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French education system

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French education system

  1. 1. Presented to: Worthy Sir Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Anjum Presented By: Pir Azrar Ahmed Chishti
  2. 2. RELIGION
  3. 3. AIMS AND GOALS OF FRENCH EDUCATION • 1. Protecting early childhood. • 2. Universal primary education. • 3. Access to lifelong education. • 4. Achieving a 50% improvement in levels • of adult literacy. • 5. Improving the quality of education. • 6. Gender equality in access to school. • Internationalization of Education
  4. 4. CURRICULUM • the curriculum is the same for all French students in any given grade, which includes public, semi-public and subsidized(pay some amount of) institutions. However, there exist specialized sections and a variety of options that students can choose. • Kindergarten: the curriculum includes reading and writing, numeracy and even sometimes a foreign language, as well as artistic and creative activities.
  5. 5. • Primary class: The primary school curriculum in France is similar to that in other countries, and includes literacy and numeracy, with classes in French, arithmetic, but also geography and history, the arts, and more and more frequently a foreign language, usually English.
  6. 6. EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION • Since 1967 it’s been mandatory for those 6-16 years of age • Public and private • Majority of private schools are Catholic • centralised education system.
  7. 7. • Regulated by the Ministry of National Education • Minister of National Education is Xavier Darcos • Anyone ages 3-5 can go to a nursery school
  8. 8. http://manisa.meb.gov.tr/English/Resim/image007.jpg NATIONAL EDUCATION STRUCTURE
  9. 9. MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION • Founded in 1857 • First educational system at the level of Ministry • Organization • The Central Organization • Provincial Organization • Overseas Organization • Affiliated Institutions • educational policy is fixed at the national level; curricula and contents are designed by the Ministry of Education.
  10. 10. • country is divided into 30 educational regions called académies. Each region is managed by a representative of the Minister, the Recteur d'académie, appointed by the State.
  11. 11. SOME NUMBERS • ¼ of the population is in the education system (15 million) • 2 million in higher education • 100,000 go to schools specializing in various disabilities • 200,000 go to agricultural or vocational schools • 300,000 that are 16+ have work contracts
  12. 12. DROP-OUT
  13. 13. FRENCH EDUCATION STRUCTURE • Primary education • Ages 3-11 • Secondary education • Ages 11-18 • Higher education • 18+
  15. 15. PRE-SCHOOL • Not mandatory • Very popular • Ages 3 to 5 • Also known as nursery classe
  16. 16. PRIMARY EDUCATION • Mandatory at age 6 • Learn to write and read the first year after kindergarden
  17. 17. PRIMARY EDUCATION • Set up similar to our elementary school • 1 or 2 teachers for numerous subjects • Don’t teach religion • Teach about the Republic instead • March 2004-government banned all conspicuous religious symbols from school and other public institutions
  18. 18. SECONDARY EDUCATION • Collège (high school) for the first 4 years right after primary school • Ages 11-15 • Lycée (high school- preparing for college) for the next 3 years • 15-18
  19. 19. BREVET • Brevet-first official diploma • Awarded at the end of the 9th grade after achieving basic skills. • Not required to enter high school • Consists of the grades from the final year and a final exam • Only French, mathematics, history, and geography
  20. 20. BACCALAURÉAT • High school diploma • Given at the end of the High school • Needed in order to get into a university or any professional work • Refers to the diploma and the exams that go along with it • Similar to SATs or ACTs
  21. 21. BACCALAURÉAT GÉNÉRAL • Most students get this • Divided into 3 areas of study • Can be any 3 areas of study
  22. 22. SECONDARY EDUCATION • During the final year of collège, students are allowed to pick some of their subjects • Also get to pick what direction they want their curriculum to take • For lycée students can either choose to go to a general, technical, or vocational schools • Prepares students for baccalauréat exams taken when 18
  23. 23. REPEATING YEARS, MOVING UP IN CLASS, CHANGING COURSES, ETC. • Decision of school teachers, administrations, families, and the students • Parents can appeal the decision • Parents and teachers resolve any problems
  24. 24. SPECIALIST/ADAPTIVE CLASSES • Primary and secondary schools • Try to bring students back to mainstream system • Help students with psychological, emotional, or behavior problems • Help students that are slow learners
  25. 25. HIGHER EDUCATION • Grandes écoles • More prestigious • Highly competitive selection system • Ex. 12,000 candidates for 400 spots • Universities
  26. 26. HIGHER EDUCATION • In Paris and suburbs • 13 universities that don’t specialize in any specific area • Large number of institutions that do specialize in specific areas • Universities are named after the big cities they are located near followed by numbers • Paris I to XIII
  27. 27. HIGHER EDUCATION • Also named after famous French people • Influenced by the European standards • Difficult to change major subjects without falling behind a semester or a whole year • Complex and rigid system
  28. 28. • Low tuition because they are funded by the state • Grandes écoles ( Elite Schools) are very prestigious • Responsible for many of France’s scientists and executives
  29. 29. MAJOR HOLIDAYS AND BREAKS • All Saints • 1 ½ weeks at the end of October/beginning of November • Christmas • 2 weeks around Christmas Day and New Years Day • Winter • 2 weeks in mid-February • Spring/Easter • 2 weeks starting in mid-April • Summer • 2 months starting in early-July
  30. 30. SPORTS • Paid for by parents/students • Most popular in football (soccer)
  31. 31. Teacher Education & Structure in France
  32. 32. Teacher Education Structure
  33. 33. • Teacher is a civil servant. • Recruited through Competition. • CAPES –all general subjects • CAPET– for technical subjects • CAPLP – for vocational education • CAPEPS – for sports • Agrégation– a higher level competition). • For primary teachers, the competition (CRPE) is organized at the level of the académie. Orgnised into two parts Written and Oral. • Primary teachers are appointed at the level of académie (posted anywhere in France). • Secondary teachers recruited at National level ( appointed any secondary school in France).
  34. 34. • Secondary teachers teach only one subject (except some in vocational education). Primary teachers have to teach all subjects of the primary school curriculum. • France has to recruit around 15,000 to 20,000 talented and gifted teachers per year.
  35. 35. TEACHER EDUCATION BEFORE 1990 • Primary teachers trained in trained in Ecoles Normales • Secondary teachers trained at university. They first had to obtain a licence (Bachelor degree) in the subject of their choice, then prepare at university for the State competitive examination to be recruited. Recruited in the specified subject. • vocational education teachers recruited and trained in special institutions:ENNA (National Normal Schools for Apprenticeship).
  36. 36. PRESENT • Several reforms of teacher education in France. • IUFMs (university institutes for teacher training) • ESPEs (Ecoles Supérieures du Professorat et de l'Education – higher schools for teaching and education professions).
  37. 37. TRENDS IN EDUCATION • Internationalization of Education Policy • Merketization • Institutional Autonomy • Decentralization • Growing importance of accountability • Technical Education • Statistical Improvements in Training