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Governments & Economists - Dealing with population growth

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The presentation provides information regarding the problem of the world population growth, it compares the population of developed and underdeveloped countries and it provides recommendations and solutions.

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Governments & Economists - Dealing with population growth

  1. 1. Anna Osmanay & Gerasimos Kalesis Anatolia College – The American College of Thessaloniki
  2. 2. World Population : 7 billion In 2050 : More necessities o Food o Water o Infrastructure o Services o Health care Economical problems
  3. 3. Governments: Introduction of policies  Birth control  Family planning  Empowerment of women Goal: Decrease - Population Growth Increase - Economic Growth
  4. 4. Economists: Increase rate of productivity -- Utilization of better technology “Economic growth combined with technological progress could mean our energy sources are provided by renewable energy.”
  5. 5. Population - increasing in a declining rate Maintenance of their economic growth --Innovative ideas Increase of competitiveness Support of small and medium enterprises “In United States two thirds of the 40 million jobs created over the last 30 years are made by such companies”
  6. 6. Population – very high rate of human population (consist 80% of the global population) --20% of the world's economies - Countries not developed economically Exception: China -- experiencing high economic growth and a process of reforms over the past decades. --Has opened its market to the global economy.
  7. 7. Sustain of their economic growth  Education of its workers Provision of an institutional framework  Political stability & government effectiveness o control corruption o quality regulations o proper laws o population growth  Trade in a global scale
  8. 8. • Main Differences Rich nations Poor nations Population (billions) 1 2.3 GDP per capita 30,000 2,100 Human Development Index High Low Annual population growth rate (%): 1996-2004 0.8 2.4 Annual growth rate of GDP per capita (%): 1966- 2004 2.4 1.8 Total fertility rate (TFR) 1.8 3.7 Adult literacy (%) > 95 58 (female litereacy) (%) (> 95) ( 48 ) Index of government corruption Low High Life expectancy at birth (years) 78 58 Under 5 mortality (per 1000) 7 120 Rural population (% of total population) 10 70 Agriculture's share in GDP (%) 5 25 Source: World Bank Table 1: Various economic and demographic metrics for rich and poor nations.
  9. 9.  Prevention of overexploitation of land, oceans & ground water  Utilization of more energy sources  Development of sustainable cities  Mitigate the impact of natural and man-made disasters
  10. 10. The comprehension of severity of the problem called growth of world population is very significant as assist in finding out new methods of sustaining the economic growth. Everyone should understand that population growth is a serious problem that should be solved by the utilization of the appropriate methods, sustaining economic growth.

Notas

  • A reason for the increased demand of people is the exponential growth of the world's human population as shown in the diagram below. As more of the developing world becomes more industrialized, the more energy humans will need.
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