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Doors and windows

learn more about different types of doors and windows

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Doors and windows

  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • Doors may be defined as moveable/openable barrier secured in a wall opening. • Window is a vented barrier secured in a wall opening.
  4. 4. TYPES OF DOOR 1. BATTENED AND LEDGED DOOR • These door consists of vertical boards called battens which are nailed or screwed to the horizontal members, called ledges. •Battens are about 15 to 18cm wide and 2 to 3cm thick. • Ledge are 10 to 20cm wide and 3cm thick.
  5. 5. 2. FRAME AND PANELLED DOOR • Panel door consist of vertical members called styles and horizontal members called rails. • Styles and rails form the framework into which panels are inserted • Panel is fit into a groove or rebate. • Panel thickness is about 20mm and number of panels varies from 1 to 6.
  6. 6. 3.GLAZE OR SASH DOOR • These are usually provided where additional light is required to the room / space. • They can be fully glazed or partly glazed.
  7. 7. 4.FLUSH DOOR • These door consists of solid or hollow core covered on both sides with plywood. • These are easy to construct, cost effective and better durability.
  8. 8. 5. LOUVERED DOOR • These has fixed or movable wooden louvered which permit free ventilation through them and at the same time maintain the privacy of the room.
  9. 9. 6. WIRE GAUGED DOOR • Wire gauge or fly proof door shutters are fixed to provide free air circulation and prevent flies and insects entering into the building.
  10. 10. 7. REVOLVING DOOR •A revolving door consists of a central support to which usually four wings/leaves are attached. •These are provided where there is constant foot traffic which helps in entrance to one and exit to the other person.
  11. 11. 8. SLIDING DOOR •These doors are either mounted on or suspended from a track which opens horizontally. • These type of door consist of one or more panels which can slide either one side or both the sides.
  12. 12. 9.SWING DOOR •These doors swings on a double hinge which opens in either direction. • The doors are not rebated at the meeting styles.
  13. 13. TYPES OF WINDOW 1. FIXED WINDOW • A window that cannot be opened and whose function is limited to allowing light to enter. • Glass pane is permanently fixed in the opening of the wall • No ventilation is possible through fixed window.
  14. 14. 2.CASEMENT WINDOW • They are used singly or in pairs within a common frame. • A casement window consists of a frame, horizontal rails, panels or glass panels. • Operates like a hinged door except that it opens and closes with a lever inside the window.
  15. 15. 3.SLIDING WINDOW • In this type of window, the shutter slides with the help of runners. • The shutter of this type of window consist of one or more panels which can slide on one or both the sides.
  16. 16. 4. SASH WINDOW • Sash or hung window is made of one or more movable panels or sashes that form a frame to hold panes of glass which are often separated by narrow mutins.
  17. 17. 5.LOUVERED WINDOW • A louver is an window, blind with horizontal slats that are angled at 45degree to ensure light and air but to keep out rain, direct sunshine and noise. • The angle of slats may be adjustable usually in blinds or fixed.
  18. 18. 6. METAL WINDOW • Metal window are made up of mild steel, stainless steel, aluminium etc., which are cost effective and provides more strength.
  19. 19. 7. BAY WINDOW • These window project outside the external walls of a room. • These often have multi panels which are set at different angles to create a protrusion from the wall line.
  20. 20. 8. CORNER WINDOW • These are provided at the corner of a room which has two faces in perpendicular direction. • It improves the elevation and ensure light and ventilation from two directions at right angle.
  21. 21. 9. DORMER WINDOW • These are vertical window provided in the sloping roof.
  22. 22. 10.GABLE WINDOW • These are vertical window provided in the gable end of a pitched roof.
  23. 23. 11. SKY LIGHT WINDOW • These are provided on the sloping surface of a pitched roof. • The opening for the sky light is made by cutting the common rafter suitably. • The sky light is provided with a view to permit the natural light into the room below it.
  24. 24. THANK YOU