3. • Organic Chemistry is the scientific study of the structure,
properties, and reactions of organic compounds. Organic
compounds are those which contain carbon
• For conventional reasons metal carbonates, carbon
dioxide and carbon monoxide are not included in organic
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4. Can be isolated as well as prepared in laboratory
Comprise almost 90% of all known compounds.
Mostly built up of only three elements- carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Other elements
like halogen, nitrogen as well as phosphorous are also present but to a lesser extent.
Possess complex structures and high molecular weights
Their properties are decided by certain active atom or group of atoms known as the
They are mostly insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.
They are combustible in nature
Chemical reactions involving organic compounds proceed at slower rates.
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5. Characteristics due to Presence of Covalent Bonds
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Low melting points and boiling points in
comparison to the inorganic compounds.
Organic acids and bases are less stronger and
thus they have a limited dissociation in an
They exhibit the phenomenon of isomerism in
which a single molecular formula represents
several organic compounds differing in physical
and chemical properties.
They are volatile in nature.
6. They’re central to economic growth, and are foundational to the fields of
biochemistry, biotechnology, and medicine.
Examples of where you can find organic compounds include agrichemicals,
coatings, cosmetics, detergent, dyestuff, food, fuel, petrochemicals,
pharmaceuticals, plastics, and rubber.
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