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Sanders, Digital Art History Project Proposals for the Getty Research Institute

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Sanders, Digital Art History Project Proposals for the Getty Research Institute

  1. 1. Digital Art History at the Getty Research Institute Ashley Sanders PhD Candidate DH Specialist February 24, 2014
  2. 2. 1) Research Questions 2) Challenges & Solutions 3) Project Life Cycle 4) Moving Forward 1) Research Questions 2) Challenges & Solutions 3) Project Life Cycle 4) Moving Forward Max Hutzel Collection Robert Motherwell Collection
  3. 3. Research Questions I  What are the essential elements of Hutzel’s style?  Did these elements change over time? If so, how?  How does his work compare to that of his contemporaries in documentary art photography?  How did Walter Gropius’ work, the Bauhaus School, and Dr. Paul Wolff’s mentorship influence Hutzel’s work?  What did Hutzel contribute to art documentary photography? What were his innovations in the field? Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  4. 4. Research Questions II  What relationships exist between and among works of art and architecture created within the same space and time?  Across space?  Across time?  Stylistically?  Iconographically?  What can we determine about the artistic lineages that existed in these locations and routes of influence?  What do these works contribute to the corpus of work on Italian Art History? Do they support or disrupt previous notions of style and/or technique? Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  5. 5. Proposal Outline Statement of Question: What were the relationships between and among works of art and buildings created within the same space and time?  Across space?  Across time? Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  6. 6. Challenges and Solutions Needs of the Project & Researchers Solutions Place art and architecture spatially and temporally Omeka with Neatline Plugin; GeoServer to upload geo- referenced historic map Identification of art & architecture Add this information into metadata spreadsheet Robust metadata schema needed Metadata Standards Crosswalk (CDWA: Dublin Core) Ability to search by iconography and formal elements in art & architecture Add Iconclass categories & keywords as well as descriptors for formal elements to the metadata schema Controlled Vocabulary SimpleVocab, a plugin for Omeka Importing thousands of images Write program to map each image and its metadata from current database to Omeka repository Context Static Pages with maps, references, and links to further reading and related collections Language Human translation from Italian into English, French, and German Searchable Archive Exhibit Builder, a plugin for Omeka Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  7. 7. Technical Specifications: Foto Arte Minore  Omeka: A web-publishing platform with an integrated repository and exhibit builder. An expanded version of Dublin Core is available as a plugin, and item types are editable. (http://omeka.org/codex/Managing_Item_Types)  Neatline: An Omeka plugin -- a geospatial exhibit builder with a temporal component built in that allows one to develop interactive, contextualized representations that reveal new connections among items through maps, nuanced timelines, and embedded sources http://neatline.org  GeoServer: Open source software server that allows users to share and edit geospatial data. It would be used to create a base layer with a historic (or other) map of Italy. http://http://geoserver.org  SimpleVocab: An Omeka plugin that allows users to create a controlled vocabulary for metadata http://omeka.org/codex/Plugins/SimpleVocab Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  8. 8. Technical Specifications: Foto Arte Minore  Use Metadata Standards Crosswalk (CDWA: Dublin Core) to map metadata into Omeka and comply with accepted standards  Spreadsheet or CSV can be used to bulk upload metadata for Omeka items  Static pages:  Map overlays of the sites Hutzel photographed and the destruction during WWII (implications for Hutzel’s motivation to preserve what remained)  Link to ORBIS (Stanford’s geospatial network model of the Roman World): Has implications for the spread of ideas, artistic styles and techniques, artworks and artists. http://orbis.stanford.edu/  Reference materials available online  Links to related collections at the Getty Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  9. 9. Wireframe of Home Page Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  10. 10. Foto Arte Minore Mock-up
  11. 11. Examples of Similar Projects Hotchkiss Maps the Battle of Fredericksburg for his Child: http://neatline.org/neatline-in-action/ Gothic Past: http://gothicpast.com/ Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  12. 12. Project Life Cycle Initiate • Guiding Questions • Goals? To create a tool to explore lesser known works of Italian art and architecture across time and space. • Audience? Scholars • Features? • Objectives: Tool, Resources, Connections, & Collaboration Plan • Project Management Plan • Scope & Timeline • Roles & Responsibility Assignment • Budget Execute • Project Schedule • Task Management: Tracking Progress • Quality Control: Check work at each stage Close • Maintenance & Sustainability • Review process and results • Lessons learned • Publicize! Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  13. 13. Project Plan Digraph Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore Directed Edge Graph for project management: http://journyx.com/blog/directed-graphs-and-their-applicability-project-resource-utilization-and-tracking
  14. 14. Project Plan Digraph Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  15. 15. Project Plan Digraph Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  16. 16. Moving Forward: Maintenance & Sustainability  Update Omeka platform and plug-ins  Provide additional maps and overlays  Digitize Hutzel’s negatives  Request and add color photographs  Maintain resource links Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  17. 17. Moving Forward: 3-D Modeling & Printing from Photographs  Crowd-source new color photographs  3-D imaging from all photographs  3-D walk-through of buildings  3-D printing of objects Max Hutzel Foto Arte Minore
  18. 18. Style •What did he have to say about his own style? How do his works shed light on his own creations? •In what ways did his ideas and perspectives change over time? The New York School and Abstract Expressionism •What does he have to say about the motivations, style, and techniques of the New York School? •How does RM envision the work of the New York School and depict it through his writing and speaking? Motherwell’s role in shaping art and art criticism •What were his innovations in art? Art history? Art criticism? •How did artists respond to his art and his critiques? •Where did he see himself fitting into art movements of his generation? Historical Context •How did his political views shape his art, art criticism, writing and lectures and vice versa? •In what ways did his historical context shape his views, writing, painting, speaking, etc.? •To what extent was he an important figure in shaping art, politics, philosophy? Robert Motherwell Collected Works
  19. 19. Robert Motherwell Collected Works Needs of project and researchers Solutions Non-searchable image files Create text files for OCR Create XML files from text files Navigability Add tags for people, places, artworks, etc. Difficult to make connections within content Create searchable database of text files Create index for text files Build image archive of Motherwell’s artworks Poor image quality Find and or create new high res images of original documents Copyright Negotiate use rights with holders Customizing available tools Work with IT department to find workable tools and bridges Learning curve For scholars assisting with mark-up, it will be necessary to learn TEI standards
  20. 20. Initiate • Guiding Questions • Goals? To create an interactive tool for scholars to easily search Motherwell’s collected work, interrogate Motherwell’s perception of his positionality within the New York School and Abstract Expressionism • Audience? • Objectives: Tool, Resources, Connections, Collaboration, & Digital Scholarship Plan • Project Management Plan • Scope & Timeline • Roles & Responsibility Assignment • Budget Execute • Project Schedule • Task Management: Tracking Progress • Quality Control: Check work at each stage Close • Maintenance & Sustainability • Review process and results • Lessons learned • Publicize! Robert Motherwell Collected Works
  21. 21. Robert Motherwell Collected Works
  22. 22. Robert Motherwell Collected Works
  23. 23. Robert Motherwell Collected Works
  24. 24. Robert Motherwell Collected Works • Add to commentary • Add new images • Maintain resource links • Update software
  25. 25. Robert Motherwell Collected Works • Add links to related & cited works of art, articles, collections, and exhibitions • Add historical resources • Embed segments from interviews in TEI XML files • Embed network analysis and data visualization capabilities in site as interactive research tools
  26. 26. Recap • Geospatial & temporal mapping of Italian art and architecture using Hutzel’s collection of photographs – Crowdsourced color photographs and 3-D imaging and printing • Multi-media digital critical edition of Robert Motherwell’s collected works – Network analysis and data visualization software built in
  27. 27. Bibliography 2013 Horizon Report, Higher Education Edition: http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2013-horizon-report-museum-EN.pdf 2014 Horizon Report, Higher Education Edition: http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2014-nmc- horizon-report-he-EN.pdf Bamboo DiRT: Digital Research Tools, http://dirt.projectbamboo.org/ David J. Birnbaum, “What is XML and Why Should Humanities Scholars Care?” http://clover.slavic.pitt.edu/humcomp/what-is-xml.php Digital Humanities Quarterly, http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/ Quinn Dombrowski, “When Not to Use Drupal,” Drupal for Humanists, http://drupal.forhumanists.org/book/when-not-use-drupal
  28. 28. Bibliography Justin Flanders and Scott Hamlin, “TAPAS: Building a TEI Publishing and Repository Service,” Journal of Text Encoding Initiative 5 (June 2013), http://jtei.revues.org/788. The Getty: Iris, http://blogs.getty.edu/iris Journal of Digital Humanities: http://journalofdigitalhumanities.org/ Edward Jacobs, “A Rationale for Digital Critical Editions of Public Domain Print Forms,” Media Commons: A Digital Scholarly Network (October 18, 2013) http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/question/what-are-new-insights- digital-publishing/response/rationale-digital-critical-editions-publi Daniel Price, Rex Koontz, and Lauren Lovings, “Curating Digital Spaces, Making Visual Arguments: A Case Study in New Media Presentations of Ancient Objects,” DHQ 7:2 (2013) http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/7/2/000159/000159.html
  29. 29. Bibliography Special Issue: Digital Art History, Visual Resources: An International Journal of Documentation 29, no. 1-2 (2013). http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/gvir20/29/1-2 Jonathan Strickland, “How Will Web 3.0 Work,” How Stuff Works, http://computer.howstuffworks.com/web-30.htm TEI: Text Encoding Initiative, http://www.tei-c.org/index.xml THAT Camp CAA 2014. Storify available: http://storify.com/throughthe_veil/digital-art- history/ John Walsh and Grant Leyton Simpson, “TEI Boilerplate,” Journal of Digital Humanities 2, no. 3 (Summer 2013). http://journalofdigitalhumanities.org/2-3/tei-boilerplate/ Diane M. Zorich, Transitioning to a Digital World: Art History, Its Research Centers, and Digital Scholarship (A Report to the Samel H. Kress Foundation and CHNM, 2012)http://www.kressfoundation.org/uploadedFiles/Sponsored_Research/Research/Zorich _TransitioningDigitalWorld.pdf

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