Springer Nature (SN) was formed in 2015 through the merger of Nature Publishing
Group, Palgrave Macmillan, Macmillan Education and Springer Science+Business Media.
• 13,000 staff in over 50 countries
• Publishes around 300,000 articles across almost 3,000 journals
• Largest publisher of academic books (about 13,000 books per year)
• Largest open access research publisher (including Scientific Reports)
• Content platforms were visited almost 2 million times per day in 2017
In most countries of the world, authors enjoy protection of their intellectual property that
appears in books and journal articles.
Contents of copyright
• Moral Rights cover an author’s authority to decide whether his work should be
published and whether the published work should bear the author’s name.
• Exploitation Rights entitle an author to decide whether copies of the work should be
reproduced (Right of Reproduction) and whether these copies should be offered to the
public (Right of Distribution).
Authors are free to publish their work by themselves or transfer the exploitation rights to a
What is Open Access?
Open access makes your work freely available online for
everyone, immediately upon publication.
• All open access publications are subject to high-quality peer review, editorial and
• Author retains the copyright to the work.
• All open access publications are published under a Creative Commons license,
usually the liberal Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) license.
It permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided
- appropriate credit is given to the original author(s) and the source
- a link to the Creative Commons license is included
- it is indicated if any changes were made
• A fee (book/article processing charge) needs to be paid by the author or its funder.
WIKIPEDIA: Predatory open-access publishing is an exploitative open-access academic
publishing business model that involves charging publication fees to authors without
providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals
(open access or not).
Different OA Options in Journal Publishing
Gold Open AccessHybrid Open Access
Green Open Access
• Deposit into PubMed
• Open Access option
in majority of SN
• “Open Choice” for
• “Pure” OA Journals
• Article Processing
Self-Archiving Policy at SN: Pre-Print Servers
Author(s) are permitted to self-archive a pre-print version of their Article.
A pre-print is the author’s version of the Article before peer-review has taken place.
Prior to acceptance for publication, Author(s) retain the right to make a Pre-Print of their
Article available on any of the following:
• their own personal, self- maintained website
• a legally compliant, non-commercial pre-print server such as but not limited to arXiv
Self-Archiving Policy at SN: Author‘s Accepted Manuscript
Author(s) are permitted to self-archive an author’s accepted manuscript version of their
An Author’s Accepted Manuscript (AAM) is the version accepted for publication in a
journal following peer review but prior to copyediting and typesetting that can be made
available under the following conditions:
• Author(s) retain the right to make an AAM of their Article available on their own
personal, self- maintained website immediately on acceptance.
• Author(s) retain the right to make an AAM of their Article available for public release
on any of the following 12 months after first publication ("Embargo Period"):
- their employer’s internal website
- their institutional and/or funder repositories.
What is your motivation?
• Present new and original results or methods, exchange ideas, communicate with
• Advance (not repeat) scientific knowledge, enhance scientific progress.
• Grant writing, research funding.
• Peer recognition and career advancement.
• Personal prestige, satisfaction and enjoyment.
Deciding which journal
• Check out the websites of research groups and researchers working in your
topic area and see where they have been publishing their research results.
• Talk to your colleagues/peers about their experiences with journals you are
• Follow the references in your own paper. Where were the original papers
published and read?
• Check publisher sites, you can often find useful information there in the ‘for
• Read the journal product page and READ THE JOURNAL.
• Is an impact factor important to you? Or are you more concerned about
• Use the “Journal Selector” tool
Eugene Garfield (1925-2017)
Founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and
Inventor of Web of Science.
First mentioned the idea of an impact factor in Science in 1955.
Garfield E. “Citation indexes to science: a new dimension in
documentation through association of ideas”
Science 122(3159):108-11 (1955).
The Impact Factor
The Impact Factor – The Formula
There is much debate over Impact Factors in the scientific community, particularly with
regard to the fairness of the system. However, there is no doubt that the Impact Factor is
seen as a benchmark of quality of the journal in many academic communities.
Number of citations in 2017 to articles published in 2015 + 2016
2017 IF = -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total citable articles published in 2015 + 2016
100 + 70
2017 IF = --------------- = 1.700
50 + 50
Manuscript Submission: Mistakes to Avoid
• Not clear which publishing model to choose (Open Access?)
• Submission out of the scope of the journal
• Instructions for Authors not followed
• Sloppy abstract / manuscript
• “Key message” not clear
• Weak accompanying cover letter
Submission: Include your ORCID iD
ORCID is an international, interdisciplinary, open, and not-for-profit organization created
An ORCID identifier (ORCID iD) is a unique, personal, persistent identifier for
researchers that distinguishes them from every other researcher and enables them to
link their publications to their unique record, ensuring their work is recognized.
Getting an ORCID iD is free and easy to do: https://orcid.org/register
Who’s Who in Journal Publishing?
• Associate Editor
• Managing Editor/Editorial Office Assistant
• Reviews Editor
• Editorial Board members
• Corresponding Author
• Publisher‘s side: Publishing Editor, Production Editor
Types of Peer Review
• Single-blind Peer Review: Reviewer knows author(s), not vice versa
• Double-blind Peer Review: Reviewer does not know the author(s)
• Transparent Peer Review: Peer review process files (anonymous reviews and author
response) are published next to the article
• Open Peer Review: Identity of peer reviewers is disclosed, pre-publication history of
the article may be posted online
Benefits of acting as a reviewer
• Opportunity to observe what constitutes both good and bad papers
• Enhances own competence and improves chances of publication success
• Makes familiar with cutting edge research before it is even in press
• New ideas and inspiration
• Raises your profile within the academic community
• Network with academic colleagues internationally
• Enhances your continuing professional development
• Become associated with a leading academic journal
• Active involvement adds to your cv
Peer Review: Publons
Easily import, verify, and store a record of every peer review you perform
for any journal in the world.
Aim: Turn peer review into a measurable research output, so that academics can use their
review record as evidence of their standing and influence in their field.
Offers peer review training course.
Manuscript Transfers (Cascading)
How does a manuscript transfer benefit the scientific
• Helps authors to find a suitable journal
• No reformatting necessary
• Faster publication process if review reports are
included in the transfer
• Reduces the workload for the reviewer community
After Acceptance, Before Publication: Proofing
The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion
The typesetter will insert queries in the proofs wherever clarifications
are required from the author.
Authors will receive a metadata sheet showing the header information
that will later appear online. This should also be checked, especially
the author(s) names and affiliations.
Substantial changes in content and changes of title and authorship are
not allowed without the approval of the responsible editor.
After Publication: Share Your Article
• Share content easily and legally
• Links to view-only, full-text subscription research articles
• Can be posted anywhere - including on social media platforms, author websites and in
Correcting the Scientific Literature
Corrections/Errata. Standard procedure for handling a mistake in a publication. This is an
additional publication, with its own DOI, that is interlinked with the original, which itself
This procedure is in particular for the correction of mistakes in the scientific or factual
content, or the metadata.
Authorized update. In exceptional cases involving e.g. minor and/or typographical
errors in OnlineFirst publications, an authorized update may be possible.
In this procedure, the erroneous article or chapter is replaced by a corrected version
without any notification to readers.
Retraction of a publication. In exceptional cases, e.g., of copyright violation,
plagiarism, or legal disputes, a publication may be retracted.
Retraction Watch blog
Publishing Ethics – Before Submission
• The work described has not been published before
• It is not under consideration anywhere else
• Publication has been approved by co-authors and responsible authorities
• Necessary permissions obtained from copyright owners
Research Data Policies - Open Data
• Materials described in a manuscript, including all relevant raw data, should be freely
available to any researcher wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes.
• Data should be submitted to a discipline-specific, community-recognised repository
where possible, or to generalist repositories (e.g. figshare) if no suitable community
resource is available.
• Some journals ask for data availability statements.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted
principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should
include information on
• sources of funding
• potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial)
• informed consent if the research involved human participants
• statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals
Publication Ethics: Different Types of Misconduct
Data fabrication and falsification: Data fabrication means the researcher made up data. Data
falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but then changed some of the data.
Plagiarism: Taking the ideas and work of others without giving them credit is unfair and
dishonest. Copying even one sentence from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your
own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered.
Multiple submissions: It is unethical to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal
at the same time. Doing this wastes the time of editors and peer reviewers.
Redundant publications (or ‘salami’ publications): This means publishing many very similar
manuscripts based on the same experiment.
Improper author contribution or attribution: All listed authors must have made a significant
scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims.
The ICMJE recommends the following 4 criteria:
• Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition,
analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
• Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
• Final approval of the version to be published; AND
• Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions
related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately
investigated and resolved.
How to Make a Citation in an Article
Give the facts or ideas mentioned by the author and then attribute these facts or ideas to
… The sun always shines on TV (Campos 2010).
According to Miller (2017), the cell cycle can be described as …
Quote the author exactly and be sure to put the quoted phrase between quotation marks.
Publishing Books with Springer
• Global topics
• Regional topics of global interest
• International collaborations
• Textbooks, Contributed Volumes, Major Reference
Works, SpringerBriefs, Proceedings, …
• Book proposals are peer reviewed
• Published in different formats (print and online)
The story behind the image
biodiversity in Uganda
Creating food security in countries such as
Uganda often relies on the roll out of a national
plan, and yet these don’t necessarily take
account of the farmers’ voices or traditional food
systems that have adapted over many
generations to fit local cultural and ecological
conditions. This research followed a human
ecology approach to catalogue homegarden
biodiversity and related ethnobotany knowledge
in order to propose a more sustainable food
Christina Eckey, Life Sciences
Luciana Christante de Mello
Life Sciences, Brazil
Springer Nature Library Link Brazil
SN Library Link BR
Open Access for Books
Reference: The OA effect - how does open access affect the usage of scholarly books (White Paper), Springer Nature, 2017