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By : “ANUOSHAH MUGHAL”
“SYED ATHAR ABBAS”
“Leadership is the ability to influence a group toward the
achievement of a vision or set of goals”
Traittheories assumes that people
inherit certain qualities and traits that
make them better suited to leadership,
Traits like extraversion, self-confident
and courage are all traits that could
potentially be linked to great leader’s.
For Example : Nooyi (CEO of Pepsi
Co). She is fun loving, Sociable,
Agreeable, Emotionally stable and
open to experience.
Theories proposing that specific behavior differentiate leader’s from
The 2 dimensions that substantially accounted for most of the
leadership behavior describe by the employee are Initiating
structure and Consideration.
Contingency theories of leadership focus on particular variable
related to the environment that might determine which particular style of
leadership is best suited/effected for the situation.
Leaders develop relationships with each member of work
High quality relationship: Member is a part of “in-group” ,
more responsibility ,less turnover and higher job satisfaction.
Low quality relationship: Member is a part of “out-group” , less
responsibility and lower job satisfaction.
The charismatic leader gather
followers through mark of
personality and charm, rather
than any form of external power
or authority. Some prominent
qualities of a charismatic leader
The transformational leadership
refers to the process ,whereby an
individual engages with others
and creates a connection that
raises the level of motivation
and morality in both the leader
and the followers. Followings are
the component of it
Authentic leader bring
people together around to
share purposes and
empower them to step up
and lead authority in order
to create value.
A form of leadership replace self
interest with service to others to
create a better world.
Its about influence rather then
Its about focusing strength
rather then weaknesses.
Its about listening rather then
Its about long range benefit
rather then short term profit.
Leaders who move people
from where they are to
where God wants them to
they can influence all
people not just God
they work from Gods
An Ethical leader is
characterized by caring, honesty,
principles, fair and balanced
choices by individuals who act
ethically, set clear ethical
standards, communicate about
ethics with followers and reward
as well as punish others based on
ethical or unethical conduct.
Knowledge, skill, ability and
High emotional intelligence.
Review specific requirements for
Conduct tests that identify
personal traits associated with
leadership, measure self-
monitoring and asses emotional
Conduct personal interview to
determine whether the
candidate fit with the job.
Teach skills that are necessary
for employees to become
Recognize that all people are
not equally trainable.
Provide behavioral training to
increase the development
potential of employee.
Shared leadership is a
influence process among
individuals in group for
which the objective is to
led one another to the
achievement of group and
In Strategic leadership a
leader have to a thorough and
complete understanding of the
organization .It includes the
leadership of both the CEO and
the top management team.
In today’s complex environment
the strategic leadership needs to
come from the middle of the
organization and should vary by
the nature of the context facing
Cross-cultural leadership is more
than just being tolerant of different
appearances and traditions. Managers
will need to develop new
competencies to successfully integrate
and lead employees from different
cultures. following are steps towards
I. Learn how cultural affects beliefs, perceptions
and ultimately behavior.
II. Develop awareness of your own cultural
III. Communicate expectations clearly and
IV. Implement tools and processes
V. Be patient.
Change leadership helps deal with the idea of an organization
that masters the challenges of both radical and incremental
change while still creating a satisfying, healthy, and effective