3. Gender identity is the
personal sense of one’s
own gender .
Gender identity can
correlate with sex at birth ,
or can differ from it
Males and females , a
gender binary system and
which includes expectations
of masculinity and
femininity in all aspects of
sex and gender : biological
sex , gender identity , and
gender expression .
4. Understanding the concept of gender .
Learning gender role standards and
Identifying with parents .
Forming gender preferences .
5. Biological Factors :
Several prenatal , biological factors ,including genes
and hormones , may effect gender identity .
The biochemical theory of gender identity suggests
that people acquire gender identities through such
factors rather than socialization .
Harmonal influences are also complex ; sex
determining hormones are produced at an early
stage of fetal development
6. Gender role :
Gender identify also has a
strong relation with social
and environment factors ;
such factors would mostly
include the attitudes of the
parents raising the child
and their culture.
Children learn from
observation and will repeat
the things they see .
7. Career transition is the area where gender identity
work is prevalent , career changed is the moving from a
victim position and adopting temporary position as an
active and heroic career .
Need of career change can happen when the reason for
not being able to feel authentic at work , due to gender .
The struggle between conflicting identity , position may
invoke negotiation between an identity position in which
one has been placed .
NATURE Vs NATURE
Social factors which may influence gender identity include
ideas regarding gender roles conveyed by family ,
authority figures, mass media, and other influential
people in child’s life .
8. IN past , girls
allowed to do
like playing with
dolls and boys to
aggressive . But
now time has
9. Personality trait – women are expected to be
passive while males , self confident .
Domestic trait – women child care , male household
Occupational trait – women-nurses ,males-doctors
Physical appearance – women – short & graceful
,males – tall , broad shouldered .
11. With changing tradition the roles of gender
are also changing & seems to be difficult .
Women become more ambitious and
independent & men are more emotional and
involved in household tasks .
Most of men consider woman’s career as a
conflicting sources because they think
women will neglect their family, increase in
professional competition &risk of
deterioration of marital relation .
12. In many societies family system is gender
biased & everyone has their specific roles.
But in today’s modern life women & men
share their responsibilities & do everything
mutually whether it is household work or
All live together , take decisions together
criticizing and encouraging mutually & yet
being independent and responsible .
13. The modern social structure sees both men
and women as equal partners of the society
with equal rights , status and
The aspect of equality will give rise to
certain issues too ,’who is to direct? who is
If not handled well , the family become like
a vehicle steered to different directions .
14. # Family is not just an institution of many people
living together under one roof ; but the union of
similar minded and mutually loving people
boundwith certain duties & responsibilities.
#the gender role structure was designed to help the
people accept their duties . But today , both parents
are working and earning . Now the role of
homemaker becomes no one’s responsibilities.
15. The state sets the framework within which couples live in a
legal relationship called marriage , it determines the age of
consent to sexual intercourse, it makes certain kinds of
intercourse criminal act , it forbids or regulates the grounds
on which abortions can be undertaken legally .
The courts set some rules and regulations which determines
what happens when a marriage breaks up .
Discrimination and oppression persist ensuring that
appearance , trait ,roles and responsibilities ascribed to
women are consistently undermined and marginalized in
comparision to typically masculine attribute and roles .
16. Media and gender refers to
the relationship between
media and gender , and how
gender is represented within
These platforms include but
are not limited to film
,television ,journalism and
Initiatives and resources
exist to promote gender
equality and reinforce
women’s empowerment in the
media industry and
17. Numbers of women in
media professions, such
as journalism, is
growing ; however, the
media is and has been
by men , who hold the
vast majority of power
Studies show that
men are more likely
to be quoted than
women in the media
, and more likely to
cover “serious ”
18. Studies have found that although the number of
women working in the media has been
increasing globally , the top positions are still
very male dominated.
Female journalists are more likely to be
assigned ‘soft’ subjects such as family , lifestyle,
fashion and arts
The ‘hard’ news, politics and the economy, is
much less likely to be written or covered by
19. Creating a school that nurtures
academic achievement , provides
physical and emotional safety and
welcomes all students and families
are goals common to all educators.
One way to do this is to create a
gender expansion environment
where all the students can thrive
and learn to their fullest potential.
There are to traits or characters
that are exclusively possessed by
boys or girls.
20. In daily work and life with children , educator and
parents often identify difference between girls and boys
that seems to develop without gender cues or overt
Sometimes this may be true . Other times , the coding
for the behavior may have become so culturally
accepted and patterned that we might not be able to
identify it’s social origins.
By the age of 2-3 , children able to label themselves as
girls and boys.
By the age of 3-4 they can identify the typical
occupation of men and women.
By age of 5-7 they often draw rigid boundaries between
sexes in their efforts to understand the binary gender
system . Girls are expected to like ribbons and dresses
and enjoy quiet play .
21. For both boys and girls , the more traditional
assumption about what it means to be and how
you should behave as a girl , the rates of
For girls , adolescent pregnancy tends to be
higher, and for boys , beliefs in coercive
behavior in relationship with girls in higher .
Holding these very traditional stereotypes about
yourself as a boy or a girl is not healthy at all .