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Presented to: Worthy Sir Dr. Muhammad Iqbal
Pir Azrar Ahmed Chishti
AIMS AND GOALS OF FRENCH EDUCATION
• 1. Protecting early childhood.
• 2. Universal primary education.
• 3. Access to lifelong education.
• 4. Achieving a 50% improvement in levels
• of adult literacy.
• 5. Improving the quality of education.
• 6. Gender equality in access to school.
• Internationalization of Education
• the curriculum is the same for all French students in any
given grade, which includes public, semi-public and
subsidized(pay some amount of) institutions. However,
there exist specialized sections and a variety of options
that students can choose.
• Kindergarten: the curriculum includes reading and
writing, numeracy and even sometimes a foreign
language, as well as artistic and creative activities.
• Primary class: The primary school curriculum in France is
similar to that in other countries, and includes literacy
and numeracy, with classes in French, arithmetic, but
also geography and history, the arts, and more and more
frequently a foreign language, usually English.
• Since 1967 it’s been mandatory for those 6-16
years of age
• Public and private
• Majority of private schools are Catholic
• centralised education system.
• Regulated by the Ministry of National
• Minister of National Education is Xavier
• Anyone ages 3-5 can go to a nursery school
NATIONAL EDUCATION STRUCTURE
MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION
• Founded in 1857
• First educational system at the level of Ministry
• The Central Organization
• Provincial Organization
• Overseas Organization
• Affiliated Institutions
• educational policy is fixed at the national level; curricula and
contents are designed by the Ministry of Education.
• country is divided into 30 educational
regions called académies. Each region is
managed by a representative of the
Minister, the Recteur d'académie, appointed
by the State.
• ¼ of the population is in the education system (15
• 2 million in higher education
• 100,000 go to schools specializing in various
• 200,000 go to agricultural or vocational schools
• 300,000 that are 16+ have work contracts
FRENCH EDUCATION STRUCTURE
• Primary education
• Ages 3-11
• Secondary education
• Ages 11-18
• Higher education
STRUCTURE OF FRENCH EDUCATION
• Not mandatory
• Very popular
• Ages 3 to 5
• Also known as nursery classe
• Mandatory at age 6
• Learn to write and read the
first year after kindergarden
• Set up similar to our elementary school
• 1 or 2 teachers for numerous subjects
• Don’t teach religion
• Teach about the Republic instead
• March 2004-government banned all conspicuous
religious symbols from school and other public
• Collège (high school) for
the first 4 years right after
• Ages 11-15
• Lycée (high school-
preparing for college) for
the next 3 years
• Brevet-first official diploma
• Awarded at the end of the 9th
grade after achieving basic
• Not required to enter high school
• Consists of the grades from the final year and a final
• Only French, mathematics, history, and geography
• High school diploma
• Given at the end of the High school
• Needed in order to get into a university or any
• Refers to the diploma and the exams that go along
• Similar to SATs or ACTs
• Most students get this
• Divided into 3 areas of study
• Can be any 3 areas of study
• During the final year of collège, students are allowed to
pick some of their subjects
• Also get to pick what direction they want their curriculum
• For lycée students can either choose to go to a general,
technical, or vocational schools
• Prepares students for baccalauréat exams taken when 18
REPEATING YEARS, MOVING UP IN
CLASS, CHANGING COURSES, ETC.
• Decision of school teachers, administrations,
families, and the students
• Parents can appeal the decision
• Parents and teachers resolve any problems
• Primary and secondary schools
• Try to bring students back to mainstream system
• Help students with psychological, emotional, or
• Help students that are slow learners
• Grandes écoles
• More prestigious
• Highly competitive selection system
• Ex. 12,000 candidates for 400 spots
• In Paris and suburbs
• 13 universities that don’t specialize in any specific area
• Large number of institutions that do specialize in
• Universities are named after the big cities they are
located near followed by numbers
• Paris I to XIII
• Also named after famous French people
• Influenced by the European standards
• Difficult to change major subjects without falling
behind a semester or a whole year
• Complex and rigid system
• Low tuition because they are funded by the state
• Grandes écoles ( Elite Schools) are very
• Responsible for many of France’s scientists and
MAJOR HOLIDAYS AND BREAKS
• All Saints
• 1 ½ weeks at the end of October/beginning of November
• 2 weeks around Christmas Day and New Years Day
• 2 weeks in mid-February
• 2 weeks starting in mid-April
• 2 months starting in early-July
• Paid for by
• Most popular in football
Teacher Education & Structure in
• Teacher is a civil servant.
• Recruited through Competition.
• CAPES –all general subjects
• CAPET– for technical subjects
• CAPLP – for vocational education
• CAPEPS – for sports
• Agrégation– a higher level competition).
• For primary teachers, the competition (CRPE) is organized at the level of
the académie. Orgnised into two parts Written and Oral.
• Primary teachers are appointed at the level of académie (posted anywhere in
• Secondary teachers recruited at National level ( appointed any secondary
school in France).
• Secondary teachers teach only one subject (except some
in vocational education). Primary teachers have to teach
all subjects of the primary school curriculum.
• France has to recruit around 15,000 to 20,000 talented
and gifted teachers per year.
TEACHER EDUCATION BEFORE 1990
• Primary teachers trained in trained in Ecoles Normales
• Secondary teachers trained at university. They first had to obtain
a licence (Bachelor degree) in the subject of their choice, then
prepare at university for the State competitive examination to be
recruited. Recruited in the specified subject.
• vocational education teachers recruited and trained in special
institutions:ENNA (National Normal Schools for Apprenticeship).
• Several reforms of teacher education in France.
• IUFMs (university institutes for teacher training)
• ESPEs (Ecoles Supérieures du Professorat et de
l'Education – higher schools for teaching and
TRENDS IN EDUCATION
• Internationalization of Education Policy
• Institutional Autonomy
• Growing importance of accountability
• Technical Education
• Statistical Improvements in Training