2. Types of Anxiety disorders
Generalized anxiety disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Social phobia (or social anxiety disorder)
3. Mechanism of Anxiety
Over activation of brain
Under inhibition of brain
neuronal firing (GABA)
Both of them
Depression is a common
mental (mood) disorder.
Characterized by sadness,
loss of interest or pleasure,
feelings of guilt or low self-
worth, disturbed sleep or
appetite, feelings of
tiredness, and poor
5. Symptoms of depression
Persistently sad, anxious, or
Feelings of hopelessness.
Feelings of guilt,
Loss of interest (anhedonia)
or pleasure in hobbies and
activities that were once
awakening, or oversleeping.
6. Symptoms of depression
Decreased appetite and/or weight loss, or
overeating & weight gain.
Fatigue, decreased energy, being "slowed
Thoughts of death or suicide, suicide
Difficulty concentrating, remembering,
Persistent physical symptoms that do not
respond to treatment, such as headaches,
digestive disorders, and chronic pain.
7. Mechanism of depression
hypothesis states that
depression is caused
by a deficiency of
serotonin. (NA & 5-
8. Depression and Diet
Sometimes, when they’re depressed, people eat to help
them cope or to make them feel better.
Unfortunately, the foods people turn to have the
Eating junk food when you’re depressed can actually
make you feel even worse.
9. Depression and Diet
Some of the worst culprits are foods that contain large
amounts of the following:
heavily processed ingredients
Sticking to a healthy diet and making sure that you
exercise regularly can help you manage your depression
It may even make them go away entirely.
10. Foods to Avoid
Eating regular meals at regular intervals is the first step
of a healthy diet. The next step is picking the right
Main types of food to avoid in depression:
Caffeine and Sugary Foods
Alcohol and Illegal Drugs
11. Caffeine and Sugary Foods
Caffeine may be difficult for many people to completely
eliminate from their diet.
However, it is good to only have caffeinated drinks in
moderation, particularly when you are experiencing
Caffeine can disrupt sleep patterns and make you feel
anxious, both of which won’t help your depression.
12. Caffeine and Sugary Foods
People who drink more than 400 milligrams of caffeine a
day, the equivalent of four cups of brewed coffee,
should consider cutting back.
Avoiding refined sugar is another way to help your
Sugar may make you feel more energized at first, but it
won’t take long for you to crash.
13. Caffeine and Sugary Foods
Instead, stick with foods that will keep your blood sugar
at an even level.
Eating the following foods will give you a steady level of
complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains
fruits and vegetables
14. Alcohol and Illegal Drugs
When you’re feeling depressed, it can be easy to turn to
alcohol or other methods of “self-medication.”
You may feel short-term relief, but these substances
usually only make things worse.
Alcohol and drugs throw off your sleep cycles, and cause
mood swings and anxiety.
15. Alcohol and Illegal Drugs
If you’re taking any prescription medications, alcohol
and drugs can make you experience negative side
effects, and they can even stop your medications from
Talk to your doctor if you’re having trouble abstaining
from drugs or alcohol. They can recommend you to
programs that can help you get sober.
16. Foods that Might Help
Also there are some kinds of foods that might help with
'Good' Carbs to Boost Mood
17. 'Good' Carbs to Boost Mood
Eating carbohydrates triggers your brain to release the
mood-lifting neurotransmitter serotonin.
So instead of trying to avoid them, eating the right kind
of carbs can be a good choice when you’re feeling
Stick to whole-grain breads and other healthy
18. 'Good' Carbs to Boost Mood
Try to stay away from the sugary snack foods, and go
foods high in fiber
The main benefit associated with omega-3s is improved
However, several studies have shown that foods that
have omega-3s can also help you manage your
Foods that are good sources of omega-3s include:
dark-green leafy vegetables
21. Vitamin D
Several studies have shown that people who have
deficient levels of vitamin D are more like to
experience depression-related symptoms.
You can get vitamin D from the sun, but you can also get
it from your food.
Make sure you regularly eat foods containing vitamin D,
Selenium is an element that is essential for good health.
Several studies have suggested a link between selenium
deficiencies and depression.
Some additional research studies have indicated that
taking selenium may decrease feelings of depression.
Selenium can be found in:
Too much selenium can be toxic, however, so talk to
your doctor before taking any selenium supplements.
24. Depression and Diet
The many physical benefits of maintaining a balanced,
healthy diet are well-known.
However, you may not know how those same simple
dietary tips can help to elevate mood, energy levels,
and an overall sense of well-being.
When you’re feeling depressed, or even negatively
affected by a change in the seasons, knowing the right
foods to eat can help you overcome those symptoms and
keep depression limited.