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Industry

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Industry: industrial location; industrial factors.

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Industry

  1. 1. INDUSTRY Secondary sector
  2. 2. How are these products made?
  3. 3. What is meant by secondary industry? • Secondary sector involves making things.
  4. 4. What is meant by secondary industry? • It is the production of goods by industrial processes.
  5. 5. It takes raw materials from the primary sector from the primary industries of farming, fishing, forestry, mining and quarrying and processes them into manufactured goods and products.
  6. 6. What is meant by secondary industry? • This transformation adds value to the raw materials.
  7. 7. TYPES OF SECONDARY INDUSTRY
  8. 8. SECONDARYINDUSTRY HEAVY INDUSTRY MANUFACTURING Metalurgical industry Heavy chemical industry LIGHT INDUSTRY PROCESSING Food industry, light chemical industry, textile industry, etc. ASSEMBLY Automovile industry, aeronautics HI-TECH Electronics and computing industry
  9. 9. MANUFACTURING • Manufacturing refers to the conversion of raw materials from the primary sector into finished products on a large scale. Steelmaking produced many manufactured products, some of which are then used in processing industries, assembly lines and hi- tech industries.
  10. 10. PROCESSING • Processing involves taking materials and creating a finished product from combining and changing them in some way. It is common in the food industry, where recipes produce a final unique product from many sources (for example, canned food)
  11. 11. ASSEMBLY • Assembly industries involve putting together parts made elsewhere.
  12. 12. ASSEMBLY • Parts are added to other semi-finished parts in a sequence that usually involves conveyor belts, assembly lines and workers using specialised skills at each stage.
  13. 13. HI-TECH • High-tech products are manufactured by using `cutting edge´ technology and involve advanced computer techniques.
  14. 14. HI-TECH • Biotechnology, telecommunications, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, IT developments are all in this category.
  15. 15. HIGH-TECH
  16. 16. HIGH-TECH
  17. 17. • Page 154: Task 1
  18. 18. SIZE
  19. 19. LARGE-SCALE INDUSTRY Employs many people Takes up a lot of space Has a large capital investment Produces a high volume of products aiming for high profit
  20. 20. SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRY Employs few people Uses up a small amount of land Has a low capital investment Produces a low volume of products aiming for a modest profit
  21. 21. INDUSTY AS A SYSTEM Inputs-processes-outputs
  22. 22. INPUTS
  23. 23. INPUTS
  24. 24. INPUTS
  25. 25. PROCESSES
  26. 26. PROCESSES • SMELTING
  27. 27. PROCESSES • WEAVING
  28. 28. PROCESSES • SPINNING
  29. 29. PROCESSES • DYEING
  30. 30. PROCESSES • PRINTING
  31. 31. PROCESSES • KNITTING
  32. 32. PROCESSES • STITCHING
  33. 33. PROCESSES • TANNING https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lrUn-tgOoVo
  34. 34. PROCESSES • MOULDING https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Li-MKobBg5w
  35. 35. OUTPUTS
  36. 36. OUTPUTS • Processed goods which can be raw materials for other industries or sold directly to the public.
  37. 37. OUTPUTS • Processed goods sold directly to the public.
  38. 38. OUTPUTS • Manufactured goods which may be raw materials for other industries or sold directly to the public.
  39. 39. OUTPUTS • Manufactured goods which are almost entirely the raw materials for other industrial units.
  40. 40. OUTPUTS • Manufactured goods which are final products sold directly to the public.
  41. 41. OUTPUTS • The products of the construction industry.
  42. 42. OUTPUT
  43. 43. WASTE: INEVITABLE NEGATIVE OUTPUT
  44. 44. INDUSTRIAL WASTE: POLLUTION • AIR POLLUTION
  45. 45. INDUSTRIAL WASTE: POLLUTION • WATER POLLUTION
  46. 46. INDUSTRIAL WASTE: POLLUTION • GROUND POLLUTION
  47. 47. INDUSTRIAL WASTE: POLLUTION • VISUAL POLLUTION
  48. 48. • Page 155: Task 2 and 3
  49. 49. INDUSTRIAL LOCATION
  50. 50. DECIDING ON WHERE TO LOCATE • THE SITE: – The place where a factory produce their goods. – It´s based on a number of location factors.
  51. 51. INDUSTRIAL LOCATION FACTORS LOCATION FACTORS LAND WHEATHER AND CLIMATE RAW MATERIALS POWER LABOUR TRANSPORT MARKET GOVERNMENT AID OR GRANTS INTERNET AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACCESS PERSONAL PREFERENCE
  52. 52. TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL LOCATION Where? Located close to raw materials Located close to the market Footlose
  53. 53. TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL LOCATION • LOCATED CLOSE TO RAW MATERIALS – Industries that use heavy, bulky raw materials which are expensive to transport and produce waste. Iron and steelworks are examples of locations near to raw materials.
  54. 54. TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL LOCATION • LOCATED CLOSE TO RAW MATERIALS – The final product weighs less so transport costs to the market are low.
  55. 55. TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL LOCATION • LOCATED CLOSE TO THE MARKET – The raw materials for these industries are often small and light: • so the transport costs for them are low. – But the final product is: • heavier, usually due to the addition of water, • and in some cases perishable.
  56. 56. TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL LOCATION • LOCATED CLOSE TO THE MARKET
  57. 57. A bakery located in an industrial estate in Valladolid
  58. 58. Drink bottling factories next to Sevilla
  59. 59. TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL LOCATION • FOOTLOOSE – This industries can locate almost anywhere. – Raw materials and market locations are not so important. – They need labour and good transport and communications. – Ex. Computer sofwater development
  60. 60. • Silicon valley, close to San Francisco
  61. 61. • Technological park of Tres Cantos, in Madrid
  62. 62. • Task 1 and Task 2a on page 156
  63. 63. DECISIONS, DECISIONS…
  64. 64. Which physical factors influence the location of a large car assembly plant?
  65. 65. Which physical factors influence the location of this industrial estate in Avilés (Asturias)?
  66. 66. Which human factors influence the location of Galletas Gullón in Aguilar de Campoo (Palencia)?
  67. 67. Which human factors influence the location of Galletas Gullón in Aguilar de Campoo (Palencia)? Towards Santander Towards Burgos Towards Madrid
  68. 68. Which human factors influence the location of Michelin in Valladolid?
  69. 69. Which human factors influence the location of BQ in Madrid?
  70. 70. Which human factors influence the location of BQ in Madrid?
  71. 71. LOCATING INDUSTRY IN THE PAST
  72. 72. Port Talbot, Wales, UK
  73. 73. LOCATING INDUSTRY IN THE PRESENT
  74. 74. Bangalore, India
  75. 75. SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGICAL PARK
  76. 76. BANGALORE UNIVERSITY

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