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Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (UBC & UAP)s

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Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (UBC & UAP)s

  1. 1. Invited Lecture on BIBLIOGRAPHIC CONTROL: Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC) and Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) Dr.M.ANJAIAH, Asst.Professor (Sr. Scale) Dept. of Library and Information Science DRAVIDIAN UNIVERSITY-KUPPAM Mobile No.: 9908694950 Email: anjaiahlib@gmail.com Date: 7th January,2020 1
  2. 2. Layout of the Topic • Introduction • IFLA- Programmes-UBC and UAP (Core) • Meaning and Definitions of Bibliographic Control and UAP • History & Development of UBC and UAP • Need and Importance of UBC and UAP • Aims and Objectives of UBC and UAP • UBC and UPA- Its Activities/Programmes • Conclusion 1/7/2020 2
  3. 3. International Federation of Library Associations and Institution-IFLA • IFLA was established in 1927 at Edinburgh, Scotland. In 1971, the Head Quarter was shifted at Netherland, the Hague. • IFLA is a Non-Governmental, Not-For-Profit, an International Organization. • IFLA- provides, Information Specialists to the World, with a forum for exchange Ideas, and Promoting International Co-Operation, Research, and also development in all fields of library and its services 1/7/2020 3
  4. 4. IFLA-Core Programmes: UBC and UPA (1969-2003) • Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC) and Universal Availability of Publications (UAP). Initiated in the 1970s by IFLA, Netherland, • The programme played a key role in the development of a universal Machine-Readable Format ( MARC-I &II) for the exchange of bibliographic information. 1/7/2020 4 IFLA-Core Programmes: UBC and UPA (1970-2003)
  5. 5. Universal Bibliographic Control-UBC • Meaning and Definitions of Universal Bibliographic Control • History & Development of UBC • Need of the UBC • Tools for Universal Bibliographic Control • Aims and Objectives of UBC • UBC Its Activities/Programmes • Conclusion 1/7/2020 5
  6. 6. UBC: Meaning of Bibliographic Control • Bibliographic Control may be called as information organization or bibliographic organization. • It means, in simple, complete record of the existence and location of all documents • The identification, description, analysis, and classification of books and other materials of communication so that they may be effectively organized, stored, retrieved, and used when needed • Bibliographic control comprises, the creation, storage, manipulation, and retrieval of bibliographic data. Cataloguers produce the tools that are necessary for bibliographic control to function. • ----- Larry Osborne 1/7/2020 6
  7. 7. History & Development of UBC • 15th Century: List of Clay tablets & Papyrus: Birth of Catalogue • 1565, First Bibliography: Bibliotheca Universalis : Konard Gesner • 17th Century: Francis Bacon & John Milton: Encyclopedic Man. In 1565 • 1950: UNESCO & LA: Bibliographical Services • Def.: The mastery over written and published records which is provided by and for the purposes of bibliography. • First Time used by: Dr. Luther Evans in Bulletin of Bibliography , 1964. • Library of Congress: used in academic syllabus as part-IV, Part, A: Bibliographic Control and Services,1964 • Paul Otlet & Henri La Fontaine (Balgarian Lawers) : Universal Bibliography • UBC: concept Name by Dr. Herman Liebaers (IFLA, President) • Dorothy Anderson: International system for the exchange of bibliographical Information & promote uniformity in Headings & Descriptions.1/7/2020 7
  8. 8. Need of the Bibliographic Control • Growth of Literature: 3-7% in 1981- 1994 & From 1994 To 2019: 2.3 Per year (Scopus) • Need to Identify the title of an Item (Print or Non-Print) • Sources needed to Identification and verification the Item or location of the Item Levels form Local to International & Highly- Writing Material output & Faster Publication 1/7/2020 8
  9. 9. Tools of Bibliographic Control (4) Bibliographic tools are used to compile more or less comprehensive lists of the existing literature on a Particular subject or a topic. Bibliographic Control Tools: 4 Types: • Bibliographies: Ex. INB • Databases—Ex. LISA • Catalogues : Ex. : Title, Author • Indexes: Ex. Scopus, Google Scholar MODERN TOOLS: There are two electronic bibliographic Tools: 1. Static 2. Modular1/7/2020 9
  10. 10. Usefulness of UBC • Catalog codes such as the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition, • Sears List of Subject Headings - SLSH • Classification Schemes-Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC-23 ed. Web Edition) • to make them more useful to classify documents accurately by the Library Professionals. 1/7/2020 10
  11. 11. Aims and Objectives of UBC • The Promotion of a worldwide system for the control and exchange of bibliographic information. • To make universally and promptly available, in a form which id internationally acceptable, basic bibliographic data on all publications issued in all countries.1/7/2020 11
  12. 12. Essential and Need of Requirements for UBC • Need a Authoritative Organisation-UNESCO and IFLA • It is an International programme, and it Depends upon on efficient National Bibliographic Agencies (NBA) • NBA- Create the Authoritative Bibliographic Record For Each New Publication issued in the country • Publish those records with the shortest possible delay as a National Bibliography • Produce and Distribute the records in a standard physical from..cards, machine readable form, 1/7/2020 12
  13. 13. National Bibliographic Control-NBC • This is a National Bibliographical description “Item of the Literature” in physical form as the Bibliographic record. • It maintains the National Libraries National Bibliography: It is the National Bibliography, which, considered the basic tool for promoting of bibliographic records, and, establishing the early of the IFLA International Office for UBC. 1/7/2020 13
  14. 14. Dorothy, Anderson said that, National Component of the UBC system should normally be the national library receiving all types of published documentary material by legal deposit and hence, maintaing the national collection, and ; within the national library the functions relating to bibliographic control should be performed by an organisational unit; the national bibliographic agency, which will make the authoritative bibliographic record for each item added to that collection and will carry out all the functions associated with the production of the record, that is, produce the National Bibliography. 1/7/2020 14
  15. 15. Best Example: About IndCat: (India) • The development of Union Databases of various library resources i.e. Books, Theses and Serials have been one of the most important activities of the Centre since its inception. • In the beginning, the Centre has funded potential universities of the country for creating bibliographic records of their library collections. 1/7/2020 15
  16. 16. Status of Bibliographic Records-7.1.2020 • Books: 9296347 (188-Universities) • Serials: 35234 (425- Universities) • Theses: 439019 (229- Universities) 1/7/2020 16
  17. 17. INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS • The basic purpose of UBC is to promote bibliographic information globally by following some international standards • IFLA, UNESCO & ISO were involved for maintaining some of the “Standard settings” to maintain standards. 1/7/2020 17
  18. 18. The Description & Standards • Paris Principles/Statement of Principles: (Discussed at National & International seminars on Cataloguing Codes , nearly-200), ICP-1960 & ICCP-1961) • The International Meeting of Cataloguing Experts (ICME) held in 1999. It was in Published ISBD-1971 • At present, all countries are following the below Rules/Standards. • 1/7/2020 18
  19. 19. The International Standards • ISBD0(G-General) • ISBD-Monograph/s • ISBD-Serials • ISBD-CM-Cartographic Materials • ISBD-NBM- Non- Book Materials • ISBD-Antiquarian • ISBD (PM)- Printed Music ISBD-(CF) Computer Files (MARC-21) 1/7/2020 19
  20. 20. The data elements may be required in a , comprehensive record of a document are grouped into; • 1. Authorship-Heading • 2. Description of the Item- (in physical form) • 3. The International Numbering • 4. Subject Content THE DATA ELEMENTS-4 1/7/2020 20
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  22. 22. AACR-II (1978)- Data Elements 1/7/2020 22
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  24. 24. Machine Readable Bibliographic Records: • The objective of UBC programme is to create machine record as one automated system in such a way that it can be immediately available and usable in automated library systems in all countries • Hence, to accept uniformly, it is necessary to have accepted standards for the machine structure of the records and for labelling the various elements that make up the comprehensive contents of the record. 1/7/2020 24
  25. 25. The Internationally Accepted Standards- Regional, National, International exchange formats • ISO-2709 • UNIMARC • UNISIST- 1981 • CCF-Common Catalogue Format • UBC and International MARC programme (UBCIM) • MARC-I (1971) (Henriette Avram developed MARC in the 1960s) • MARC-II- MARC 21, created in 1999 1/7/2020 25
  26. 26. The International Standard Format-MARCXML-MARC-21 • XML schema based on the common MARC 21 standards. MARCXML was developed by the Library of Congress. The MARCXML primary design goals included: • Simplicity of the schema • Flexibility and extensibility • Lossless and reversible conversion from MARC • Data presentation through XML style sheets • MARC records updates and data conversions through XML transformations • Existence of validation tools • 1/7/2020 26
  27. 27. UBC- International standards for Bibliographic Information SOUL (Software For University Libraries)- MARC-21 Format ( UGC- Inflibnet) 1/7/2020 27
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  30. 30. Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) ALL DOCUMENTS FOR ALL • Introduction • Meaning and Definitions UAP • History & Development of UAP • Aims and Objectives of UAP • UAP Programmes-Publishing & Research • UAP-New Programmes • Conclusion 1/7/2020 30
  31. 31. INTRODUCTION • The Universal Availability of publications (UAP) is the second important programme of IFLA. • This programme is intended to promote the International inter-lending of publications by increasing their availability and obtaining them speedily. 1/7/2020 31
  32. 32. The UAP was originally, conceived by the committee on International-Lending and Union Catalogues, Maurice M.B. Line Defined-Improved Access to Bibliographical Information On Publications must be matched by improved access to Publications. Citation s 6298 1005 h-index 34 16 i10- index 131 23 1/7/2020 32
  33. 33. Meaning & Definition of UAP • Every published document, whenever and wherever published should be available to anyone who wants it and at the place where he wants it-its presence in a reference collection far from away from the user, is not enough. • As said by.. Donald Urquhart, UBC is nouse, and it was indeed frustrating to extend bibliographical control and provide a faster, more complete supply of references, if the documents to which they referred to could not be obtained.1/7/2020 33
  34. 34. History and Development of UAP (1973-2003) • UAP, was orginated fro IFLAs meeting at Grenoble in 1973. • Developbed by Donald Urquhart, who was the poineer and credit goes to him, because, he innovated in the Post-war Librarianship. • Due to non-availability of World Bibliographic Information, he was stressed in the Western Europe seminar on “ Library Inter-lending, which was held in Banbury in 1973. 1/7/2020 34
  35. 35. • In 1974, 40th IFLA Annual Conference established the concept UAP, which was proposed by Donald Urquhart. • In 1976, Maurice Le Line, presented a paper on Universal Availability of Publications at World Wide seminar, Seoul. • From 1981 onwards UAP activities started regularly. • IFLA is funding for this UAP Programme to its International Office, Boston Spa, London. 1/7/2020 35
  36. 36. Aims and Objectives of UAP • To make available ALL THE PUBLICATIONS TO ALL PEOPLE by increasing the availability and speed of inter-lending services and by developing simple and efficient procedures. • The ultimate aim should be to ensure that all individuals throughout the world are able to obtain for personal use any publication whenever or wherever published either in origional or in copy , which means freedom of Information at all levels from LOCAL TO THE INTERNATIONAL. 1/7/2020 36
  37. 37. REQUIREMENTS- As mentioned by Stubbs, Stuart and Simpson • Publishers in each country seek to match their publishing and distribution programmes closely with national and international requirements by soliciting manuscripts and by selecting form un-soliciting manuscripts. • Effective trade channels br developed to ensure the prompt availability of material to consumers. • The libraries, documentation centres and achieves develop effective policies and procedures for the acquisition of material whether by purchase, gift or exchange to serve present and future needs. •1/7/2020 37
  38. 38. UAP- Its Activities & Publications PUBLICITY-The publicity is needed to draw attention to the various problems of UAP • Research: They must publish periodically the latest developments in publishing. PUBLICATIONS: 1. UAP- Maurice Line and Stephen Vickers (1983) 2. Journal and UAP news letter-1983 (Half Yearly) 1/7/2020 38
  39. 39. IFLA -New Programmes -1986 Objective: To promote among libraries the electronic transfer of data across the boarders for storage and processing by a computer. New Programmes • Universal Dataflow and Telecommunications (UDI) • Preservation and Conservation (PAC) • UBC + UAP- UAI (Universal Availability of INFORMATION 1/7/2020 39
  40. 40. C O N C L U S IO N • The IFLA`s contribution to the Digital world is that the All The Bibliographic Information is available to each and everyone, i.e. GLOBAL CITIZEN at their desk top/Palmtop at 24X7 Free-of-Cost, through its NOVEL PROGRAMMES.. UBC AND UAP • It is remarkable contribution to the Digital World with Digital Information 1/7/2020 40
  41. 41. UBC- Status of Indian Scenario • The National Library, Kolkatta (now at New Delhi,2011)- Bibliography on Ontology (56 V) • Indian National Bibliography (INB):National Bibliography in Indian Literature (4V) , 60,000 Books) • INSDOC: Indian Science Abstract-ISA), Unatalogues of Periodicals in S & T, Russian literature. • AIU- Bibliography Indian Doctoral Theses(1857- to till date)1/7/2020 41
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  45. 45. 1/7/2020 45 THANK YOU VERY MUCH