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Biomimicry offers a holistic and deeply rooted method for achieving true sustainability. Nature embodies more than four billion years of experience perfecting the designs and behaviors that make organisms and living systems thrive. This unique presentation was created by a biologist and architectural designer, both professionally trained in Biomimicry and sustainable building design.
Current EventsWorld’s Most Influential Designers
How does nature reduce drag? Images courtesy of the Biomimicry InstituteWhalePower wind turbine blade design gains productivity by reducing drag drag. • 32% less drag • 20% production increase
How Does Nature Use Pattern? Images courtesy of the Biomimicry InstituteThe InterfaceFLOR Entropy carpet tiles capitalize on the consistency ofinconsistency. y • Reduces waste • Embraces diversity – broadens materials palette, competitor’s waste = product feedstock! p
How Does Nature Cool? Images courtesy of the Biomimicry InstituteThe Eastgate Centre in Harare Zimbabwe uses a natural cooling systemthat pre tempers the air and exhausts through chimneys the same way pre-temperstermites do. • 90% energy reduction for cooling loads
How Does Nature Manage Water? Images courtesy of the Biomimicry InstituteLavasa Hill Station near Pune, India in the Western Ghats uses a sitedesign that i i how th surrounding fd i th t mimics h the di forest manages water and t t dcontrols erosion. • Inspiration: Tree canopies, root systems and water storage
Biomimicry Innovation Makes ‘beyond sustainability’ accessible M k ‘b d t i bilit ’ ibl Broadens the solution spaceSustainability Ecological literacy Environmentalist ideal – ecological imperative
Biomimicry“the conscious emulation of life’s genius” g Bio = life, living things Bio = life living things Mimic = simulate, emulate Forethought, intention Not a slavish re-creation, understand context Images courtesy of the Biomimicry Institute I t f th Bi i i I tit t Janine Benyus, Co-founder Biomimicry Guild
3.85 billion years agoLife Appears fe 3.5 billion years ago Photosynthesis Evolves Hist ry of Lif H tor 1.5 billion years ago Multi‐celled Organisms Appear Fish Appear Fish Appear 508 million years ago 430 million years ago Land Plants Appear 350 million years ago Amphibians Appear Homo Sapiens Sapiens Appears 246 million years ago Mammals Appear Present Day 212 million years ago Birds Appear 65 million years ago Hominids Walk on Two Limbs Dinosaur Extinction 4 million years ago 50, 000 years ago
Evolution provides 3.85 billion years of trial and error, research and 3 85 billion years of trial and error research and development, and rigorous quality control testing that resulted in a and rigorous quality control testing that resulted in a 99.9% failure rate, so that the estimated 30 million different species of organisms living on earth today are success stories. They have figured out materials, forms, processes, systems, and strategies needed to sustain themselves in the conditions on earth as it t t i d dt t i th l i th diti th it is today –the very same conditions in which we must sustain the very same conditions in which we must sustain ourselves.
Mimicking Form Hexagonal structure uses the least material to create a lattice of cells with minimal surface area and the largest surface area and the largest possible volume. Application Ideas: A li ti Id • building structural stability • minimizing materialImages courtesy of the Biomimicry Institute
Mimicking Process Application Ideas: A li i Id • organizational / change management • transportation systems It is believed that social insects have been so successful – they are almost everywhere It is believed that social insects have been so successful they are almost everywhere in the ecosphere – because of three characteristics: • flexibility (the colony can adapt to a changing environment • robustness (when one or more individuals fail the group can still perform its task robustness (when one or more individuals fail, the group can still perform its task • self‐organization (activities are neither centrally controlled nor locally supervised)Images courtesy of the Biomimicry Institute
Mimicking (Eco)SystemForest ecosystems are subject to disturbances that create gaps in the forest stand. Change creates new opportunity for growth to maintain and enhance many ecosystem maintain and enhance many ecosystemvalues. Ecological features of forest stands:• Size and shape• Abundance• Composition• Spatial / temporal distributionApplication Idea: City Planning
Earth’s Operating Conditions – Earth is in a constant state of dynamic non-equilibrium – Earth is water based – Subject to limits and bounds
“Each species is a i imasterpiece…” E.O. Wilson Images courtesy of the Biomimicry Institute
Life’s Principles Life Life creates adapts pconditions andconducive evolves to lif t life
Life’s Principles using multi-functional design Life creates optimizing rather fitting form to function than th maximizing i i iconditionsconducive recycling all materials to life leveraging interdependence self organizing using benign using life-friendly materials Life manufacturing adapts p using water based chemistry and fostering cooperative relationships evolves using self assembly
Life’s Principles using multi-functional design Life creates optimizing rather fitting form to function than th maximizing i i iconditions recycling all materialsconducive to life
Life’s Principles feedback loops Life Locally attuned resourceful and opportunistic creates and responsive free energyconditionsconducive shape rather than material to life cellular and nested Resilient antenna, signal, response simple, common building blocks Life Integrates cyclic learns and imitates adapts p processes cross pollination and mutation and diverse evolves decentralized and distributed redundant
Life’s Principles resourceful and opportunistic Locally attuned and responsive free energy shape rather than material simple, common building blocksLifeadapts pandevolves
Understanding Ecosystem Functions “When the forest and the city are then we know we have reached sustainability.” ~Janine Benyus Provisioning: food, fuel, fresh water, genetic resources, fiber, etc. Regulating: climate regulation, flood regulation, disease regulation, etc. Supporting: nutrient cycling, soil formation, photosynthesis, etc. Cultural: biophilia, educational, spiritual, recreational, etc.
The Sustainable Sites Initiative,The Case of Sustainable Landscapes 2009 Fig. 2-1. The Bounty of Ecosystems
The Sustainable Sites Initiative,Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks Draft 2008 Fig. 2-4. Restoring Ecosystem Services
Two Design ApproachesDesign to Biology Biology to Design
Two Design Approaches Design to Biology Biology to Design Evaluate Evaluate Discover against Life’s Identify the against Life’s natural Principles real challenge Principles models Emulate Translate to to Emulate Abstract Abstract natural the design natural design strategies brief strategies principles Discover Discover Identify natural application models opportunitiesMethodology Created by the Biomimicry Institute
Biomimetic Design Process Biology to Design Evaluate DISCOVER against Life’s Principles natural models Emulate Abstract natural design strategies principles Identify application opportunitiesMethodology Created by the Biomimicry Institute
Biomimetic Design Process Biology to Design Evaluate Discover against Life’s natural Principles models Emulate ABSTRACT natural strategies design principles Identify application opportunitiesMethodology Created by the Biomimicry Institute
Floodplain Functions Water cleansing W t l i Water supply & regulation Erosion & sediment control Habitat functions Waste decomposition & treatment Human health & well‐being Cultural benefits
Biomimetic Design Process Biology to Design Evaluate Discover against Life’s natural Principles models Emulate Abstract natural design strategies principles IDENTIFY application opportunitiesMethodology Created by the Biomimicry Institute
Functional ExamplesCheonggyecheon StreamSeoul, South Korea
Biomimetic Design Process Biology to Design Evaluate Discover against Life’s natural Principles models EMULATE Abstract Abstract design natural strategies principles Identify application opportunitiesMethodology Created by the Biomimicry Institute
Conceptual Site Design Image courtesy of AC Martin Partners, Inc.
Conceptual Site DesignImage courtesy of AC Martin Partners, Inc.
Conceptual Site DesignImage courtesy of AC Martin Partners, Inc.I t f M ti P t I
Biomimetic Design Process Biology to Design EVALUATE Discover against Life’s natural Principles models Emulate l Abstract b natural design strategies principles Identify Id tif application opportunitiesMethodology Created by the Biomimicry Institute
Biomimicry o cy Resources Tree of Life Web ProjectImages courtesy of the Biomimicry Institute
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Brightworks Sustainability Advisors helps ourclients create lasting value by aligning their effortswith basic principles of ecological social and ecological,economic sustainability. Recognized as a leadingprovider of end-to-end sustainability services inthe built environment and for organizationalstrategy, we have completed more than 90 LEEDcertified buildings across the country country.