Presented by Gabriel Oliveira, Gabriel Oliveira, ITDP Brazil Public Transport Coordinator, on September 20th, 11:30 Brasilia Time Zone.
Complete title: BRT in Brazil: state of the practice as from the BRT Standard & challenges for operations and integration
Between 2004 and 2014, the total extension of BRT systems almost quadrupled worldwide, rising from about 700 km to 2,600 km (ITDP, 2014). In an effort to monitor and guarantee an standard quality of service across systems, the Institute of Transport and Development Policy (ITDP) has consolidated, along with BRT planning experts and practitioners, a project and operations evaluation tool: the BRT Standard. The tool is divided in seven categories and 42 quantitative metrics that allow further comprehension of BRT state of the practice. It has been used to evaluate more than a hundred corridors in over 60 cities around the world.
In Brazil, where the concept has first been developed between the 70’s and 90’s, a second wave of BRT expansion in the last decade summed up more than 250 km built in nine cities and metropolitan regions, an increase of about 150%. In this presentation we aim to assess the state of the practice in sixteen operational Brazilian BRT corridors, drawing out the common challenges faced in their implementation and operations, the best practices identified and the main improvement points. The assessment is based in an exploratory and explanatory analysis of their BRT Standard scoring, where we highlight the case that stand out in each particular category or metric of the tool.
Scoring reveals good performance in basic BRT infrastructure elements (such as segregated bus lanes that are typically median aligned, off-board fare collection, level boarding and bus priority at intersections) and in service planning. Performance in categories such as station design, infrastructure sustainability and branding/information communications present greater variance depending on the corridor context.
However, the main challenges appear on the access and integration category, where system design and connection with the surrounding urban environment and active modes present flaws, and on operational issues, such as overcrowding and inadequate maintenance. This webinar will present the opportunity for participants to debate on these operational and integration challenges and how can they be overcome.
In a broader manner, this study also aspires to influence for more evidence-based policy and decision-making on urban transit investments, not only in the Brazilian context, but also in other contexts where BRT is steadily growing.