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AMAN MISHRA.pptx

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AMAN MISHRA.pptx

  1. 1. Rashtriya Raksha University National Security is Supreme Subject :Officiating and Coaching Submitted To : Utsav Chawre Sir Subject Specialist Teacher Submitted By Name : Aman Mishra Enrollment no : 210081103611001 course :Bachelor of Physical Education and Sports (BPES) school : School of Physical Education and Sports semester : 3rd second year Date of Submission : 31-10-2022 Mid Semester Assignment
  2. 2. Badminton 1.Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. 2.The game of badminton originated in Siam, China over 2,000 years ago. 3.The Badminton World Federation (BWF; originally the International Badminton Federation), the world governing body of the sport, was formed in 1934 Olympic: 1992– present 4.Early on, the game was also known as Poona or Poonah after the garrison town of Poona, where it was particularly popular and where the first rules for the game were drawn up in 1873. Power of a tournament referee in Badminton Referee can only take the decision regarding things outside the court meaning that other than the matches where an umpire has been appointed, the Tournament referee has influence over it like changing court for a match, schedule ( In emergency), etc. Umpire in Badminton Chair Umpire Service Umpire/Judge Some of the duties of a chair umpire 1.Doing toss of the coin to decide who will serve and who will play on which court 2.Introducing players to the crowd by taking their name on the mic(if provided) 3.Keeping a record of the score during the entire match and telling the same on the mic(if provided) before each serve. 4.Ensuring that the match is conducted in a peaceful manner 5.Checking for net faults (if a player touches the net during a rally) or any other fault except regarding service because it is the duty of service judge 6.Calling mopper(with hand signals) if a player asks for the same ( only if necessary) Powers of Chair umpire He has the power to overrule line judge decision meaning that if he is certain that the decision made by line judge is wrong than it is in his power to change line call from OUT to IN and vice versa. He got the authority to give cards to the player on misconduct, there are three types of card in badminton, yellow(warning), red(gives one point to the opponent), black(disqualify). Service Judge/Umpire in Badminton In badminton, the role of a service Umpire is to incept whether the server is doing the service by the rules determined by BWF. It is important to know that it is he who can give service fault to the player and not the chair umpire, Service judge uses hand signals if a fault is committed by the player to tell chair umpire that a fault has been committed by the server. Hand Signals used by service Judge 1.Foot Fault:- When a player moves during the service or his foot is touching the midcourt line 2.Shuttle above legal height:- If the server hits the shuttle above a height of 1.15m 3.Racket head not pointing down:- If racket head of the server is above or parallel to his racket handle joint(with shaft) 4.Touching feather first:- Your racket face should hit the bottom of the shuttle first. 5.Double action:- the serving player make double action with racket before hitting the shuttle.
  3. 3. Duties of Service Judge 1.To make sure that players are following service rules set by BWF 2.Give shuttle to players for warm-up 3.If chair umpire allows, changing the shuttle to a new one during a match Line Judge in Badminton 1.There are so many lines in a badminton court and chair umpire cannot make the decision on all of the shots that is why there are linemen sitting along the court to see whether a shuttle is IN or OUT. 2.Depending on the level of a tournament, there may be as many as 10 line judges assigned to a court for a particular match. Dimensions of the court Net Height in Badminton 1.1.55 m /5 ft 5 inches at the side of the net 2.1.524 m/5 ft at the center of the net Net width 6.1 m /20 ft whole length of the net from one side another side. Net length 0.36 m /2 ft 6 inches Tournaments in Badminton 1.World Championships 2.Thomas Cup 3.Uber Cup 4.Sudirman Cup 5.Olympic Games in co-operation with International Olympic Committee 6.World Junior Championships 7.BWF World Senior Championships
  4. 4. Cricket 1.Cricket can be described as a sporting combination of strategy, skill and athleticism. The game is contested by two teams of 11 players and involves a bowler delivering a ball at a batsman, who attempts to hit it. 2.The basic game of cricket was played in many formats for hundreds of years, but in 1788 the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) devised the first set of laws. 3.The Marylebone Cricket Club based at Lords Cricket Ground has now gone on to be known as the 'home of cricket' and even today the MCC are the custodians of the laws and make periodic revisions and modifications. Officiating and Officials in Cricket 1.During a competitive game of cricket there are two umpires officiating a match. An umpire is required to enforce the laws of the MCC by making decisions on: no balls,byes,legs byes,wides,boundaries 2.One umpire is positioned behind the stumps at the bowler's end of the pitch and they make decisions on LBW (leg before wicket) appeals, no balls, wides and leg byes. The second umpire stands at square leg and they make decisions on stumpings and run outs. 3.At the end of each over, the umpires change position. 4.Scoring 5.The aim for the batter in cricket is to try to score as many runs as possible throughout their innings. Rules of the Game 1.The winning team in cricket is the side that scores the most runs, although in some situations a draw is recorded if they both get the same number of runs. 2.A cricket team consists of 11 players and they take it in turns to bat and bowl. 3.The bowler must not throw the ball, but bowl the ball overarm at the stumps, which are at either end of a 22-yard area called a wicket. 4.A batter is declared out if the bowler knocks off the bails of the stumps with a delivery. 5.A batter is declared out if a fielder or wicketkeeper catches the ball directly off the bat and before it hits the ground. 6.A batter is declared out if the umpire believes that the bowler's ball would have hit the stumps if the batter had not obstructed the ball with their pads. This is known as leg before wicket (or LBW). 7.A batter is declared run-out when they are going for a run but do not make the batting crease before fielding team knocks off the cricket stumps. 8.A batter is declared out if the wicketkeeper stumps them. 9.A batter is declared out if they knock over their stumps while playing a shot or avoiding a delivery. 10.There are other, less common ways of being out in cricket, but these are quite rare. 11.A batter is declared out if the umpire believes the batter has purposely obstructed a fielder who is about to take a catch or attempt a run-out. 12.The end of an innings is called when 10 of the 11 batting team are given out. At this point, both teams swap over. In competitive games, teams can have one or two innings. Cricket Tournaments 1.ICC Men's T20 World Cup 2.ICC women's championship 3.CWC Challenge Group A 4.CWC Challenge Group B 5.The Icc-CWC Super League 6.International Cricket Council (ICC) India Domestic 1.Duleep Trophy 2.Irani Trophy 3.Ranji Trophy 4.SMATrophy 5.SMATrophy 6.Hazare Trophy
  5. 5. Cricket Ground Position in Cricket Ground Dimension in Pitch Dimension of the Cricket Ground
  6. 6. Kho Kho Championship. School Championship. Mini School Championship. Primary Mini School Championship. National Women Championship. Kho Kho originated in the Maharashtra region of India and in the ancient times was played on chariots and was called Rathera. Rath is the Hindi translation for a chariot. The present version of Kho Kho, played by individuals on foot. Invention of Kho-Kho? 1.The Deccan Gymkhana club of Pune, Maharashtra so named and baptized by the great Indian leader Lokmanya Tilak & Bhai Narorkar drafted the first-ever rules and regulations. 2.The first kho-kho tournaments were organized in 1914, and the first national championship was held in 1959 at Vijayawada under the auspices of the Kho-kho Federation of India (KKFI), which was formed in 1955 Kho Kho Federation of India The first kho-kho tournaments were organized in 1914, and the first national championship was held in 1959 at Vijayawada under the auspices of the Kho-kho Federation of India (KKFI), which was formed in 1955. Kho Kho Tournaments 1.National Kho-Kho Championship. 2.Nehru Gold Cup. 3.Federation Cup. Domestic Seasons and Tournaments are ; National Championship. Junior National. Sub Junior National Kho- Kho Rules (a) There are two teams each comprising of total 12 members. The game has four quarters/turns, each of 9 min. (b)There are only three members of the running team on the field while the eight members of the chasing team take a knee-down position on squares that are drawn through field lines in a preset area between two poles. They sit facing in opposite directions in the cross-lane without cutting the line. One member who is called 'chaser' stands near one pole to chase the runners first. (c)The chaser has to touch or tap the runners whereas the runners try to defend themselves from the chaser to get touched. When the chaser touches all the three runners, three new runners (of the running team that wait in the entry zone area) enter the field, and the game continues. (d)The chasing team members take positions on the cross-lane whereas there are three runners on the field who can run in a field-range determined by two poles. The runners are allowed to run over the cross-lane or change their moving direction while running. (e)The chaser is not allowed to run over the cross-lane or to change the direction while chasing the runners. If it is needed, he has to touch the pole, turn back and continue chasing. (f) Each time, the chaser touches a runner, a point is awarded. (g) The chaser can pass-on his turn to any other sitting player by tapping from behind by pronouncing a term 'Kho'. (h)There are fouls for early Kho, touching without saying Kho, changing direction by the chaser, cutting the cross lane while chasing, getting up without receiving a Kho, or late Kho. (i)If there is a tie, an extra turn is performed in which the winner is one that takes less time to touch one runner on the opposite team. Assistant umpires in Kho Kho (Two) UMPIRES, (One) REFEREE, (One) TIME KEEPER AND (Two) SCORERS.
  7. 7. Dimension of the Kho Kho Ground

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