KRISHNA GROUP 1
ShriKrishna Edu Hub
English Language Training Programme @ Wockhardt,
Chikhalthana,Aurangabad
PRESENT TENSE...
KRISHNA GROUP 2
3) ‚ãã½Öãè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ºããñÊããÌã¦ããñ. We call them. Ö½ã
„¶Öò ºãìÊãã¦ãñ Ööý
4) ¦ãñ ‚ãã½ãÞ¾ããÍããè ºããñÊã¦ãã¦ã. ...
KRISHNA GROUP 3
1) ¦ãî ãä¦ã©ãñ •ãã¦ããñÔã ‡ãŠã? Do you go there? ‡ã‹¾ãã ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖãú
•ãã¦ãñ Öãñ?
2) ½ããè ¹ã¨ã ãäÊããä֦㠶ããÖ...
KRISHNA GROUP 4
4) Àã½ãã¶ãñ ¦ãñ ãä½ãßÌãÊãñ ¶ããÖãè. Rama didn’t get it. Àã½ãã¶ãñ ÌãÖ ¹ãÆ㹦ã
¶ãÖãé ãä‡ãŠ¾ããý
5) ãä¦ã¶ãñ ãäÞ...
KRISHNA GROUP 5
7) ¹ãàããè ÜãÀ›ñ ºããâ£ãñË The bird will build the nest. ¹ãâœãè ÜãÀãòªã
ºã¶ãã†Øããý
8) ‡ãðŠÓ¥ã㠇㊹ã¡ñ ãäÌã‡...
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Present tense

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Present tense

  1. 1. KRISHNA GROUP 1 ShriKrishna Edu Hub English Language Training Programme @ Wockhardt, Chikhalthana,Aurangabad PRESENT TENSE (Ìã¦ãýãã¶ã ‡ãŠãß) SUBJECT (‡ãŠ¦ããÃ) I - ½ããè / ½ãö HE - ¦ããñ / ÌãÖ ( ¹ãìÂÓã ) YOU - ¦ãî , ¦ãì½Öãè / ‚ãã¹ã SHE - ¦ããè / ÌãÖ ( Ô¨ããè ) WE - ‚ãã½Öãè / Ö½ã IT - ¦ãñ / ÌãÖ (ãä¶ããä•ãÃÌã ÌãÔ¦ãì, ¹ãàããè, ¹ãÆã¥ããè ) THEY - ¦ãñ / Ìãñ ( ‚ã¶ãñ‡ãŠ) RAMA - ¶ããÌã / ¶ãã½ã SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (Ôãã£ãã Ìã¦ãýãã¶ã‡ãŠãß) In this tense, use the verb as it is for I, You, We, They and for He, She, It, Rama attach ‘s’ OR ‘es’ at the end of the verb. ¾ãã ‡ãŠãßã¦ã I, You, We, They ÔããŸãè •ããñ Í㺪 ãä‰ãŠ¾ãã¹ãª ½Ö¥ãî¶ã ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ããñ ¦ããñ •ãÔããÞ¾ãã ¦ãÔãã Ìãã¹ãÀãÌãã. He, She, It, Rama ÔããŸãè ãä‰ãŠ¾ãã¹ãªãÔã ‘s’ ãä‡ãâŠÌãã ‘es’ Öã ¹ãƦ¾ã¾ã ÊããÌããÌãã. ƒÔã ‡ãŠãÊã ½ãò I, You, We, They ‡ãñŠ ãäÊㆠ•ããñ Í㺪 ãä‰ãŠ¾ãã Öõ ‡ãñŠÌãÊã „Ôã‡ãŠã ¹ãƾããñØã ‡ãŠÀò ‚ããõÀ He, She, It, Rama ‡ãñŠ ãäÊㆠãä‰ãŠ¾ãã ‡ãŠñ Ôãã©ã ‘s’ ‚ã©ãÌãã ‘es’ ¹ãƦ¾ã¾ã ‡ãŠã ¹ãƾããñØã ‡ãŠÀò ý I, You, We, They - Verb He, She, It, Rama - Verb + “s/es” AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE (Öãñ‡ãŠãÀã©ããê Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Subject + Verb + Object. 1) ½ããè ãä¦ã©ãñ •ãã¦ããñ. I go there. ½ãõâ ÌãÖãú •ãã¦ãã Öúìý 2) ¦ãî ¦ãñ ‡ãŠÀ¦ããñÔã. You do it. ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖ ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ Öãñý
  2. 2. KRISHNA GROUP 2 3) ‚ãã½Öãè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ºããñÊããÌã¦ããñ. We call them. ֽ㠄¶Öò ºãìÊãã¦ãñ Ööý 4) ¦ãñ ‚ãã½ãÞ¾ããÍããè ºããñÊã¦ãã¦ã. They talk to us. Ìãñ Ö½ãÔãñ ºãã¦ã ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ Öõâý 5) ¦ããñ ¹ã¨ã ãäÊããäÖ¦ããñ. He writes a letter. ÌãÖ Œã¦ã ãäÊãŒã¦ãã Öõý 6) ¦ããè Øãã¥ãâ Øãã¦ãñ. She sings a song. ÌãÖ Øãã¶ãã Øãã¦ããè Öõý 7) ‡ã슨ãã £ããÌã¦ããñ. Dog runs. ‡ã슦¦ãã ªãõ¡¦ãã Öõý 8) Àã½ãã ãä¦ã©ãñ •ãã¦ããñ. Rama goes there. Àã½ãã ÌãÖãú •ãã¦ãã Öõý 9) ¦ãñ ãä‰ãŠ‡ãñŠ› Œãñߦãã¦ã. They play cricket. Ìãñ ãä‰ãŠ‡ãñŠ› ŒãñÊã¦ãñ Ööý 10) ¦ããñ ãäÞã¨ã ‡ãŠã¤¦ããñ. He draws a picture. ÌãÖ ãäÞã¨ã ºã¶ãã¦ãã Öõý NEGATIVE SENTENCE (¶ã‡ãŠãÀã©ããê Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Subject + do/does + not + Verb + Object. I, You, We, They - Do not (Don’t) He, She, It, Rama - Does not (Doesn’t) 1) ½ããè ãä¦ã©ãñ •ãã¦ã ¶ããÖãè. I do not go there. ½ãõ ÌãÖãú ¶ãÖãé •ãã¦ãã Öúìùý 2) ¦ãì½Öãè ¦ãñ ‡ãŠÀ¦ã ¶ããÖãè¦ã. You don’t do it. ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖ ¶ãÖãèâ ‡ãŠÀ¦ãñ Öãñý 3) ‚ãã½Öãè ¦¾ããâ¶ãã ºããñÊãÌã¦ã ¶ããÖãè. We don’t call them. ֽ㠄¶Öò ¶ãÖãé ºãìÊãã¦ãñ Ööý 4) ¦ããñ ¹ã¨ã ãäÊããä֦㠶ããÖãè. He doesn’t write a letter. ÌãÖ Œã¦ã ¶ãÖãé ãäÊãŒã¦ãã Öõý 5) ¦ããè ãäÞã¨ã ‡ãŠã¤¦ã ¶ããÖãè. She doesn’t draw a picture. ÌãÖ ãäÞã¨ã ¶ãÖãé ºã¶ãã¦ããè Öõý INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE (¹ãÆͶãã©ãÇ㊠Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Do/does + Subject + Verb + Object. Do - I, You, We, They Does - He, She, It, Rama
  3. 3. KRISHNA GROUP 3 1) ¦ãî ãä¦ã©ãñ •ãã¦ããñÔã ‡ãŠã? Do you go there? ‡ã‹¾ãã ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖãú •ãã¦ãñ Öãñ? 2) ½ããè ¹ã¨ã ãäÊããä֦㠶ããÖãè ‡ãŠã? Don’t I write a letter? ‡ã‹¾ãã ½ãö Œã¦ã ¶ãÖãèâ ãäÊãŒã¦ãã Öúìù? 3) ¦ããñ Øãã¥ãâ Øãã¦ããñ ‡ãŠã? Does he sing a song? ‡ã‹¾ãã ÌãÖ Øãã¶ãã Øãã¦ãã Öõ? 4) Àã½ãã ¦ãìÊãã ¼ãñ›¦ã ¶ããÖãè ‡ãŠã? Doesn’t Rama meet you? ‡ã‹¾ãã Àã½ãã ¦ãì½Öò ¶ãÖãé ãä½ãÊã¦ãã Öõ? 5) ¦ããè ãäÞã¨ã ‡ãŠã¤¦ãñ ‡ãŠã? Does she draw a picture? ‡ã‹¾ãã ÌãÖ ãäÞã¨ã ºã¶ãã¦ããè Öõ? PAST TENSE (¼ãî¦ã ‡ãŠãß) SIMPLE PAST TENSE (Ôãã£ãã ¼ãî¦ã‡ãŠãß) *In this tense the verb must be used in the past mood for all the eight subjects. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE (Öãñ‡ãŠãÀã©ããê Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Subject + II form of Verb + Object. 1) ½ããè ‡ãŠãÊã ãä¦ã©ãñ ØãñÊããñ. I went there yesterday. ‡ãŠÊã ½ãõâ ÌãÖãú Øã¾ããý 2) ¦ãî ¦ãñ ‡ãñŠÊãâÔã. You did it. ‚ãã¹ã¶ãñ ÌãÖ ãä‡ãŠ¾ããý 3) ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ¹ã¨ã ãäÊããäÖÊãññ. He wrote a letter. „Ôã¶ãñ Œã¦ã ãäÊãŒããý 4) ¦ãì½Öãè ¦¾ããÞããè ¹ãÆÍãâÔãã ‡ãñŠÊããè. You admired him. ‚ãã¹ã¶ãñ „Ôã‡ãŠãè ¹ãÆÍãâÔãã ‡ãŠãèý 5) ‡ã슨ãã ªîÀ ¹ãßî¶ã ØãñÊãã. Dog ran away. ‡ã슦¦ãã ªîÀ ¼ããØã Øã¾ããý  NEGATIVE SENTENCE (¶ã‡ãŠãÀã©ããê Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Subject + Did not + Verb + Object 1) ½ããè ãä¦ã©ãñ ØãñÊããñ ¶ããÖãè. I didn’t go there. ½ãõâ ÌãÖãú ¶ãÖãé Øã¾ããý 2) ¦ãî ¦ãñ ‡ãñŠÊãâ ¶ããÖãè. You didn’t do it. ‚ãã¹ã¶ãñ ÌãÖ ¶ãÖãé ãä‡ãŠ¾ããý 3) ‡ã슨ãã ªîÀ ¹ãßî¶ã ØãñÊãã ¶ããÖãè. Dog didn’t run away. ‡ã슦¦ãã ªîÀ ¶ãÖãé ¼ããØããý
  4. 4. KRISHNA GROUP 4 4) Àã½ãã¶ãñ ¦ãñ ãä½ãßÌãÊãñ ¶ããÖãè. Rama didn’t get it. Àã½ãã¶ãñ ÌãÖ ¹ãÆ㹦㠶ãÖãé ãä‡ãŠ¾ããý 5) ãä¦ã¶ãñ ãäÞã¨ã ‡ãŠã¤Êãñ ¶ããÖãè She did’t draw a picture. „Ôã¶ãñ ãäÞã¨ã ¶ãÖãé ºã¶ãã¾ããý INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE (¹ãÆͶãã©ãÇ㊠Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Did + Subject + Verb + Object 1) ‚ãã½Öãè ¦ãñ ¹ãããäÖÊãñ ‡ãŠã? Did we see it? ‡ã‹¾ãã Ö½ã¶ãñ ÌãÖ ªñŒãã? 2) ¦¾ããâ¶ããè ½ãÊãã ÔããâãäØã¦ãÊãâ ‡ãŠã? Did they tell me? ‡ã‹¾ãã „¶Öãò¶ãñ ½ãì¢ãñ ºã¦ãã¾ãã? 3) ¦¾ãã¶ãñ ãä¦ãÞããè ¹ãÆÍãâÔãã ‡ãñŠÊããè ‡ãŠã? Did he admire her? ‡ã‹¾ãã „Ôã¶ãñ „Ôã‡ãŠãè ¹ãÆÍãâÔãã ‡ãŠãè? 4) ãä¦ã¶ãñ Øãã¥ãâ Øãã¾ãÊãñ ¶ããÖãè ‡ãŠã? Didn’t she sing a song? ‡ã‹¾ãã „Ôã¶ãñ Øãã¶ãã ¶ãÖãé Øãã¾ãã? 5) ¦ãì½Öãè ‡ãŠãÀ ¤‡ãŠÊãÊããè ¶ããÖãè ‡ãŠã? Didn’t you push the car? ‡ã‹¾ãã ‚ãã¹ã¶ãñ ‡ãŠãÀ ‡ãŠãñ ¶ãÖãé £ã‡ãñŠÊãã? FUTURE TENSE (¼ããäÌãӾ㠇ãŠãß) SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE (Ôãã£ãã ¼ããäÌãÓ¾ã‡ãŠãß) I,WE --- SHALL / WILL YOU, THEY, HE,SHE, IT, RAMA --- WILL AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE (Öãñ‡ãŠãÀã©ããê Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Subject + Will / Shall + Verb + Object. 1) ½ããè ãä¦ã©ãñ •ããƒÃÊã. I will go there. ½ãö ÌãÖãú •ãã…úØããý 2) ¦ãì½Öãè ¦ãñ ‡ãŠÀãÊã. You will do it. ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖ ‡ãŠÀãñØãñý 3) ‚ãã½Öãè ãä‰ãŠ‡ãñŠ› Œãñßî. We will play cricket. Ö½ã ãä‰ãŠ‡ãñŠ› ŒãñÊãòØãñý 4) ¦ãñ ¹ã¨ã ãäÊããäÖ¦ããèÊã. They will write a letter. Ìãñ Œã¦ã ãäÊãŒãòØãñ ý 5) ¦ããñ ¶ããÞãñÊã. He will dance. ÌãÖ ¶ããÞãñØãã ý 6) ¦ããè ÀãâØããñßãè ‡ãŠã¤ñÊã. She will draw a Rangoli. ÌãÖ ÀâØããñÊããè ºã¶ãã†Øããèý
  5. 5. KRISHNA GROUP 5 7) ¹ãàããè ÜãÀ›ñ ºããâ£ãñË The bird will build the nest. ¹ãâœãè ÜãÀãòªã ºã¶ãã†Øããý 8) ‡ãðŠÓ¥ã㠇㊹ã¡ñ ãäÌã‡ãŠ¦ã ÜãñƒÃÊã Krishna will purchase clothes. ‡ãðŠÓ¥ã㠇㊹ã¡ñ ŒãÀãèªñØããý NEGATIVE SENTENCE (¶ã‡ãŠãÀã©ããê Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Subject + will / shall + not + Verb + Object. 1) ½ããè ãä¦ã©ãñ •ãã¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè. I won’t go there. ½ãö ÌãÖãâù ¶ãÖãé •ãã…úØããý 2) ¦ãì½Öãè ¦ãñ ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè. You will not do it. ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖ ¶ãÖãé ‡ãŠÀãñØãñ ý 3) ¦ããñ ½ãÊãã ¼ãñ›¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè. He won’t meet me. ÌãÖ ½ãì¢ãñ ¶ãÖãé ãä½ãÊãñØãã ý 4) ¦ããè ‡ãŠã½ã ‡ãŠÀ¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè. She will not work ÌãÖ ‡ãŠã½ã ¶ãÖãé ‡ãŠÀñØããè ý 5) ‡ãðŠÓ¥ãã ¹ã¨ã ¹ããŸÌã¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè. Krishna won’t send letter ‡ãðŠÓ¥ãã Œã¦ã ¶ãÖãé ¼ãñ•ãñØãã ý INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE (¹ãÆͶãã©ãÇ㊠Ìãã‡ã‹¾ã) @ Will / Shall + Subject + Verb + Object. 1) ½ããè •ãã… ‡ãŠã? Shall I go? ‡ã‹¾ãã ½ãö •ãã…ú? 2) ¦ãî ¦ãñ ‡ãŠÀÍããèÊã ‡ãŠã? Will you do it? ‡ã‹¾ãã ‚ãã¹ã ÌãÖ ‡ãŠÀãñØãñ? 3) ¦ããñ ¼ãñ›¥ããÀ ¶ããÖãè ‡ãŠã? Will he not meet?/ Won’t he meet? ‡ã‹¾ãã ÌãÖ ¶ãÖãé ãä½ãÊãñØãã? 4) ¦ããè Øãã¥ãâ ØããƒÃË ‡ãŠã ? Will she sing a song? ‡ã‹¾ãã ÌãÖ Øãã¶ãã Øãã†Øããè? 5) Àã½ãã ¦ãñ©ãñ •ããƒÃÊã ‡ãŠã? Will Rama go there? ‡ã‹¾ãã Àã½ãã ÌãÖãú •ãã†Øãã?

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