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Lithium Ion Battery - Reuse & Recycling_Blu-Smart_19.09.2019

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Blu-Smart as an Electric Vehicle Fleet Aggregator has presented views on Lithium-Ion Batteries - Reuse, and Recycling for same. The presentation also elaborates on the EV financing challenges, market of secondary LiB, measures & policies to strengthen the secondary battery market. (click here to read more)

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Lithium Ion Battery - Reuse & Recycling_Blu-Smart_19.09.2019

  1. 1. Presentation On Lithium Ion Batteries (LIB) - Reuse and Recycling Electric Vehicle Fleet Aggregator
  2. 2. • Blu Smart is reinventing urban mobility. • We are bringing together and aggregating the world's most innovative mobility concepts under a single mobility platform [under one roof] : – Ride-Sharing, – Car-Sharing and – Shared-Charging. BLU SMART MOBILITY (All Electric Cab) Blu Smart™ is a 100% electric vehicles powered smart mobility and smart charging platform. We provide 100% Electric, Zero Tailpipe Emission, Zero Surge Price, Zero Driver Cancellation, Noiseless Premium Sedan Ride experience. Blu Smart™ is a sharing economy solution for modern urbanites who want access to flexible and affordable mobility. We are building an ecosystem for multi-modal zero emission smart mobility and smart charging solutions. With Blu Smart™ – the customer always gets the most affordable and the most convenient way to get to their destination.
  3. 3. Anmol Singh Jaggi (Co-founder, Blu Smart Mobility) • Built one of the World’s Largest Solar Platforms for Project Engineering, Design, Consulting, Advisory, Operations, Project Management • Has executed and overseen 20GW+ of Renewable Energy installations globally across 13 Countries. • Earned his B.Tech from University of Petroleum & Energy Studies. • Has been accoladed with “Business World Young Entrepreneur Award” as one of the Top Business Leaders in India. • Responsible for operations and growth strategy at Blu Smart Mobility.
  4. 4. Current Challenges With EV Fleet Financing Various challenges for Financing of EV Fleet are: – Lock-In period is equal to life of vehicles with lease agencies – Long term guarantees to be given. – High level of securities to be submitted. – Asset is non-fungible between users – Lack of operational knowledge with financers – Perceive notion about high capex, charging infra and charging time. – Uncertainty in the Resell Value of EV because of under-developed Secondary market of Batteries, less auto parts in EV, etc. Statistics even in presence of challenges : • First million EVs took 20 years to sell; • Next million took 18 months; • Third million took 8 months. • Sales surpassed 4 million units current year. • Projected to grow to 11 million globally by 2025, according to BNEF
  5. 5. Expected Market of EV Batteries As per the Global Battery Alliance Report on LIB End of Life Market, about 50 % of the batteries that reach end-of-life find their way to recyclers around the world. The reasons for this are many: batteries are stored or hoarded, they are disposed of but not recycled, or they are reused in other applications
  6. 6. Blu-Smarts View on Secondary Market For LIB Automotive Service Post-Auto Battery Assessment Repurposing Second Use Application Recycling Original Manufacture Secondary use  No defined market  Transparent pricing to be provided for LIBs  After utilization in EVs for 3-4 years, LIBs can be used for second life with resized lower capacity like Domestic utilization for another (3-4 years) eg Tesla wall.  After secondary utilization, batteries can be recycled eg. Urban mining etc. Assured, Upfront Buyback
  7. 7. Measures & Policies to Strengthen Secondary Market For LIB • Automotive and Battery Original Equipment Manufacturers – Automotive and battery OEMs should include onboard diagnostic capabilities that accurately track the state of health of individual cells. – This will enable accurate identification of a battery's value and its viability for second use service. • Renewable Energy System Integrators: – Systems integrators should work to develop Energy Storage System (ESS) solutions from repurposed EV batteries that minimize integration, balance of system, and installation costs. – The use of the off-grid solar/wind power in conjunction with energy storage substantially enhances the utilization of renewable energy generation units. • Utilities and Regulators: – Utilities and regulators should develop policies that encourage the use of ESS, particularly as peaker plant replacements through Ancillary Services, and that will support access to sufficiently large markets for repurposed batteries. – Enabling the use of assets with durations as little as 1 hour would also be helpful.
  8. 8. Policy Objectives for EVs In India • Main objectives of Policies should be : – Bridging the viability gap, – Enabling charging infrastructure buildout, – Encourage domestic manufacturing, – Creating public awareness. • Policy Measures and Mechanism Options: Policy Measure Mechanism Creating Eco-system Charging Infrastructure, Domestic Manufacturing Fiscal Measures GST, Income Tax Credit, Road Tax, Low Interest Loan, Accelerated Depreciation Demand Aggregation Taxi Fleets, 3-Wheelers, Buses Business Model Vehicle Leasing, Battery Leasing, Battery Swapping Regulatory Provisions Permits, EV Only Eco-Sensitive Zones Demand Incentive FAME India, Direct Benefit Transfer
  9. 9. Thank You Fleet of Smart All Electric Cabs