fig. 10 Rantzieniella nitida
Pl. ...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Pl. II, fig. 1 Musacchiella maestratica
n.sp. (Holotype)
Pl. II, fig. 4 Musacchiella maestratica
n.sp.
...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Pl. I, fig. 8 Musacchiella sp.MARTIN-CLOSAS C. & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N.
(1986).- Les Charophytes du Crétac...
Imam,2000Imam,2000
Fig. 4C Musachiella douzensis n.sp.
Fig. 4B Musachiella douzensis n.sp.
FEIST M. & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. ...
Imam,2003Imam,2003
IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the
Miocene sequence at Al Khum...
Imam,2003Imam,2003
IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the
Miocene sequence at Al Khum...
Imam,2003Imam,2003
IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the
Miocene sequence at Al Khum...
References:
Aguirre J. (2004).- Plagiarism in palaeontology. A new threat within the scientific community.- Revista Españo...
Imam M.M. & Galmed M.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and microfacies of the Oligocene sequence at Gabal Bu
Husah, Marada Oasis, s...
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Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 1 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 2 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 3 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 4 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 5 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 6 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 7 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 8 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 9 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 10 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 11 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 12 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 13 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 14 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 15 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 16 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 17 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 18 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 19 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 20 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 21 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 22 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 23 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 24 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 25 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 26 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 27 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 28 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 29 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 30 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 31 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 32 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 33 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 34 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 35 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 36 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 37 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 38 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 39 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 40 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 41 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 42 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 43 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 44 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 45 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 46 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 47 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 48 Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae Slide 49
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Granier B., Feist M., Bucur I.I. & Senowbari-Daryan B. (2007).- Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae. In: Grgasović T. & Vlahović I. (eds), Field Trip Guidebook and Abstracts.- 9th International Symposium on Fossil Algae - Croatia 2007, Zagreb (September 19th-20th), Hrvatski geološki institut - Croatian Geological Survey, p. 223-224.

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Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae

  1. 1. Imam,1996aImam,1996a IMAM M.M. (1996a).- Coralline red algae from the Middle Miocene deposits of Gebel Gushia west-central Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 199: 1-15. Fig. 3
  2. 2. Imam,1996aImam,1996a AGUIRRE (2004) demonstrated that photomicrograph 3.1 labelled “Archaeolithothamnium saipanense” was reproduced either from JOHNSON (1957*: Pl. 37, fig. 10, where it was called “Lithothamnium sp.”; or from his 1961: Pl. 2, fig. 1, “Archaeolithothamnium”. We found that JOHNSON himself re-used this photo in 1963: Pl. 25, fig. 3, again titled “Archaeolithothamnium”) and that it was pirated twice more in IMAM & REFAAT (2000: Fig. 7.5) and in IMAM (2003: Pl. 3, fig. 1).
  3. 3. Imam,1996aImam,1996a In addition, we found that 1) photomicrograph 3.7 labelled “Lithophyllum prelichenoides” was copied, but rotated 180°, from JOHNSON & FERRIS (1949: Pl. 38, fig. 4, “Lithophyllum aff. prelichenoides”), or from JOHNSON (1961: Pl. 10, fig. 3, “Lithophyllum”, or 1971: Plate 92, fig. 3, “Lithophyllum”) JOHNSON J.H. & FERRIS B.J. (1949).- Tertiary coralline algae from the Dutch East Indies.- J. Pal., 23 (2): 193-198.
  4. 4. Imam,1996aImam,1996a In addition, we found that 2) photomicrograph 3.8 labelled “Jania guamensis” was re-used from YOUSSEF et alii (1988: Fig. 14B, “Lithophyllum sp.”) and rotated 90° clockwise when published; YOUSSEF E.A.A., FAHMY S.E. & IMAM M. (1988).- Stratigraphy and microfacies of the Miocene sequence at Gebel Sarbut El Gamal, west- central Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 177: 225-242.
  5. 5. Imam,1996aImam,1996a IMAM M.M. (1996a).- Coralline red algae from the Middle Miocene deposits of Gebel Gushia west-central Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 199: 1-15. Fig. 4
  6. 6. Imam,1996aImam,1996a In addition, we found that 3) photomicrograph 4.8 labelled “Lithophyllum kladosum” was taken from Johnson (1954*: Pl. 192, fig. 1, “Lithothamnium kladosum n. sp.”).
  7. 7. Imam,1996bImam,1996b Imam M.M. (1996b).- Dasycladacean algae from the Turonian Wata Formation, Gebel Um Heriba, West-Central Sinai, Egyp.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 9: 527-538. Fig. 3
  8. 8. OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiologie, 11 (2): 373-383. Cylindroporella parva Pl. III, fig. 2: Salpingoporella ubaiydhi Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  9. 9. OKLA S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37 (2): 183-190. Cylindroporella parva Pl. 1, fig. 7: Heteroporella jaffrezoi Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  10. 10. OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiologie, 11 (2): 373-383. Heteroporella lemmensis Pl. II, fig. 8: Dissocladella sp. (It is more probably Cymopolia sp.) Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  11. 11. OKLA S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37 (2): 183-190. Heteroporella lemmensis Pl. 2, fig. 6: Salpingoporella annulata Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  12. 12. OKLA S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37 (2): 183-190. Salpingoporella annulata Pl. 2, fig. 7: Salpingoporella annulata Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  13. 13. FLÜGEL E. (1979).- Paleoecology and microfacies of Permian, Triassic and Jurassic algal communities of platform and reef carbonates from the Alps.- Bull. Centres Rech. Expl.-Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 3 (2): 529- 587. Salpingoporella milanovici Pl. 3, fig. 4: Salpingoporella annulata (it was re-used in STEIGER & WURM, 1980, pl. 26, fig. 2, and E. FLÜGEL, 1982, pl. 30, fig. 2) Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  14. 14. OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiologie, 11 (2): 373-383. Salpingoporella ubaiydhi Pl. III, fig. 4: Salpingoporella ubaiydhi Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  15. 15. OKLA S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from central Saudi Arabia.- Revue de Paléobiologie, 11 (2): 373-383. Trinocladus tripolitanus Pl. III, fig. 3: Salpingoporella ubaiydhi Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  16. 16. FLÜGEL E. (1979).- Paleoecology and microfacies of Permian, Triassic and Jurassic algal communities of platform and reef carbonates from the Alps.- Bull. Centres Rech. Expl.-Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 3 (2): 529-587. Cymopolia cf. tibetica Pl. 3, fig. 5: Salpingoporella cf. pygmaea Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  17. 17. Imam M.M. (1996b).- Dasycladacean algae from the Turonian Wata Formation, Gebel Um Heriba, West-Central Sinai, Egyp.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 9: 527-538. Fig. 3 Okla, 1991 Okla, 1992 Flügel, 1979 Imam,1996bImam,1996b
  18. 18. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 REFAAT A.A. & IMAM M.M. (1999).- The Tayiba Red Beds: transitional marine- continental deposits in the precursor Suez Rift, Sinai, Egypt.- Journal of African Earth Sciences, 28 (3): 487-506. Fig. 9
  19. 19. GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).- Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30: 67-88. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. IV, fig. 7 Harrisichara heteromorpha n.sp. Pl. IV, fig. 9 Harrisichara heteromorpha n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. IV, fig. 8 Harrisichara heteromorpha n.sp. Pl. IV, fig. 2 Harrisichara muricata n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. IV, fig. 1 Harrisichara muricata n.sp. Pl. IV, fig. 3 Harrisichara muricata n.sp. Pl. IV, fig. 6 Harrisichara muricata n.sp. (Holotype)
  20. 20. GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).- Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30: 67-88. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. III, fig. 2 Harrisichara regularis n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. III, fig. 3 Harrisichara regularis n.sp. Pl. III, fig. 1 Harrisichara regularis n.sp.
  21. 21. GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).- Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30: 67-88. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. II, fig. 1 Nitellopsis helicteres minor n.ssp. (Holotype) Pl. II, fig. 4 Nitellopsis helicteres minor n.ssp. (Holotype) Pl. II, fig. 2 Nitellopsis helicteres minor n.ssp. Pl. II, fig. 3 Nitellopsis helicteres minor n.ssp. (Holotype)
  22. 22. GRAMBAST L & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1981).- Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogona.- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XII ( 2), 35 p. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. III, fig. 1 Gyrogona morelleti n.sp. (Holotype)
  23. 23. GRAMBAST L & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1981).- Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogona.- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XII ( 2), 35 p. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. I, fig. 3 Gyrogona lamarcki n.sp. Pl. I, fig. 13 Gyrogona lemani capitata n.ssp. (Holotype)
  24. 24. FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. XII, fig. 9 Sphaerochara aff. davidi
  25. 25. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. XIII, fig. 7 Sphaerochara aff. davidi Pl. XIII, fig. 2 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp. Pl. XIII, fig. 3 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp. Pl. XIII, fig. 6 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp. FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  26. 26. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 REFAAT A.A. & IMAM M.M. (1999).- The Tayiba Red Beds: transitional marine- continental deposits in the precursor Suez Rift, Sinai, Egypt.- Journal of African Earth Sciences, 28 (3): 487-506. Fig. 10
  27. 27. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. I, fig. 3 Nitellopsis (Microstomella) aptensis n.sp. (Holotype) FEIST-CASTEL M. (1977).- Étude floristique et biostratigraphique des Charophytes dans les séries du Paléogène de Provence.- Géologie méditerranéenne, Marseille, IV(2): 109-138.
  28. 28. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. IV, fig. 1 Sphaerochara davidi n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. IV, fig. 4 Sphaerochara davidi n.sp. Pl. IV, fig. 7 Stephanochara oodea n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. IV, fig. 10 Stephanochara oodea n.sp. Pl. IV, fig. 9 Stephanochara oodea n.sp. FEIST-CASTEL M. (1977).- Étude floristique et biostratigraphique des Charophytes dans les séries du Paléogène de Provence.- Géologie méditerranéenne, Marseille, IV(2): 109-138.
  29. 29. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. XIII, fig. 9 Rhabdochara langeri FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  30. 30. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. XII, fig. 7 Chara notataFEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  31. 31. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. XI, fig. 3 Sphaerochara labellala n.sp. Pl. XI, fig. 2 Sphaerochara labellala n.sp.FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  32. 32. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. X, fig. 10 Harrisichara subteres n.sp. Pl. X, fig. 12 Harrisichara subteres n.sp.FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  33. 33. GRAMBAST L & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1981).- Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogona.- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XII ( 2), 35 p. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. I, fig. 2 Gyrogona lamarcki n.sp. (Paratype) Pl. I, fig. 1 Gyrogona lamarcki n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. I, fig. 7 Gyrogona lamarcki n.sp.
  34. 34. GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1980).- Les Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).- Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30: 67-88. Reefat&Imam,1999Reefat&Imam,1999 Pl. I, fig. 6 Dughiella ovoidea
  35. 35. Imam&reefat,2000Imam&reefat,2000 IMAM M.M. & REFAAT A.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and facies analysis of the Miocene sequence at Gabal Hammam Sayidna Musa and Wadi Abura, southern Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 7: 385-408. Fig. 7 As AGUIRRE (2004) reported, in the paper of IMAM & REFAAT (2000) dealing with Egyptian Miocene series, “only” 2 photomicrographs (op. cit.: Fig. 7.5 and 7.6) were pirated from JOHNSON (1961: Pl. 2, fig. 1 & Pl. 10, fig. 2) but these 2 photomicrographs and 3 others were re-used in Imam‘s Libyan Miocene paper (2003). As AGUIRRE (2004) reported, IMAM’s Pl. 2, fig. 6 is Pl. 10, figs. 1 and 2 of JOHNSON (1961). He did not mention that it had been first published as Pl. 7, fig. D of JOHNSON & FERRIS (1950), also re-used one more time by JOHNSON himself (1971: Plate 92, fig. 2)
  36. 36. Imam&reefat,2000Imam&reefat,2000 IMAM M.M. & REFAAT A.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and facies analysis of the Miocene sequence at Gabal Hammam Sayidna Musa and Wadi Abura, southern Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 7: 385-408. Fig. 6 As Aguirre (2004) reported, in the paper of Imam & Refaat (2000) dealing with Egyptian Miocene series, “only” 2 photomicrographs (op. cit.: Fig. 7.5 and 7.6) were pirated from Johnson (1961: Pl. 2, fig. 1 & Pl. 10, fig. 2) but these 2 photomicrographs and 3 others were re-used in Imam‘s Libyan Miocene paper (2003). IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the Miocene sequence at Al Khums area, Sirte basin, NW Libya.- Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 35 (2) : 195-228.
  37. 37. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Imam M.M. (2000).- On the occurence and significance of Charophyte from Ar Rajban Member, Kiklah Formation, Wadi Ar Rajban, Mizdah Area, Northwest of Libya.- Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, Manama, vol. 18, n° 3, p. 173-183. Plate 1
  38. 38. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Fig. 5.6 Atopochara trivolvis trivolvis Fig. 5.5 Atopochara trivolvis trivolvis Fig. 5.3 Atopochara trivolvis trivolvis SOULIÉ-MÄRSCHE I. (1994).- The paleoecological implications of the charophyte flora of the Trinity Division, Junction, Texas.- J. Paleont., 68 (5): 1145- 1157.
  39. 39. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Pl. X, fig. 11 Rantzieniella nitida FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  40. 40. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Fig. 8.3 Lamphrothamnium cylindricum Fig. 8.9 Lamphrothamnium cylindricum Fig. 8.11 Lamphrothamnium cylindricum Fig. 8.1 Lamphrothamnium cylindricum SOULIÉ-MÄRSCHE I. (1994).- The paleoecological implications of the charophyte flora of the Trinity Division, Junction, Texas.- J. Paleont., 68 (5): 1145- 1157.
  41. 41. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Pl. XIII, fig. 1 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. XIII, fig. 10 Rantzieniella nitida Pl. XIII, fig. 11 Rantzieniella nitida Pl. XIII, fig. 5 Stephanochara berdotensis n.sp. FEIST M. & RINGEADE M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354.
  42. 42. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Pl. II, fig. 1 Musacchiella maestratica n.sp. (Holotype) Pl. II, fig. 4 Musacchiella maestratica n.sp. MARTIN-CLOSAS C. & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1986).- Les Charophytes du Crétacé inférieur de la région du Maestrat (Chaîne Ibérique - Catalanides, Espagne).- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XV,:66 p..
  43. 43. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Pl. I, fig. 8 Musacchiella sp.MARTIN-CLOSAS C. & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1986).- Les Charophytes du Crétacé inférieur de la région du Maestrat (Chaîne Ibérique - Catalanides, Espagne).- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XV,:66 p..
  44. 44. Imam,2000Imam,2000 Fig. 4C Musachiella douzensis n.sp. Fig. 4B Musachiella douzensis n.sp. FEIST M. & GRAMBAST-FESSARD N. (1984).- New Porocharaceae from the Bathonian of Europe: phylogeny and palaeoecology.- Palaeontology, London, vol. 27, part 2, p. 295-305..
  45. 45. Imam,2003Imam,2003 IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the Miocene sequence at Al Khums area, Sirte basin, NW Libya.- Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 35 (2) : 195-228. Plate 5 Aguirre (2004) made an excellent re-evaluation of the most recent Imam publication (2003). He found that: 1) the photomicrographs of red algae in Imam‘s Pl. 5, figs. 2 and 4 are respectively those of Pl. 10, figs. 1 and 2 of Johnson (1961). He did not mention that both of these illustrations had been first published, respectively as Pl. 6, fig. D and Pl. 7, fig. D of Johnson & Ferris (1950), also re-used one more time by Johnson himself (1971: Plate 92, figs. 1 and 2). 2) Imam‘s Pl. 5, fig. 9 corresponds to Pl. 26, fig. 3 of Johnson (1963). He did not mention that Johnson (1961) had reproduced it from Pl. IX, fig. 2 of Pfender (1926). Johnson & Ferris, 1950 Pfender, 1926 Piller & Rasser, 1997 Aguirre et alii, 1993 Martin et alii, 1997 Martin et alii, 1993
  46. 46. Imam,2003Imam,2003 IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the Miocene sequence at Al Khums area, Sirte basin, NW Libya.- Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 35 (2) : 195-228. Plate 3 johnson, 1957 Imam & Refaat, 2000 Aguirre et alii, 1993 johnson, 1964
  47. 47. Imam,2003Imam,2003 IMAM M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the Miocene sequence at Al Khums area, Sirte basin, NW Libya.- Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 35 (2) : 195-228. Plate 4 Martin et alii, 1997 Imam & Refaat, 2000 johnson & Steward, 1953 Martin & Braga, 1993
  48. 48. References: Aguirre J. (2004).- Plagiarism in palaeontology. A new threat within the scientific community.- Revista Española de Micropaleontología, Madrid, 36(2) : 349-352. Bosch X. (2004a).- Fallout from fraud.- The Scientist, Philadelphia, vol. 5, N° 1, 20040922-02 http://www.the- scientist.com/news/20040922/02/ Bosch X. (2004b).- Plagiarism in paleontology.- The Scientist, Philadelphia, vol. 5, N° 1, 20041008-03 http://www.the-scientist.com/news/20041008/03/ Feist M. & Ringeade M. (1977).- Étude biostratigraphique et paléobotanique (Charophytes) des formations continentales d’Aquitaine, de l’Éocène supérieur au Miocène inférieur.- Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, Paris, 7e série, XIX(2): 341-354. Feist M. & Grambast-Fessard N. (1984).- New Porocharaceae from the Bathonian of Europe: phylogeny and palaeoecology.- Palaeontology, London, 27(2): 295-305. Feist-Castel M. (1977).- Étude floristique et biostratigraphique des Charophytes dans les séries du Paléogène de Provence.- Géologie méditerranéenne, Marseille, IV(2): 109-138. Flügel E. (1979).- Paleoecology and microfacies of Permian, Triassic and Jurassic algal communities of platform and reef carbonates from the Alps.- Bull. Centres Rech. Expl.-Prod. elf aquitaine, Pau, 3 (2): 529-587. Grambast-Fessard N. (1980).- Les Charophytes du Montien de Mons (Belgique).- Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 30: 67-88. Grambast L & Grambast-Fessard N. (1981).- Étude sur les Charophytes tertiaires d'Europe Occidentale. III - Le genre Gyrogona.- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XII(2): 35 p. Imam M.M. (1996a).- Coralline red algae from the Middle Miocene deposits of Gebel Gushia west-central Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 199: 1-15. Imam M.M. (1996b).- Dasycladacean algae from the Turonian Wata Formation, Gebel Um Heriba, West-Central Sinai, Egyp.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 9: 527-538. Imam M.M. (2000).- On the occurence and significance of Charophyte from Ar Rajban Member, Kiklah Formation, Wadi Ar Rajban, Mizdah Area, Northwest of Libya.- Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research., Manama, 18(3): 173-183. Imam M.M. (2003).- Contribution to the stratigraphy and paleontology of the Miocene sequence at Al Khums area, Sirte basin, NW Libya.- Rev. Españ. Micropal., 35 (2) : 195-228.
  49. 49. Imam M.M. & Galmed M.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and microfacies of the Oligocene sequence at Gabal Bu Husah, Marada Oasis, south Sirte Basin, Libya.- Facies, 42: 93-106. Imam M.M. & Refaat A.A. (2000).- Stratigraphy and facies analysis of the Miocene sequence at Gabal Hammam Sayidna Musa and Wadi Abura, southern Sinai, Egypt.- Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 7: 385-408. Johnson J.H. (1954).- Fossil calcareous algae from Bikini atoll.- Geol. Surv. Prof. Papers, 260M: 537-545. Johnson J.H. (1957).- Geology of Saipan, Mariana Islands. Calcareous algae.- Geol. Surv. Prof. Papers, 280E: 209-246. Johnson J.H. (1961).- Limestone-building algae and algal limestones.- Colorado School of Mines, Boulder, 297 p. Johnson J.H. (1971).- An introduction to the study of organic limestones.- Quaterly of the Colorado School of Mines, Boulder, 66(2): 185 p. Johnson J.H. (1963).- The algal genus Archaeolithothamnium and its fossil representatives.- J. Pal., 37 (1): 175- 211. Johnson J.H. & Ferris B.J. (1949).- Tertiary coralline algae from the Dutch East Indies.- J. Pal., 23 (2): 193-198. Johnson J.H. & Ferris B.J. (1950).- Tertiary and Pleistocene coralline algae from Lau, Fiji.- Bernice P. Bishop Museum (Honolulu), Bull., 201: 27 p. Martin-Closas C. & Grambast-Fessard N. (1986).- Les Charophytes du Crétacé inférieur de la région du Maestrat (Chaîne Ibérique - Catalanides, Espagne).- Paléobiologie continentale, Montpellier, XV: 66 p. Okla S.M. (1991).- Dasycladacean algae from the Jurassic and Cretaceous of central Saudi Arabia.- Micropaleontology, 37(2): 183-190. Okla S.M. (1992).- Further record of Jurassic, and Cretaceous fossil algae from central Saudi Arabia.- Rev. Paléobiol., Genève, 11(2): 373-383. Pfender J. (1926).- Les Mélobésiées dans les calcaires crétacés de la Basse-Provence.- Mém. Soc. Géol. Fr., Paris, (2), III( 6):1-32. Refaat A.A. & Imam M.M. (1999).- The Tayiba Red Beds: transitional marine-continental deposits in the precursor Suez Rift, Sinai, Egypt.- J. Afric. Earth Sci., 28 (3): 487-506. Soulié-Märsche I. (1994).- The paleoecological implications of the charophyte flora of the Trinity Division, Junction, Texas.- J. Paleont., 68 (5): 1145-1157.
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Granier B., Feist M., Bucur I.I. & Senowbari-Daryan B. (2007).- Further investigation of the Imam's micropaleontological fraud: The stolen algae. In: Grgasović T. & Vlahović I. (eds), Field Trip Guidebook and Abstracts.- 9th International Symposium on Fossil Algae - Croatia 2007, Zagreb (September 19th-20th), Hrvatski geološki institut - Croatian Geological Survey, p. 223-224.

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