4. About Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of
India. It is often referred to as the "Land of the Gods“ due to the
many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout
the state. Uttarakhand's name is derived from the Sanskrit words
Uttara meaning north, and Khaṇḍ meaning country or part of a
country. Uttarakhand is known for its natural beauty of the
Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai.
1. Kedarnath temple is dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva
2. The temple is located on the Garhwal Himalayan range near the
Mandakini river, in the state of Uttarakhand, India.
8. Unknown facts about Kedarnath Temple
1. Legend says that when Nar and Narayana-the two
incarnations of Lord Vishnu performed a severe act of
austerity in the Badrikashraya of Bharat Khand, they
worshipped a Shivalingam which emerged out of the Earth
beautifully. This in turn pleased Lord Shiva who then
appeared before Nar and Narayana and asked them to
seek for a gift. Nar and Narayana then requested Lord
Shiva to permanently reside as a Jyotirlingam at Kedarnath,
so that the people who come to worship Lord Shiva here
won’t be enslaved to their miseries in life anymore
9. 2. The of Kedarnath dates back to the Mahabharata which states
that when the Pandavas came to seek the blessings of Lord
Shiva to free themselves from the sin of killing their cousins.
Lord Shiva disguised himself as a humped buffalo and hid
himself at Kashi, then known as Guptkashi. The Pandavas
eventually managed to discover Lord Shiva who was hiding
beneath the ground with his hump in the ground and this
impressed Lord Shiva then.
3. Another legend of the Kedar temple states that Goddess
Parvati worshipped Kedareshwar to unite with Shiva as
10. Protection of Kedarnath
4. One of the Lesser Known Facts of Kedarnath is that The
Bhairo Nath Temple which is located at a very short
distance from Kedarnath Temple is a guardian of the
Kedarnathji. It is believed that Bhaironathji guards the
Kedarnath Temple by keeping away the evil while the
temple remains close. Therefore the Bhiaronath Temple
is visited ceremoniously at the opening and closing of
1. Baleshwar Temple is an ancient temple dedicated to Shiva, situated within city
of Champawat in Uttarakhand, India.
2. The main Baleshwar temple is dedicated to Shiva (who is also known as
Baleshwar). There are two other temples in the compound of Baleshwar, one
dedicated to Ratneshwar and other to Champawati Durga. Close to the
Baleshwar Temple is a "Naula" (freshwater resource). On the day of
Mahashivratri, a very crowded fair is held in the Baleshwar Temple compound.
3. The exteriors of Ratneshwar and Champawati Durga temples are carved with
the different posters of the local deities.
Costumes of Garhwali Men
Most men here wear a lungi or a dhoti which is the lower garment and the upper
garment is a kurta. The men here love wearing a head gear or a turban and this is
also a part of their traditional costume. Men here also wear kurta pajamas and
woollen jackets and sweaters. Mostly men are quite modestly dressed.
Costumes of Garhwali Women
The women who stay in the Pithoragarh part of the state in most scenarios wrap a
saree around them and this is called sarang. They then give proper pleats just as
it is done with a normal saree.
Costumes of Kumaoni Men
To ensure that there is no problem in moving from one place to another, mostly
the men of both these communities prefer wearing kurta pajamas.
Costumes of Kumaoni Women
The women in Uttarakhand wear a long skirt that is called Ghagri along with a
choli and orni. The bridal dress of the local people here are lehenga, ghaghra and
choli and also ghagra pichora or Rangwali. These Rangwali or the pichora are
designed with silver and gold tatting.
Kumbh Mela is one of the biggest and the most popular festival of
Uttarakhand. It is the largest congregation of pilgrims globally,
which involves taking a dip in the river Ganga to rid of one's sins.
Basant Panchami is the festival that celebrates the coming of
Basant or Spring season. It is a significant festival in
Uttarakhand. It marks the end of winter, a season of death and
decay, and is celebrated in the month of Magh or January/
February. The locals dress themselves up in yellow clothing,
perform Chounphula and Jhumelia dances and fly kites. They
worship Saraswati, goddess of knowledge and prosperity and the
land. Sweet rice is made in almost every home.
Bhitauli and Harela
Among the people of Uttarakhand, every season has some festivals, and
each festival is celebrated appropriately. Harela is a festival that marks
the beginning of the rainy season or monsoon. The people belonging to
the Kumaon community celebrate this festival during the month of
Shravana, i.e., July-August. Mythologically, this festival commemorates
the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati. People make small idols or
dikars of gods like Maheshwar, Ganesh.