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HINDU AND BUDDHIST GARDEN
SUBMITTED TO- SUBMITTED BY-
AR. NAUMI GARG AYUSHI AGRAWAL
A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display,
cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The garden can
incorporate both natural and man-made materials.
Gardens include- Residential garden, Zoological garden, Botanical garden, Zen
Garden, Xeriscape Garden etc.
Garden design is the art and process of designing and creating plans for layout
and planting of gardens and landscapes.
HINDU GARDEN STYLE
Hindu gardens reflect the tenets and beliefs of Hinduism.
Hindu gardens often include refuge for birds and other wildlife.
Hindu garden designs are guided by the principle that everything in the
universe is sacred. Plants are held in particularly high regard.
HINDU TEMPLE GARDENS
Hinduism is the world’s third largest religion, and many historians believe it is
the world’s oldest religion.
It is the predominant religion in India and Nepal, and is widely practiced in
countries around the world, including Canada and the United States.
Hindu temple gardens are places of worship, designed to connect people with
gods. The gardens are rich in symbolism that reflects Hindu values
EXAMPLES OF HINDU GARDEN
A Hindu garden is a tropical paradise resplendent with beautiful tropical
flowers that explode with bright color and sweet aroma.
Other features include shady trees, walkways, water features(such as natural
ponds, waterfalls or streams), and quiet places to sit and meditate.
Most Hindu Gardens include statues, pedestals, lanterns and potted plants.
Hindu temple gardens are carefully planned to reflect the belief that
everything is connected.
Hindu garden plants are many and varied, but they are usually suitable for a
lush tropical environment. However, plants are chosen based on the growing
zone. For example, a Hindu garden in Arizona or Southern California may
display a wide variety of cacti and succulents.
Some of them are-
Stately banyans (Ficus Benghalensis)
Exotic palms (Cyrtostachys renda)
Screw pine(Pandanus utilis)
Gigantic birds of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai)
Fruiting or flowering trees may include:
Banana (Musa paradisica)
Guava (Psidium guajava)
Papaya (Carica papaya)
Royal Poinciana (Delonix regia)
Planning a Hindu garden presents a nearly endless choice of blooming plants and
vines such as:
Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra)
Canna (Canna indica)
Frangipani (Plumeria obtusa)
Anthurium (Anthurium andraeanum)
Crocosmia (Crocosmia crocosmiiflora)
Trumpet vine (Campsis radicans)
Pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana), mondo grass
(Ophiopogon japonicus) ,and other types of
ornamental grasses create texture and year-round
BUDDHIST GARDEN STYLE
Buddhism is the world religion with the strongest connection to gardens.
Buddha spoke to his followers in the Deer Park of Isipatana (Sarnath) and
groves of trees became an important aspect of Buddhist sacred space.
A Buddhist garden display Buddhist images and art, but more importantly, it is
simple, uncluttered garden that reflects Buddhist principles of peace, serenity,
goodness and respect for all living things.
CREATING A BUDDHIST GARDEN
Buddhist gardens can be large or small. They generally include paths for
wandering contemplatively and areas for visitors to sit and reflect, often under
the shade of a graceful tree. If an unpleasant view detracts from the peaceful
atmosphere of the garden, it can be blocked with climbing, trellised plants or a
Statues of Buddha should be raised above the ground to display proper
Statues are placed on a marble slab or altar table, but even a mound of stones
or a woven mat is appropriate. The statues are often used in conjunction with
a peaceful garden pond and floating lotus blooms.
They should fit into the harmonious design of the garden where they can help
visitors overcome negative emotions such as anger, ignorance and greed.
Lanterns are a recognizable feature of
Buddhist gardens; however, the purpose
of traditional lanterns isn’t to provide light.
Originally used in temples and shrines,
lanterns were signs of worship that honored
Buddha or revered ancestors.
The lotus flower is an important element in
Buddhist garden design, respected for its
ability to provide beautiful blooms even in
shallow, stagnant water.
BUDDHIST GARDEN IDEAS
A Zen style garden is a simple garden with
no unnecessary features. Often, a dry garden
consists primarily of raked, white gravel with
a few simple trees and shrubs. Plants and stones
are arranged in groups, much like islands in the
sea of gravel. The gravel is raked in patterns
around the groupings to resemble ocean waves.
A Mandala-style garden is centered around
a sacred mountain, often represented by a large,
upright stone. Traditionally, the mountain – the
axis between earth and the heavens – is considered
the center of the universe. Visitors stroll through
the garden with the mountain always to their right.
EXAMPLES OF BUDDHIST GARDEN
Lumbini Garden, Bangalore
Ryoan-ji Zen Garden, Japan
Sigiriya Temple Gardens , Sri Lanka