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1
Outline:
• Geopolitical location of both
• Geography
• Ethnic homogeneity
• Korean war
• Divided families
• Policy
• Econo...
Geopolitical location 3
Geography
Size:
•Roughly equal to Utah
Climate:
•Cold winters
•Hot, wet summers
Topography: Mountainous
Population:
4
5
6
Ethnic Homogeneity
“Racially pure”, Unique race
East Asian or mongoloid racial
group
• Strong sense of racial identity
• S...
Ethnic homogeneity
8
Divided Nation
•Japanese occupation 1910
•Divided in 1945
•After the WWII, Korea split into 2 countries at the 38 parallel...
A brief history of border conflict
between North and South Korea
10
After the war
• Estimates from 3 million to ½ million dead military
on each side
• More than 2 million civilians died in N...
In Pics: North Korea - South Korea
military comparison
12
13
14
15
The arch of Reunification is a sculptural arch located south of Pyongyang,
the capital of Noth Korea.
The concrete arch st...
North, South Korea Trade Fire Along
Border as Tensions Worsen
• North and South Korea exchanged fire across the DMZ in 201...
The politics of North Korea
• Juche
The idea states that an individual is "the master
of his destiny" and that the North K...
Politics of the Republic of Korea
• Government
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Park Geun-hye
• Ex...
South Korean Economy
• Today it is a high-tech industrialized economy.
• Per capita GNP, only $100 in 1963, exceeded $9,80...
Economic Overview
GDP(PPP) $1,541trillion
Real GDP Growth Rate 3.4%(27-10- 2011)
GDP per capita $29,997
Unemployment rate ...
United States' sixth-largest trading partner and is the 12th-largest
economy in the world
South Korea vs. North Korea
Economy
1. Industries:
• electronics,
telecommunications,
automobile production,
chemicals, sh...
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North South Korea

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Publicada em

korean war, economy policy, about koreas

Publicada em: Educação
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North South Korea

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Outline: • Geopolitical location of both • Geography • Ethnic homogeneity • Korean war • Divided families • Policy • Economy 2
  3. 3. Geopolitical location 3
  4. 4. Geography Size: •Roughly equal to Utah Climate: •Cold winters •Hot, wet summers Topography: Mountainous Population: 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Ethnic Homogeneity “Racially pure”, Unique race East Asian or mongoloid racial group • Strong sense of racial identity • Self-identification as distinct from other Asian nations Korean language • Altaic language group • Structurally identical to Japanese • 60% of vocabulary borrowed from Chinese • Distinct from both 1. Not a tonal language 2. Regional dialects – Just like U.S 7
  8. 8. Ethnic homogeneity 8
  9. 9. Divided Nation •Japanese occupation 1910 •Divided in 1945 •After the WWII, Korea split into 2 countries at the 38 parallel •North Korea was communist with leader Kim II-sung and they had the support of Stalin •South Korea was a democratic Republic •Korean war 1950-53 -Enemies -Divided families -No mail, no trade, no visits, no phone calls 9
  10. 10. A brief history of border conflict between North and South Korea 10
  11. 11. After the war • Estimates from 3 million to ½ million dead military on each side • More than 2 million civilians died in North Korea • The 38 parallel remains exactly in place as it was before • There has never been peace treaty, so the Korean war has technically never ended • So the participants signed a cease fire, but not a peace treaty. They still have infiltrations from the North and both sides exchange small arms fire 11
  12. 12. In Pics: North Korea - South Korea military comparison 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. The arch of Reunification is a sculptural arch located south of Pyongyang, the capital of Noth Korea. The concrete arch straddles the multi-laned Reunification Highway leading from Pyongyang to the DMZ. It consists of two Korean women in traditional dress, symbolizing the North and the South 16
  17. 17. North, South Korea Trade Fire Along Border as Tensions Worsen • North and South Korea exchanged fire across the DMZ in 2010 • The incident started when North Korea fired a rocket at a South Korean border area • Two South Korean soldiers were maimed by land mines • Last year, their ships exchanged warning fire near a disputed Yellow Sea boundary. • South Korea has signaled more provocations may come as a key North Korean national celebration approaches in October. • “The situation on the Korean peninsula will certainly become more unstable if North Korea fires a long-range rocket ahead of the Oct. 10 anniversary of the founding of its Workers’ Party,”. 17
  18. 18. The politics of North Korea • Juche The idea states that an individual is "the master of his destiny" and that the North Korean masses are to act as the "masters of the revolution and construction". • Single party under a totalitarian family dictatorship • Absolute monarchy 18
  19. 19. Politics of the Republic of Korea • Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic • President Park Geun-hye • Executive power is exercised by the government • Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly 19
  20. 20. South Korean Economy • Today it is a high-tech industrialized economy. • Per capita GNP, only $100 in 1963, exceeded $9,800 in 2002. • Chaebols - South Korean form of business conglomerate. - Samsung, Hyundai and LG • Earlier - the centrally planned , government-directed investment model • Now - market-oriented 20
  21. 21. Economic Overview GDP(PPP) $1,541trillion Real GDP Growth Rate 3.4%(27-10- 2011) GDP per capita $29,997 Unemployment rate 3.1% Inflation rate (CPI): 4.2%(Nov. 2011) Industry Electronics,Telecommunications,Automobile production,Chemicals Shipbuilding,Steel Trade : Exports Imports 47 Billion USD 43.1 Billion USD Major export markets China (23.2%) U.S. (10.1%) Japan (5.8%) Hong Kong (5.3%) Singapore (3.6%) Major importers China (16.8%) Japan (15.3%) U.S.(9.0%) Saudi Arabia (6.1%) Australia (4.6%).
  22. 22. United States' sixth-largest trading partner and is the 12th-largest economy in the world
  23. 23. South Korea vs. North Korea Economy 1. Industries: • electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel 2. Agriculture – products: • rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish • 1.military products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism • 2. rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, pulses; cattle, pigs, pork, eggs 23

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