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The day of judgement

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The day of judgement

  1. 1. Introduction All praises is due to Allah. We praise Him, ask him and seek his forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from evils of ourselves and mischief of our deeds. Whomsoever Allah guide, cannot be misguided. Peace and blessings be upon the Final Messenger Muhammad, on his family and his noble companions. Amin. It were already more than 1400 years we were left by the Prophet Muhammad and Alhamdulillah up to this moment we are still able to feel the blessings of Faith and Islam which is by the unstoppable sustained effort and perseverance in carrying out tasks that have been passed by the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him.) The friends, Tabi‟en and scholars alternates to the task, as the successor of the Prophet. They are active in the work and never gave up at the end of the fight. With this spirit of Islam come to our country and up to this day, Muslims are the fifth of the world‟s population. Although from time to time Muslims are always in trouble and having all kind of tests, but by the grace and mercy of Almighty God. Muslims still exists and still has religious values and life, even though we acknowledge here and there. Al-Quran and Hadith is the legacy that left by the Prophet Muhammad to his people. They will not get lost and disappear from the surface of the earth as long as they still adhere both of the position. Al-Quran and Hadith will not lose grip and the source of all strength are even complete and clear explanation as to the identity of Islam. To those people who worship Al-Quran and Hadith will be rewarded by God according to their beliefs and deeds. Those who die while believing that “there is no true god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger (Prophet) of God” and are Muslim will be rewarded on the day and will be admitted to Paradise forever, as God has said: “And those who believe and do good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they dwell therein forever.” Al-Baqarah, 2:82
  2. 2. In fact, all the problems faced by Muslims over the centuries, all over the past, now and future has been explained by the Prophet Muhammad and there is no one is left. They are described and explained about the ways to solve them. In this case, including the problems faced by the Muslims in the last days. In which over 1400 years ago, was described by the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to be guided to his people so that they can take care of themselves, be alert and remain in the pure doctrines and avoid all the damage and danger of straying. Now we beliefs that in Doomsday is one of the fundamentals and pillars of faith. It is the day when everyone is to get recompense and punishment for one‟s work and has to go to heaven or hell according to one‟s deeds. This is the reason each and every Prophet warned his people of the day of judgement. However certain events are going to take place prior to the coming of the final hour. These events are known as the Signs of Qiyamah (the end of the world). All the Prophets informed their people of the signs of the final hour. Our Prophet Muhammad being the last and the seal Prophets, knowing that Doomsday is to come upon this very ummah, explained clearly and in considerable detail the signs of the final hour to the extent that sometimes Rasulullah SAW would lecture his companions all day on this subjects. Abu Zaid (R.A) says: ‘The Holy Prophet (Please Be Upon Him) sat down on the pulpit after Fajr prayer and began a deliver a long sermon until the time for Zuhor prayer came. After saying the Zuhor prayer the Prophet Muhammad again sat on the pulpit and began sermon, which continued until Asar prayer. After the Asar prayer the Prophet Muhammad resumed the sermon so much so that the sun set. The Prophet Muhammad related whatever happened in the past and also related in detail whatever is to happen in the future. Those amongst us who had good memories retained many things.’ (Riwayat Muslim.)
  3. 3. Discussion The major signs before the day of the Judgement At here, the signs of the final hour can be divided into two groups. Firstly are the minor signs. This are events that happened of normal nature prophesied by our Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) to take place before Qiyamah like the consumption of alcohol, lifting of knowledge and prevalence of ignorance and immortality and signs of this nature. The majority of the minor signs have appeared while some are occurring and some will appear with major signs. Secondly are the major signs which are the events occurred of extraordinary nature prophesied by our Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) to take place before Qiyamah like all the events mentioned in the following Hadith narrated by Hudaifa Ibn Usayd that the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “The last hour will not arrive till you have seen ten signs. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) then mentioned the smoke, Dajjal, Beast, Rising of the sun from the place of its setting, the Descent of Isa, Ya‟juj Ma‟juj, three landslides one in the East, one in the West and one in the Arabian Peninsula after that a Fire would spread from Yaman and drive the people to their place of gathering.” (Riwayat Muslim) Other than that, Hudaifah Ibn Usayd said: “The Prophet (S) stood up one day to speak to us, and told us everything that was going to happen until the Hour, and left nothing unsaid. Some of the listeners learnt it by heart, and some forgot it; these friends of mine learnt it. I do not remember it completely, but sometimes it springs to mind, just as one might remember and recognize the face of a man whom one had forgotten, when one sees him. (Abu Daud, Muslim)1 1 Muslim, Kitab al-Firan wa Ashrat al Sa’ah; Abu Daud, Kitan al-Fitan wa’l Malahim.
  4. 4. a)The sign of Imam Mahdi The greater signs of the hour will be arrive someday, where the mankind will have reached a stage suffering. Then awaited Mahdi will appears; he is the first of the greater and clear, signs of the Hour. There will be no doubt about his existence, but this will only be clear to the knowledgeable people. The Mahdi will rule until the False Messiah ( al-Masikh al-Dajjal) appears, who will spread oppression and corruption. The only ones who will know him well and avoid his evil be those who have great knowledge and Iman (faith). The false Messiah will remain for a while, destroying mankind completely, and the earth will witness the greatest Fitnah (tribulation) in its history. Then the Messiah Jesus (AS) will descend, bringing justice from heaven. He will kill the Dajjal, and there will be years of safety and security. b)Gog and Magog Then the appearance of Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog) will take mankind by surprise and corruption will overtake them again. In answer to Jesus „faithful prayer to Allah SWT, they will do and safety, security, justice and stability will return. This state of affairs will continue for some years, until the death of Jesus (AS). Allah says in the Quran: “Then he ( Dhul Quamain) followed another route. Until when he reached between two mountains he found on the hither side of the two (mountains) a people who could scarcely understand a word. They said: “Oh Dhul Quanain! Verily Gog and Magog cause mischief in the land. Should we collect for thee the resources, so that thou shalt raise between us and them a barrier? He said: The power in which my Lord has established me is better (than your proposed resources). So you help me only with the strength (man-power); I will make between you and them a barrier. Bring you unto me blocks of iron; until when it filled the space between the mountain sides, he said: „ply your bellows‟ until he made it red-hot (like) fire and said “bring unto me molten brass which I may pour over it.” So the (Gog and Magog) could not scale it nor could they make a hole in it. He said, “This is a mercy from my Lord. But when the promise of my Lord
  5. 5. (resurrection) comes to pass, He will level it with ground and the promise of my Lord is true.” And We will let them that day to dash into one another. And the trumpet will be blown then We gather them all together” (Quran, 18:92-99) “Until are let loose the Gog and Magog and they shall hasten forth from every elevation” (Al-Anbiya, 21:96) c)The Anti-Christ (Dajjal) The next major sign before the day of the judgement is the appearance of the Anti-Christ (Dajjal). It means one who conceals the truth with falsehood, a falsifier, one who deceives, deludes, beguiles, circumvents, is very deceitful or a great deceiver. The word also means “To smear the whole body of camel with tar”. Thus, according to this meaning Dajjal would mean a great falsifier who would cover the whole earth with conceit and delusion and infidelity or with his beguiled adherents as tar covers the body. According to another version, he would be called Dajjal because he will travel most of the regions of the earth. There is a good deal of difference of opinion about the personality of Dajjal and this has raised much academic discussion about it. It is however, certain that at the approach of the end of the world, a great falsifier would raise and he would, by his vicious tricks and devices, lead people astray from the path of righteousness. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Abu Qatada reported: We used to go to „Imran bin Husain passing in front of Hisham bin Amar‟. He, one day, said: You pass by me (in order) to go to (see) some people but no one remains in the company of Allah‟s Messenger (may peace be upon him) more than me and no one knew more of his Hadiths than me. I heard Allah‟s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying: There would be no creation (creating more trouble) other than the Anti-Christ from the creation Adam to the Last Hour.
  6. 6. (Related by Muslim) The Antichrist‟s characteristics are mentioned in the many authentic Hadiths. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) has described the minute details of the Antichrist so that the Muslims could know him and protect themselves from the delusion. Firstly, the Antichrist is a blind of right eye as if his eye is like a swollen grape. And then, the Antichrists has on his forehead the letters K.F.R (Kafir) (infidel) which every Muslims, whether he is literate or illiterate, would only be able to read, while non- believers cannot perceive this written message. One of the characteristics of the Antichrist is he would be very irritable and get extremely angry, and the first thing (by incitement of which) he would come out before the public would be his anger. One thing that we should know is the Antichrist will appear at Khorasan for the East, from Yahwadia town of Asbahan (Shahrstan) and will pass through all over the earth except Holy Mekkah and Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah where he could enter there because of the clear prohibition by Allah, and the Angels of Allah will guard these two cities from being trespassed by the Antichrist. There are certain instructions, according to the prophet (may peace be upon him), to be followed strictly to keep the trials of Antichrist away changing our true belief. One of them is anyone who would survive to see Antichrist should recite over him the opening verses of Surah al-Kahf. Anyone who learns by heart (memorize) the first ten verses or at the end of the Surah al-Kahf- both portions are important-will be protected from the Antichrist Dajjal. It is most highly recommended that, everyone recite this chapter, particularly every Friday. d) Jesus Christ (alaihi wassalam) After that it will be the descension of Jesus Christ (alaihi wassalam) also known as Nabi Isa. Jesus Christ (may peace be upon him) is a man of medium
  7. 7. height reddish fair wearing two light yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head though it is not wet. Abu Huraira reported the Prophet (may peace be upon him) saying: There is no prophet between me and him; that is, Jesus (may peace be upon him). He will descend (to the earth). When you see him, recognize him; a man of medium height, reddish fair, wearing two lights yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head through it will not be wet. He will fight for the people for the cause of Islam. He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish Jizyah. Allah will perish all religions except Islam. He will destroy the Antichrist and will live on the earth for forty years and then he will die. The Muslims will pray over him. (A sound Hadith related by Abu Daud, Hakim and Ibn Khuzaimah) Jesus Christ, son of Mary (Mariam) will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he lowers his head, the beads of perspiration will fall from his head, and when he raises it up, beads like pearls will scatter from it. Every non-believer who smells the odour of himself will die and his breath will reach as far as he would be able to see. The descention of Jesus Christ is confirmed by the Holy Quran and Sunnah. By the Holy Quran. Allah the Exalted and Glorious stated: That they said (in boast), “we killed Jesus Christ the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”; But they killed him not, nor crucified him. Only a likeness of that was shown to them. And those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge. But only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:- Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself, And Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.
  8. 8. (An-Nisa, 157-158) In Hadith, The Prophet of Allah (may Allah‟s peace and blessings be upon him) said: Jabir bin Abdullah reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may be peace upon him) saying: A section of my people will not cease fighting for the truth and will prevail until not cease fighting for the truth and will prevail until the Day of Resurrection. He said: Jesus son of Mary (peace be upon him) would then descend their (Muslims‟) commander would invite him to come and lead them in prayer, but he would say; No, some amongst you are commanders over some (amongst you). This is the honour from Allah for this nation. (Related by Muslim) The events occurring during his stay will take place after the descent of Jesus Christ. Firstly, the capture Anti Christ and his affliction. Which is we learnt from preceding information that the Jesus will descend when Muslims are ready to fight with Anti Christ. Thereupon the prayer will be called and Jesus will participate in congregational prayer lead by Imam Mahdi Secondly, another event during the Jesus Christ‟s reappearance would be the appearance of the two great sects of Gog and Mogog. Their arrival will take place after the killing of the antichrists and his followers. These two groups would make numerous mischiefs and afflictions of the earth. Jesus will supplicate Allah to get rid of their afflictions and troubles and thus Allah will eliminate them completely. e) The Smoke The appearance of the smoke is one of the major portents of Last Hour. This noxious cloud of the smoke will spread all over the world. True believers may feel from this smoke the sensation of a common cold or catarrh, while it will reach at each and every nook and corner of unbelievers and hypocrites; resulting in their demise by
  9. 9. suffocation and asphyxia. Even the Quran and the Sunnah have confirmed this sign as a major event. By the Holy Quran. Allah and Exalted and Glorious stated in the Holy Quran: Then watch thou for the Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke (or mist) plainly visible. Enveloping the people: This will be Chastisement grievous. (They will say:) “Our Lord! Remove the Chastisement from us, for we do really believe!” How should they have the Reminder. Seeing that a Messenger explaining things clearly has (already) come to them,- Yet they turn away from him and say: “tortured (By others), a man possessed!” we shall indeed remove the Chastisement for a while, (But) truly you will revert (to your ways). The day We shall seize you with a mighty onslaught: We will indeed (then) exact Retribution! (surah ad-Dhukhan, ayat 10-16) In Hadith said, The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Abu Huraira reported that Allah‟s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Hasten in performing these good deeds (before these) six things (happen): (the appearance) of the antichrist, the beast of the earth,, the rising of the sun from the west, the general turmoil (leading to large- scale massacre), and the death of masses and individuals. (Related by Muslim) f) The rising of the sun from the west Another greater sign that happened during the doomsday is the rising of the sun from the West. The natural course of the sun is to rise from the east and to set
  10. 10. in the west. The mystery of the course of the sun is a great power of Allah the Exalted and Glorious which is one of the most great portents of the Last Hour. Allah says in the Qur'an, "The day when some signs of your Lord will come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned good (by performing deeds of righteousness) through his faith." (Surah Al-An'aam) Narrated by Abu Huraira (R.A), "Allah's Messenger said, 'The hour will not come until the sun rises from the west; and when the people see it, then whoever will be living on the surface of the Earth will have faith, and that is (the time) when no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before." (Bukhari). Ibnu Hajar has mentioned many Al-hadith which prove that the door of repentance will remain closed till the Day of Judgement and thereafter writes, ''These narration's give strength to one another, agreeing completely in that when the sun rises from the west the door of repentance will be closed and will not be opened thereafter. And this is not specific with that day but will prolong till the Day of Judgement.'' (Fathul- Bari) Conclusion There were more major signs that happened before the day of the judgement. Such as occultations in three places, demolishing of holy kaabah by an asyssinian having two small shanks, the coming out of the beast from the earth and speak unto the people, disappearance of the Holy Quran, revocation of Islam and deviation of people to the idol-worship and a fire burns forth and emits driving people to their place of assembly. Those are all that we should awaken from now on. We might not know when is the real signs will be spreading. Before it happen, we should more pray so our
  11. 11. iman will always in Allah side. Our duty is to be prepared for it at all times. There are many Quranic verses and authentic Hadiths to explain that the Last Hour is very close to happening and the appearance of some of the Signs of the Last Hour is a manifest proof for this very fact. Every minute sees to mankind nearer to their doom, and yet they are sadly heedless and even actively turn away from the Message that would save them. Allah the Exalted and Mighty said: “Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they heed not and they turn away” (surah al-Anbiya, 1) One thing we should know that the knowledge of the Final Hour is with Allah alone. The fact of its coming is certain; the exact time when it will come has not been revealed. If it were, it would disturb our thoughts and lie. Heavy are its burden through the heavens and the earth. But at any given moment it cannot be far distant. We should always be prepared. With the Hour comes judgment and this is what every human should be thinking about and preparing for, especially as he or she is reading about these events that shall occur before that momentous occasion. The End.