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UCW global presentation 2018.pptx

  1. Women’s Labour, Decent Work and Public Services Presentation for ActionAid International Global Campaign Nancy Kachingwe
  2. Women’s Labour • Labour – can be a source of empowerment or exploitation. • Labour is key to economic production and profit = exploitation • Our labour is our best available means to attain our material and emotional apsirations. • Choices in how we are able to use our labour is defined by gender, race, caste, class, location etc. • Labour vs work? We want to look at the totality of the work that women do: paid/unpaid, visible/invisible, intellectual, physical, emotional • Neoliberal economic system and the treatment of women’s labour: • exclusion, • exploitation • inequality • externalisation
  3. Labour and human rights • Women’s labour should benefit from the same rights accorded within the human rights framework: • UDHR: Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. • Equal pay to equal work (some work is more equal than others!) • Remuneration ensuring and existence worthy of dignity • Form or join unions in protection of one’s interests • Safe healthy working conditions • Rest, leisure and reasonable limitation of working hours • Social security and social insurance • Special protection to mothers before and after childbirth • Adequate food, clothing and housing and continuous improvement of living conditions • Highest attainable standard of physical and mental health
  4. Women’s Labour : Issues - 1 • Globally women’s total labour force participation rate = 49.4% (high regional variations – (64% in SubSaharan Africa - 28% in South Asia) • This means the (unpaid) work done by 50% of women is not counted at all, ie. they are neither employed or unemployed. • 70-79% of women express an preference to work at paid jobs • Regarding the other half of women in the workforce: • 13.6% enjoy wage and salaried employment vs 24.3% of men • 76% of workers in developing countries are in vulnerable forms of employment • 40.1% are working in extreme poverty • 26.2% are in the moderate working poverty rate.
  5. Women’s labour – Issues 2 • Globally: labour trends moving towards more informalised, precarious and vulnerable employment. • Economic crisis + race to the bottom economic policies = cheap labour to attract investment • Exclusion of women from large parts of the labour market. Women employed mostly in: agricultural work, social and domestic sectors, trade. 30-55% of women in some developing regions are contributing family workers • Construction and transport, storage, communication, public administration and defence: highest concentration of male workers…. • Feminised occupations and work = lower pay and working conditions. • Invisibility of paid and unpaid care work: growing rise in migrant domestic and care workers; rising numbers of domestic workers in some regions (eg. Latin America)
  6. Women’s labour – Issues - 3 • Total number of women in informal employment: • Major sectors to consider: • Domestic work • Traders, vendors, micro-entrepreneurs • Home workers • Rural and agricultural workers • Waste pickers • Challenges: financial insecurity and exploitation, violence and harassment, access to finance, technology, health and safety, isolation • Migrant workers (rural/urban and transnational) now includes equal numbers of women • ILO Recommendation 204 (2015) Transition from informal to formal economy.
  7. From cheap labour to decent Work The decent work agenda: a guiding framework for changing women’s world of work Pillars of Decent Work Agenda • Promoting employment • Respecting and realizing rights at work • Developing and enhancing measures of social protection • Social dialogue and tripartism • Translating the decent work agenda to address specificities of women’s labour/work • Valuing reproductive labour correctly • Recognising and eliminating gender, race, class and other forms of discrimination • Enabling new/alternative forms of organizing • Increased public investment
  8. Public services • Public services are a must to address the global employment crisis and inequalities—especially for the youth unemployment. • Public services are a must for the realization of women to achieve their right to work with dignity and security • Redistribution of women’s unpaid care burden from household to the state is a matter of gender justice. • Climate crisis requires reorganizing policy priorities which require public intervention… requires designing just and feminist transitions.
  9. Institutional analysis • UN system and the Sustainable Development Goals • Moblising around Goal 8 (Decent Work) • Joining 2030 coalitions around health, education, water, food emphasizing women’s labour • Climate justice • ILO • ILO Centenary in 2019 • Future of work, green initiative, women’s initiative • ILO Convention on Elimination of Gender Based Violence in the Workplace (2018-2020) • Strengthening the Human Rights Framework • Binding Treaty on Business and Human Rights • ESCR rights and the right to development • World Bank/IMF/WTO + G7/G20 • Global economic governance and corporate power • Public private partnerships • Hyper globalisation