• PRESENTD BY :-
• FIRSTYEAR M.PHARM.
• DEPARTMENT OF QUALITYASSURANCE.
Institute of Pharmaceutical Science
Kurukshetra university kurukshetra
Technology transfer is the practice of transferring scientific findings from
one organization to another for further development.
Which is mainly concerned with the transfer of technology from the
research areas to the “Production and Quality Assurance” environment.
The process by which existing knowledge , facilities or capabilities
developed under R & D are utilized to fulfill public and private need.
It is the process bywhich a developerof technology makes its
technology available to commercial partner that will exploit
Technologytransfer is the intersection between business, science,
engineering, lawand government.
Reasons for Technology Transfer4
Lack of manufacturing capacity.
Lack of resources to launch productcommercially.
Lack of marketing and distributioncapability.
Form technologyalliance toexploit each other’sstrength.
Technology Transfer Agents
• Public Research Centers.
• Technology Institutes
• Supplierof technology
and R&D to third parties.
• Large R&D department
TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY5
that currently is
1)EMERGING TECHNOLOGY- It is a technology
undergoing batch scale testing.
2)INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY- It is a technology that the underthe scale
It is a technology which already
established in market.
CONTENT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER5-6
Proper Research – By proper researchwe mean firstly that in which
the resultare reproducibleand issuessuch as scale up.
Properwork - This refer towork should be in properway, so that
properguidancewill available forfurtherdevelopment.
-Too high pricecan putoff buyer, leaving the technology unsold.
- Thereare basically two model regarding pricing
1) Pricecharged fora technologyshould depend upon market force.
2) Pricecharged should includeall expenses involved in developing it.
Publicity – It is important to identify and then approach buyer i.e.
adopt targeted Publicityand not blanket publicity.
Partnership – This means working along with industry. Industry takes
it up, manufacturer and makes available to society. Partnership are
importanttoensureyourtechnology is successfullyadopted.
People’s Acceptance – It is no use trying todevelopa technology
which people will notaccept.
Steps involved in Technology Transfer3
1. Developmentof technology by R & D:
a. Design of procedureand selectionof excipients by R & D
b. Identificationof specification and quality by R & D
2. Technologytransferfrom R & D toproduction:
b. Masterpackaging card.
d. Specifications & standard testprocedure.
3. Optimizationand Production:
b. Scale up forproduction
b. Technology transferplan.
5. Check & Approval:
FUNCTION OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TEAM5
Coordinate- Coordinating between technology users and developers,
between researchers and manufactures is an important element of
Nature- A main ingredient for moving technology from a research
laboratory to a new business enterprise successfully is an environment
that is supportive.
Link- Cataloging resources related to business enterprises and
connecting would be researchers and other technology developers to
outside groups and organizations which can help in the process of
starting new products, companies etc.
Objectives of Technology Transfer
Toofferguidance & assistance to inventors & corporation.
To providea hands-on learning opportunity.
To increase thegeneral awareness.
Toacceleratescale-up and cost reduction.
EXAMPLE OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER7
Chinesecompanyoffertechnology forthe productionof L-
Phenyl alanine by theenzyme method.
# Food industry
INSTITUTE IN INDIA ASSISTING IN TECHNOLOGY
Asia Pacific Centre forTransferof Technology (APCTT)
-APCTT is a regional institution of the United Nations Economic and
Social Commission forAsiaand the Pacific, servicing the Asia-Pacific
-It was established in 1977 with the objective of facilitating technology
transfer in the Asia-Pacific region. The Centre headquartered in New
Delhi with host facilities provided by the Governmentof India.
Technology Bureau for Small Enterprises (TBSE).
National Research & Development Corporation.
Foundation for Innovationand TechnologyTransfer.
In pharmaceutical industry, technology transfer means action to
transferof informationand technologies necessary torealizequalityof
designof drugsduring manufacturing.
In pharmaceutical industry technology transferrefers toThe journey
fromdrug discoveryto full scalecommercialization.
Effective technology transfer helps toprovide process efficiency ,
control and maintain productquality
1. Savant DA. The Pharmaceutical Sciences – Pharma Pathaway. Nirali Prakashan. 8th ed.
Chapter 46, Technology Transfer Guidence; 2010, July: 2.325-2.349.
2. Berry IR. Technology Transfer Consideration for Pharmaceuticals. Encyclopaedia of
Pharmaceutical Technology. Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi; 3rd ed. 2006: 20-30.
3. SinghA,Aggarwal G. Technology Transfer in Pharmaceutical Industry:ADiscussion. Int.J.
of Pharma and Bio Sci; 2010,Jul- Sub. 1(3):1-5.
4. Feifei Y,Yingming Y. Research on Technology Transfer in the Pharmaceutical Industry.
Ind.j. of Pharm. Sci. IPA; 2008, July-Aug; 70(4):11-14.