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Population & Work
Which is the type of work found in
developed economies?
vocabulary
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Growth
Underground economy
Skills
Know-how
Source of
Productivity
Training
Worke...
Unemployment rates

• Year 2010

Notes
*Data from January 2012, latest available.
Source: Eurostat, March 2012
Credit: Nel...
Mediterranean labour market
Unemployment rate by category, Q1 2012

Strongly affected by the
sovereign debt crisis, the
Me...
Types of paid employment
• Work for an employer
• Cooperatives
• Self-employment
Unemployment
problem
•
•
•
•

Cyclical
Seasonal
Structural
Technological
Definitions Unemployment
Structural unemployment occurs due to
the structural changes within an
economy. This type of unem...
Massive job loss cause:
• Decrease in
consumption
• Decrease in tax
collection
• Increase in
underground economy
• People´...
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Population & work

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Introduction to Work & Employment
3ºESO Spanish curriculum

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Population & work

  1. 1. Population & Work Which is the type of work found in developed economies?
  2. 2. vocabulary • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Growth Underground economy Skills Know-how Source of Productivity Training Workers council Unemployed Self-employed Labour market Employer Employee Trade/Labour union Collective bargaining • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Fuente de Mercado laboral Empleador/empresa Empleado Negociación colectiva Consejo de trabajadores autónomo Sindicato Formación Desempleado Crecimiento Economía sumergida Productividad Destrezas y conocimiento Habilidades/capacidad Competitivo
  3. 3. Unemployment rates • Year 2010 Notes *Data from January 2012, latest available. Source: Eurostat, March 2012 Credit: Nelson Hsu/NPR
  4. 4. Mediterranean labour market Unemployment rate by category, Q1 2012 Strongly affected by the sovereign debt crisis, the Mediterranean countries display unemployment rates among the highest in Europe, in particular for the youth. In Spain and in Greece, one out of two people under 25, in the workforce, is unemployed.
  5. 5. Types of paid employment • Work for an employer • Cooperatives • Self-employment
  6. 6. Unemployment problem • • • • Cyclical Seasonal Structural Technological
  7. 7. Definitions Unemployment Structural unemployment occurs due to the structural changes within an economy. This type of unemployment occurs when there is a mismatch of skilled workers and occupational vacancies in the labor market. Some of the causes of the structural unemployment are geographical immobility (difficulty in moving to a new work location), occupational immobility (difficulty in learning a new skill) and technological change (introduction of new techniques and technologies that need less labor force). Structural unemployment depends upon the growth rate of an economy and also on the structure of an industry. Cyclical Unemployment: Cyclic unemployment occurs when there is an economic recession. When there is a downturn in an economy, the aggregate demand for goods and services decreases and demand for labor decreases. At the time of recession, unskilled and surplus laborers become unemployed. Seasonal Unemployment: A type of unemployment that occurs due to the seasonal nature of the job is known as seasonal unemployment. The industries that are affected by seasonal unemployment are hospitality and tourism industries and also the fruit picking and catering industries.
  8. 8. Massive job loss cause: • Decrease in consumption • Decrease in tax collection • Increase in underground economy • People´s behaviour changes (young people cannot become independent, emigration, decrase in birth rate)

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