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Human violation in Burma

This presentation is mainly about Karen people living in Burma and Thai border in very harsh living conditions.

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Human violation in Burma

  1. 1. Forcibly Displaced Karens Halamgul Farhad, ICP111
  2. 2. Karens • A number of Sino-Tibetan language speaking ethnic groups which reside primarily in Karen State, southern and southeastern Burma_ Farmers • 7 percent of the total Burmese population • A large number has migrated to Thailand, mostly reside on the Thai–Karen border, elsewhere_ US and
  3. 3. • In 1947, the Karen National Union (KNU) was formed . • Burma was granted independence in January 1948 – Karens held leading positions • In January 1949, some governmental militias went on a rampage through Karen communities • After that they army loots, burns, rapes and kills the Karen community  • Karens insurgents again the government
  4. 4. Fieldwork in Non-ceasefire War Zones • Thai-Burmese border zones “ in between space” explores the nexus between written language, intelligibility, and qualified voice in order to examine the Karen people as unqualified political subjects in a quotidian theater of the displaced
  5. 5. • Killed, burned, force displaced by Burmese army • December 2004 between 550 thousand and 800 thousand people have been forcibly displaced “inside” the country. – No political right, no voice, no value to their lives – they flee to jungle _ eat whatever is available roots or plants…. – Seek for safety elsewhere • Consequently, many indigenous people have fled to Thai-Burmese state boundary “Temporary Shelter Area” What has been happening?
  6. 6. Not globally known issue: Language Problem: • Their language is not spoken or understood widely • They don’t speak other famous language • Intelligible speech because of language proficiency • Their “voice” are not considered. “beings without qualified voices”
  7. 7. Continued… • Their suffering have rarely been accounted by the international community. – Mostly disclosed or ignore – Many have been killed and tortured – KNU is fighting • Not recognized as political subject
  8. 8. Why they can’t live in Thai-side? • Animist – Their sense of rootedness to the land and the spirits of the land tie them to their native soil • Farmer: – They are not allow to farm at Thai-side • There are not treated well at “the camp” – Diseases (diarrhea, Malaria) According to KNU, the Karens want to return to or remain in the land they call Kawthoolei, which means “pleasant,” “plentiful,” “peaceful.” The land of Kawthoolei is “a lafree of all evils, famine, misery and strife.”
  9. 9. - Scapes of Appadurai • Ethnoscape: No human rights • Techno-scape: No electricity  influence? • Ideoscape: cannot read • Mediascape: No voice • Financescape: No money
  10. 10. Land Mines_ Human disaster: • “Eastern Burma is one of the most landmine contaminated places in the world.”2012 • Laid by government and rebellions – In jungle, agricultural land, villages – Most of casualties are civilian, about 90%. • 2000km , Almost 70 % Thai- Burmese border • Feb- April 4, about 52 people have lost limbs • 3,349 casualties in Burma, 1999 to 2012 – including 319 death • Prosthetic Limbs – Mae Tao Clinic • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nNFd8Ozi43A
  11. 11. Conclusion • As unqualified political subjects, the Karens have been excluded from statist forms of politics. Their histories and memories have been discounted, and their voices, bodies, and actions have been made imperceptible • Something has to be don’t to make their suffrage visible to the international community. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jGQ6iqr fHs