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Workshop Innovation in Africa - BRT Lessons from Nigeria by Dr. Dayo Mobereola

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On 2018 the BRT+ CoE hosted the Workshop Innovation in Africa, on Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These are the slides of the main sessions of the event.

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Workshop Innovation in Africa - BRT Lessons from Nigeria by Dr. Dayo Mobereola

  1. 1. BRT – Lessons from Nigeria By Dr. Dayo Mobereola Former MD LAMATA
  2. 2.  BRT started in 2008 (with 1st phase planning & implementation completed in 18 months) and extended in 2015  35.5km Corridor (Phase1-22kms & Phase2 - 13.5kms) – at a cost of USD 1,700,000/km  About 75% dedicated segregation from Ikorodu – TBS  Bilateral & Median Operations  5 Terminals, 2 standard Depots  45 bus stops/stations  200,000 passengers/ day  10,000 pphpd (passengers per hour per direction) service capacity  Franchised as a single corridor and Operations from TBS - Ikorodu  Operations with 434 buses with average speed of 30 km/h  Paper tickets and Electronic Fare collection system (pilot)  Intelligent Transport System (ITS) Implementation throughout the state BRT: TBS- Ikorodu 2
  3. 3. Ownership Structure LAMATA BRT PHASE I BRT PHASE II  Has the power by law to implement BRT in Lagos  Design and constructed the BRT infrastructure  Signed the franchise agreement with the operator  Regulate/monitor the SLA  Operations was by the private sector- Transport Union  The Transport union Cooperative brought the first 100 buses  Leased 120 buses  Maintained the buses  Collected fares  Contract Terminated  Concept, design, and infrastructure development by LAMATA  Private company bought the 434 buses  Currently operating phase1 & 2  Maintaining the buses  Fare collection LESSON LEARNED: 1) Well defined roles for incumbent minibus operators 2) Introduce reforms incrementally – build on initial success 3
  4. 4. Institutional Coordination Challenge Stakeholders Lesson Learned Consensus of stakeholders of urban transport in Lagos:  Political Leaders  Government Agencies (LASTMA, KAI, MOT)  Financial Institutions  Transport Consultants & Private Sector  End Users/Commuters  Media Strong Political Support Leadership within LAMATA Gain Trust of Different stakeholders Continuous manpower development within the Union Union involvement & participation Without the buy-in of all stakeholders, it would have been difficult to implement the BRT successfully 4
  5. 5.  The informal sector in the public transport sub-sector of Lagos State comprises of:  RTEAN (represent the bus employers)  NURTW (represent the drivers)  Largest union with over 80% of the members that make up the informal sector  LABOA (represent high capacity bus owners)  The unions have been in transport operation for over 40 years and provide 95% of public transport services in Lagos  The unions have invested in bus acquisition:  High capacity buses  Mini buses  The unions operate from various motor parks  The different unions have assigned for themselves different public transport corridors in Lagos State Getting a Consensus WithouttheUnionscomingtogetheritbecameimpossible toimplementtheBRTleadingto1)Lossofrevenue2) Lossofcontrol3)lossofpoliticalrelevance LESSON LEARNED: Get all the unions to form a cooperative and run the scheme under one umbrella 5
  6. 6. Importance of Technical and Political Champions  Without a political champion probability of a successful BRT implementation is low  Large projects create positive impression for politicians  LAMATA used a consensus based approach to bring about long term benefits  For Lagos, the governor of Lagos state in 2003 (Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu) was convinced and committed to an integrated transport system  With the success of the BRT scheme, governor Fashola continued the project to extend the corridor and start the Lite rail project  Large projects create positive impression for Politicians  LAMATA used a consensus based approach to bring about long term benefits by being the Technical Champion.  For Lagos, the Governor of Lagos state in 2003 (Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu) was convinced and committed to an integrated transport system and in 2006 approved the BRT Lite.  2007-2015 Governor Fashola continued the project to extend the corridor to Ikorodu.  2015-Present Governor Ambode implemented ITS on the BRT buses  Without Technical and Political Champions probability of implementing a successful BRT implementation is low.  Political champions can be created (by demonstrating success) if not born 6
  7. 7. Think Public Transport  Use BRT as a leverage to bring about broader institutional, organizational, financial, and technological reforms in the city’s public transport system  Plan on developing a PT network (and hierarchy) and not just a corridor  Sustainability—financial and technical is critical. Learn globally but develop “home grown” solutions 7
  8. 8. Thank You

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