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The Cloud and the Car

Cloud computing is being adopted rapidly today, fueled by the explosion in mobile devices. The car is the third-fastest-growing mobile 'device'. Mandated use of the Cloud by the American government is pushing even faster growth. The shift to electric vehicles adds even more urgency. Here is a view of how the car is becoming a moving information transceiver for the Cloud...a mobile sensor that feeds the Cloud. See also some work on a First Responder Test-Bed in Canada

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The Cloud and the Car

  1. 1. The Car and the Cloud Presentation to DIVA August 31, 2012 Barry Gander, Chair, NVA EVP, CATA613-340-0701 bgander@cata.ca
  2. 2. Who’s Playing
  3. 3. What we do: Greenville 4G BMW April 27, 2010
  4. 4. No one cares about the Cloud• 95% of those claiming never to have used the Cloud, actually do so via online banking, shopping, music…• People don’t care how, they care about convenience.
  5. 5. They care about convenience so muchthat mobile Cloud is Key to All Cars… Newspapers - 480 m daily PCs - 1.1 b Phones - 1.2 b land-line Internet users - 1.4 b Transforms car value equation: 80% of innovation in car today from ICT Vehicle 3rd-fastest-growing connected device (smartphones, tablets)
  6. 6. Clarity• Cloud: data acquisition or distribution through the Internet and wireless networks (not stored locally)• Dramatic uses in places we don’t see – Developing world: b/m used cars Kenya, Nigeria• Redefines car as moving information transceiver
  7. 7. The Cloud Means…Standardization • A comparison that Red Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst made recently on the importance of standardization during the manufacturing era, of assembly parts: “If nuts and bolts had been patented and you had to buy your screwdriver from the same company that made the screws, the jet engine would not have been invented. Nuts and bolts were the ‘open source’ of the manufacturing era.” Jim compares the arrival of the Cloud to the standardizing influence of nuts and bolts, making a plug-and-perform component assembly possible in the information era.
  8. 8. …Efficiency• Cloud services can be deployed rapidly for substantial savings. The GSA shifted email to the cloud, for example, for a 50% reduction over 5 years. Clouds are:• Economical: with pay-as-you go, low initial investment;• Flexible: able to add or subtract capability quickly and easily; and• Fast: eliminating long certification processes, while providing a near-limitless selection of services.• Keystone private sector organizations have been quick to create Cloud ecoystems to make adoption easier. IBM plans to support about 200 million users by the end of 2012 as clients shift core applications and processes to the IBM SmartCloud.
  9. 9. …Mandated information flow• The U.S. feds spent $600-billion on IT in the past decade, with little improvement compared to the private sector. Projects were hand- crafted, over-budget, and behind schedule.”• The shift that is now mandated to the “Cloud First” policy will: – TERMINATE one-third of underperforming projects; – CRUSH 800 datacentres out of 2,000, because they exist to run custom- made software; – MODULARIZE development – CREATE a government-wide marketplace for data centre availability.• Information will be force-fed into the Cloud, and vehicles will tap into it
  10. 10. What‘s in the Mobile Cloud?: Video • Mobile Web browsing and especially mobile video will grow. • By 2015, mobile video will account for 68.5 percent of all mobile data usage in the U.S. (or 224 petabytes/month). • Coda estimates that 95 million mobile handset subscribers in the U.S. will be watching video on their phones in five years out of a total of 158 million mobile internet users. K.Schaaf March 23, 2011 Electric Vehicle Seite 11 von 35 ICT-Infrastructure
  11. 11. Car Design Ford Evos Hybrid Concept Car• Smaller central console, data on remote server• Increases the car’s capabilities – Better drive dynamics, suspension Cloud-adjusted• Safety – GPS-enabled augmented reality; lane-changing
  12. 12. Driving Experience• Distance optimization between cars• External sensor info via Cloud – Climate sensing triggers car (defrost windows)• Travel: where you are, what’s ahead• Personalized data travels with you – Calendars, music• Health: heart rate monitor• Voice-delivered Twitter, Facebook updates (BMW)• Cloud as restrictive tool – Shuts down texting, or calling over a certain speed• Driverless Cars – now legal in Nevada
  13. 13. Infrastructure IBM and Swiss Utility use smartphone app for remote charging• E-vehicles talk to power smart-grids – Determines best times for charging• Geo-location (find what you’re looking for as you drive) saves time, fuel• Route optimization: – Traffic and weather download and interaction – App lets travelling buddies stay close together
  14. 14. Basics• User interface vital - intuitive – MyFord touchscreen interface hurt quality index• Right content, right time (esp. 1st Responders)• Does app exceed customer needs? – Car’s calendar linked appointments to alarm clock• Safety, not flash, is the prime concern – 91 % would love to see a lane-change, blind-spot warning system in their cars. – 83 % want in-vehicle technologies that would automatically call a tow truck – Three-quarters would like technology that would stop their car if the driver suffers a heart attack or other sudden illness
  15. 15. Some activity QNX concept car: Porsche Carrera• Toyota and Microsoft – Global Cloud-based telematics system• Intel’s new $100-m Cloud car fund• GM Onstar has 6m users• Ford SNYC crowd-sourced Cloud contest: Caravan Track• QNX voice control over infotainment
  16. 16. Evolution• Surround the car occupant with the social network and global knowledge – Car interior as a friend delivering employee networks, all contacts, all news, entertainment, health, travel, and environmental control
  17. 17. NVA: Cloud and First Responders• New technology is rapidly being deployed that transforms the communications opportunities for First Responders.• Vehicles = mobile intelligent sensors and autonomous networking nodes• A Test-Bed will allow FRs to find optimal solutions and showcase uses.
  18. 18. Technology Momentum Application to First Responders Proposed Test-BedLTE: Compelling for Responders Narrow-band will remain platform of choice for mission-critical needs for some years to come… THEN LTE • Supported by all service providers, makers • Vendors and device ecosystem support • Simple antenna, multiple services • Strong security • Endorsed by major Public Safety associations • Continuously evolving technology
  19. 19. Elements• Real road, real world• Control and assembly area• In-vehicle data hook-ups and back office
  20. 20. Priorities by Knowledge Map
  21. 21. PrioritiesInteroperability Single solution for all emergency All-important services and with municipal and other information infrastructuresInformation Provision of exactly the right Could help ambulances andManagement information in the emergency context; fire vehicles get clear lanes tie-in to infra like traffic lights Want to use Test-Bed to transmit more information; see what happens.Equipment Test of approaches like software-Unification defined-radio to make a single device do the work of manyRemote Access Evaluate proposed solutions
  22. 22. Top Uses Feature Description CommentsCollaboration All emergency services work hand-in- First time in Canadian hand with Private Sector emergency service history that it would be possible for all emergency services to work with the private sector in developing and testing technologies of the future under real-life conditions. Best overall benefitReal-Life Feel touch and see proposed solutions Faster adoption of systems ofTesting real valueInput Give input directly to vendors Get vendors to work with First Responders to ensure the what they are doing solves a real problem and is relevant.
  23. 23. Test-Bed Steering Committee• Steve Palmer, Exec Dir, Centre for Security Sciences• Claude Belisle, VP, CRC• Lance Valcourt, Exec Dir, Cdn Interop Interest Group• Steve Erwin, Dir, MTO• Rock Lavigne & Benoit Charron, Inspectors, Ottawa & Gatineau Police• Michael Sullivan, Division Chief, Ottawa Fire Service• Michael Doucet, CTO, RCMP• James Palmer, Lt. Col., National Defence• Barry Gander, Chair, NVA (ALU, Motorola, WiSense, nTerop…)
  24. 24. Feedback Barry Gander Chair, NVAbgander@cata.ca 613-340-0701
  25. 25. Mobile Technologies Support Each Other 3G/UMTS/HSDPA/4G and WLAN are NOT competitors…. …they support each other as partnersWith much of this increased traffic directly attributable to dual-mode smartphones featuring both3G and WiFi access – with the iPhoneTM representing the vanguard of this movement – manymobile operators are now looking at WiFi networks as a way to offload data from their 2G or 3Ginfrastrucure. Offloading effectively forestalls the requirement for expensive mobile networkupgrades while delivering a positive user experience. That is, assuming the WiFi network is up tothe task. From a recent webpage of company BelAir,USA K.Schaaf March 23, 2011 Electric Vehicle Seite 27 von 35 ICT-Infrastructure
  26. 26. Future Challenges in Wireless CommunicationsMajor Trends:• Ubiquitous, global wireless broadband communications• New Wave of wireless connectivity: Smart grid, cars, buildings, medical devices, TVs, gaming devices, appliances, tablets...• IP protocol centric communicationsLimitations in Spectrum Proliferation of Wireless Devices• Little available spectrum • 24 Billion devices by 2020 (GSMA)• Max spectrum usage 17% • Open Access environment • Increasing security vulnerabilities 2 8
  27. 27. Spectrum Sharing Innovation Impediments • Primary use of indoor simulation/emulation (WiFi) environments • Lack of realistic physical testbed environment for spectrum sharing research and experimentation • Industry looking for assurance on ROI drivers, limiting focus to a few spectrum bands – RF behaviors, spectrum etiquettes, security, loss of control • Lack of integrated testbed environments with cellular, grid, transportation and cyber infrastructure • Collaboration need between national and commercial stakeholders29
  28. 28. Technology Momentum Application to First Responders Proposed Test-Bed Kanata Test-Bed and Showcase Testing, demonstrations and continuous collaboration• Ultra-bandwidth plus current bandwidths• 15 km radius• Status: – LTE equipment set aside – Spectrum obtained• First Responder initial meetings done• Min of Transport Ontario interest: traffic management
  29. 29. Test-Bed Features• Close to real field deployment environment: Spectrum, Speeds, Needs, Feeds• Ability to deal with constant technology evolution, integration• Diverse applications in various First Responder, verticals• Adaptation to multiple standards, multiplicity of vendors• Simultaneous service to different communities of interest• IPR protection, secure information dissemination• Privacy, Security, Legal administration• Prelude to Nation wide remote connectivity