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CONTEXT,
CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES
FOR URBAN TRANSPORT
MODERNIZATION IN AFRICA
29TH JUNE, 2018 || DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA...
Low average density
POOR CITIES IN AFRICA: FEATURELESS PLAINS
Source: Llal, through http://citypopulation.de/
Source: Muno...
Most people walk or take public
transport
But street are very congested
THE WALKING AND CONGESTION PARADOX
Source: Interna...
Nairobi and Gauteng are more fragmented and less well-connected than
its siblings in Asia or Latin America
African cities ...
In Nairobi, 70% walk or take the matatu to
work…
Source: Avner and Lall 2016.
…limiting access to opportunities
28% Matatu...
Increase in motorization threatens
competitiveness and quality of life in cities
Source: Lee Schipper, Universidad de Cali...
With the entire investment in the BRT network,
the number of people who will be able to access
the center of the city in 1...
Built Form and Urban Planning/Governance
as a foundation for the vision for the city
Source: Munoz-Raskin
SSA cities growi...
Virtuous cycle:
walking, cycling and high quality, clean and
affordable public transport
Source: DART
CHALLENGES AND
OPPORTUNITIES
FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT
MODERNIZATION
Mobility for All
• Focus on improving mobility and
accessibility for all, including the
poor
• Multi-modalism AND integrat...
Service Planning
• Adaptation of solutions to travel
market and land use. Infrastructure as
a facilitator to the service p...
Policy Considerations
• Axiomatic assumptions (e.g. BRT = Fare
recovery) have serious policy implications
• Technical tari...
Regulatory & Institutional Considerations
• Institutional set-up with institutional
architecture, funding and teeth to fav...
Human Capital
• Early and serious investment: capacity
and capability + project management
• Greater global knowledge base...
THANKS!
ASANTE!
Source: Munoz-Raskin
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Workshop Innovation in Africa - Context, challenges & opportunities for urban transport modernization in Africa by Ramon Munoz

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On 2018 the BRT+ CoE hosted the Workshop Innovation in Africa, on Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These are the slides of the main sessions of the event.

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Workshop Innovation in Africa - Context, challenges & opportunities for urban transport modernization in Africa by Ramon Munoz

  1. 1. CONTEXT, CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES FOR URBAN TRANSPORT MODERNIZATION IN AFRICA 29TH JUNE, 2018 || DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA BRT INNOVATION IN AFRICA WORKSHOP RAMON MUNOZ-RASKIN SR. TRANSPORT SPECIALIST
  2. 2. Low average density POOR CITIES IN AFRICA: FEATURELESS PLAINS Source: Llal, through http://citypopulation.de/ Source: Munoz-Raskin
  3. 3. Most people walk or take public transport But street are very congested THE WALKING AND CONGESTION PARADOX Source: International Association of Public Transport 2010. Source: World Bank Flickr
  4. 4. Nairobi and Gauteng are more fragmented and less well-connected than its siblings in Asia or Latin America African cities are different: they are more fragmented Source: Henderson and Nigmatulina 2016. Source: LSE Cities. https://lsecities.net/media/objects/articles/measuring-density/en-gb/ http://brandondonnelly.com/post/140880939048/residential-population-densities-compared
  5. 5. In Nairobi, 70% walk or take the matatu to work… Source: Avner and Lall 2016. …limiting access to opportunities 28% Matatu % of jobs within 60 minutes 42% Walk How do people get to their jobs? 11 % 20% In London, a central resident can reach 54% of all jobs within 45 minutes using public transit, in Nairobi, the corresponding share is 20%
  6. 6. Increase in motorization threatens competitiveness and quality of life in cities Source: Lee Schipper, Universidad de California, Berkeley, 2009 Trends for emerging economies • Individuals buy vehicles as soon as they can afford them • Real vehicle value decreases and access to credit increases income = motorization
  7. 7. With the entire investment in the BRT network, the number of people who will be able to access the center of the city in 1 h using PT to increase from 42% to 73%. Source: World Bank staff simulation through the OTPA tool developed by the World Bank. Estimated impact of the Dar es Salaam BRT on Accessibility to CBD Estimated impact of a hypothetical BRT in Kigali on employment accessibility Implementation of a BRT in Kigali could increase accessibility to employment opportunities by as much as 75% in some areas. LEVERAGING TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE MOBILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY: THE EVIDENCE
  8. 8. Built Form and Urban Planning/Governance as a foundation for the vision for the city Source: Munoz-Raskin SSA cities growing at 4% annually and generate > 50% GDP; 2/3 of urbanization still needs to happen; 180M jobs need to be created within cities by 2030.
  9. 9. Virtuous cycle: walking, cycling and high quality, clean and affordable public transport Source: DART
  10. 10. CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODERNIZATION
  11. 11. Mobility for All • Focus on improving mobility and accessibility for all, including the poor • Multi-modalism AND integration as a response to demand patterns. Including demand- responsive services for low density environment(e.g. minibuses/e-hauling) Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: unknown
  12. 12. Service Planning • Adaptation of solutions to travel market and land use. Infrastructure as a facilitator to the service plan. • Building the infrastructure is not enough. Coordination to facilitate service provision and priority along the routes • Anticipate for teething problems Source: DART
  13. 13. Policy Considerations • Axiomatic assumptions (e.g. BRT = Fare recovery) have serious policy implications • Technical tariff vs. fare to the user- service providers in the business of operating and public sector to establish policies, planning and contractual management as applicable • Adequate risk sharing arrangements between public and private sector to attract professional private sector service providers (local and international) Source: unknown Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: unknown
  14. 14. Regulatory & Institutional Considerations • Institutional set-up with institutional architecture, funding and teeth to favor public transport (e.g. metropolitan authorities) • Institutional coordination is complex and requires many stakeholders during planning, development and operations • Regulate the market so that public transport modernization is set for success (e.g. Who can operate in the corridors? Enforcement approach? Who decides?) Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: Munoz-Raskin
  15. 15. Human Capital • Early and serious investment: capacity and capability + project management • Greater global knowledge base but still African cities have less experience in implementing public transport modernization, coupled with less resources. • Insider + Outsider: co-producing knowledge and empowering the local Source: Munoz-Raskin Source: Munoz-Raskin
  16. 16. THANKS! ASANTE! Source: Munoz-Raskin

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