Mais conteúdo relacionado


Mode of Transportation

  1. Definition Transport is an activity to move peoples, goods or animals from one place/point of origin, to another place/point of destination. Origin
  2. Definition Transportation is an interconnection complex system that accomodate peoples or goods movement, to move from origin place to the destination, using some types of track, combining with infrastructure, regulations, methods, procedure and etc
  3. Elements of Transportation 1. Hardware - Port/Station (Intermoda Transfer Point) - Way/track (technology of motion, control) - Infrastructure/vehicle ( technology of power)
  4. Elements of Transportation 2. Brainware - Operator - Driver, Pilot
  5. Elements of Transportation 3. Software - Regulation - Institution
  6. Mode of transport Modes of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform transport The most dominant modes of transport are aviation, land transport, which includes rail, road and off-road transport, and ship transport.
  7. Types of modes transportation • Air Transportation • Land transportation
  8. Types of modes transportation • Water Transportation • Pipeline Transportation
  9. Types of modes transportation • Conveyor Belt Transportation • Rail transportation • Cable Transportation
  10. Characteristic of each modes of transportation Air transportation, Air shipment can be done in hours while the other modes of transportation may take days. •Fast •Can’t load much of goods •Expensive •Using for the high value commodities •Need support from the other transportation
  11. Characteristic of each modes of transportation Water Transportation, Water is the oldest mode of transportation. •Cheaper than air transportation •Can load much of commodities/goods •The main advantage of water transport is the capacity to transport extremely large shipments. •Need support from the other transportation
  12. Characteristic of each modes of transportation Land transportation Highway transportation has grown fast since the end of World War II •Flexible •Cheap •ability to operate door to door •have a small fixed investment in terminal facilities and operate on publicly financed and maintained roads. •very flexible because of the ability to operate on many different roadways.
  13. Characteristic of each modes of transportation Rail transportation •Fast •Train specification can load commodities or goods in a big tonnage •Need support from the other transportation
  14. Characteristic of each modes of transportation Pipeline •Limited commodities or goods that can be load (types of commodities) •can be operated in 24 hours a day, 7 days a week •Limited number of commodities carried on the pipe diameter
  15. Characteristic of each modes of transportation conveyor belt •can operated everytime •low fixed cost •Limited number of commodities that can be transporting, depending on the width and power of the engine
  16. Characteristic of each modes of transportation cable •limited, mostly this modes of transportation is carried for people or something like that, for using in tourism activities
  17. Transport Infrastructure  Roads  Railways  Airways  Waterways  Canals • Terminals may be used both for interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance.  Terminal 1. Airport 2. Railway station 3. Bus station 4. Warehouses 5. Trucking terminals 6. Refueling depots 7. seaport
  18. Transport Infrastructure • Roads • Airways • Railways
  19. Transport Infrastructure • Waterways • Canals
  20. Transport Infrastructure Terminal
  21. Transport Funcionality Product Movement, whether in the form of materials, component, work in process, or finished goods, the basic value provided by transportation is to move inventory to next stage of the business process.
  22. Transport Funcionality Product Storage, a less visible aspect of transportation is a product storage, while product is in transportation vehicle it is being stored. Transport vehicle can be also used for product storage or shipment origin or destination. But they are comparatively expensive storage facilities.
  23. The Vehicle • Automobiles • Bicycles • Buses • Trains • Trucks • Peoples • Helicopters • Aircraft
  24. Operations deal with the way the vehicles are operated, and the procedures set for this purpose including financing, legalities and policies. In the transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be either public or private, depending on the country and mode.
  25. Multimodal Transportation of goods by using multiple modes of transport, where’s one carrier organizing the entire process of transport from the place of origin by one or more interfaces or transfer point to the destination
  26. Unimoda Transportation of goods by using one modes transportation, by one carrier or more than one carriers.
  27. The five pillars of SCM efficiency 1. Optimise resources Efficiency encompasses within its gamut, operational and resource optimisation, wherein the investment is easily recovered in terms of profit and sales.
  28. The five pillars of SCM efficiency 2. Managing fulfilling costs Making a promise of a delivery of goods and keeping your word is at the base of supply chain management
  29. The five pillars of SCM efficiency 3. Managing finances Finances should be taken care in terms of labour management, hiring of transport, storage of inventory, secure warehousing and delivery on time.
  30. The five pillars of SCM efficiency 4. Adoption of technology some of the technologies a retailer can adopt to ensure inventory delivery on time and with the required amount of security.
  31. The five pillars of SCM efficiency 5. Improving environment variables To keep in account the weather changes, truckers strikes, riots and natural climates is crucial while managing a supply chain.
  32. Thank you