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Paper 9

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Here i am sharing my presentation for paper 9, narrative patterns in "To The lighthouse" & "Waiting For Godot"

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Paper 9

  1. 1. ◊◊ Narrative patternsNarrative patterns ◊◊ • To The lighthouse & • Waiting For
  2. 2.  Sem. 3, Roll no. 8.  Paper. 9, Modernist Literature.  Department of English, MK Bhavnagar University. Bhumi Dangi
  3. 3. NARRATIVE PATTERN • Why narrator have chosen novel (specifically Stream of Consciousness) form to write about Mrs. Ramsay. • Why it was necessary to depict absurdity in form of Drama.
  4. 4. To The Lighthouse Waiting For Godot • Action happens in the mind of character • A single afternoon constitutes half the book, and the other ten years time comes in almost a blink of eyes. • A single, simple event happens but stream of consciousness deals with the events which goes in the mind of character. • The ambiguity is shown in long paragraphs and long dialogues, • Absurdity comes in the behaviour of the characters. • The drama basically contains two days narration only. •We have to observe the things through behaviour with each other. • The simplicity of diction is so high that we need to see that we are trapped in the simplicity of dialogues.
  5. 5. -- Part 1 ‘The window’, chapter 1, - ‘To the Lighthouse’ "Yes, of course, if it's fine tomorrow," said Mrs Ramsay. "But you'll have to be up with the lark," she added. To her son these words conveyed an extraordinary joy, as if it were settled, the expedition were bound to take place, and the wonder to which he had looked forward, for years and years it seemed, was, after a night's darkness and a day's sail, within touch. Since he belonged, even at the age of six, to that great clan which cannot keep this feeling separate from that, but must let future prospects, with their joys and sorrows, cloud what is actually at hand, since to such people even in earliest childhood any turn in the wheel of sensation has the power to crystallise and transfix the moment upon which its gloom or radiance rests, James Ramsay, sitting on the floor cutting out pictures from the illustrated catalogue
  6. 6. ..cont.. of the Army and Navy stores, endowed the picture of a refrigerator, as his mother spoke, with heavenly bliss. It was fringed with joy. The wheelbarrow, the lawnmower, the sound of poplar trees, leaves whitening before rain, rooks cawing, brooms knocking, dresses rustling—all these were so coloured and distinguished in his mind that he had already his private code, his secret language, though he appeared the image of stark and uncompromising severity, with his high forehead and his fierce blue eyes, impeccably candid and pure, frowning slightly at the sight of human frailty, so that his mother, watching him guide his scissors neatly round the refrigerator, imagined him all red and ermine on the Bench or directing a stern and momentous enterprise in some crisis of public affairs. "But,“
  7. 7. --Act 1, ‘Waiting For Godot’. • ESTRAGON: (giving up again). Nothing to be done. • VLADIMIR: • (advancing with short, stiff strides, legs wide apart). I'm beginning to come round to that opinion. All my life I've tried to put it from me, saying Vladimir, be reasonable, you haven't yet tried everything. And I resumed the struggle. (He broods, musing on the struggle. Turning to Estragon.) So there you are again. • ESTRAGON: Am I? • VLADIMIR: I'm glad to see you back. I thought you were gone forever. • ESTRAGON: Me too. • VLADIMIR: Together again at last! We'll have to celebrate this. But how? (He reflects.) Get up till I embrace you. • ESTRAGON: (irritably). Not now, not now. • VLADIMIR: (hurt, coldly). May one inquire where His Highness spent the night? ESTRAGON: • In a ditch. • VLADIMIR: • (admiringly). A ditch! Where? • ESTRAGON: • (without gesture). Over there.
  9. 9. OBSERVATIONS WHILE READING TEXT. • We tend to give meanings to the play which stands for meaninglessness of life. Real absurdity would come if we study the text without any implied references perhaps. --Waiting For Godot • Sense of reality would come to a text only when writer depicts his own era faithfully. --To The Lighthouse
  10. 10. Taken help from.. • Wikipedia • Audio book ‘To The Lighthouse’ • Audio book ‘waiting For Godot’ • Sparknotes • Research work by Yanxia Sang “An Analysis of Stream-of- consciousness Technique in To The Lighthouse”. • Research work by Bhumi Dangi “Absurdity of Existentialism in the light of Samuel Beckett’s ‘Waiting for Godot’ and Shrikant Shah’s ‘Apne badha akash niche ubha chhie”
  11. 11. Discussions are warmly welcomed .. . • bhumidangi7405@gmail.com