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Landscape of Open Access, Open Data and Open Science and repositories in Botswana/Naniki Maphakwane

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Presentation during Botswana National Forum on Open Data Open Science.

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Landscape of Open Access, Open Data and Open Science and repositories in Botswana/Naniki Maphakwane

  1. 1. LANDSCAPE OF OPEN ACCESS,OPEN DATA & OPEN SCIENCE AND REPOSITORIES IN BOTSWANA Naniki Maphakwane Director ,Library Botswana College of Distance and Open Learning Coordinator Botswana Library Consortium Open Data Open Science Workshop, Gaborone 31st-30th October 2017, Gaborone, University of Botswana.
  2. 2. THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION(EC) • Developments in the field of Open Data(OD). • Of more recent EC has expanded the concept of openness to Open Science(OS) • To transform science by making research more open, global, collaborative, creative and closer to society.
  3. 3. DEFINATION OF KEY TERMS • Generally refers to the outputs of research such as journal articles, as distinct from research data, which are produced as part of research process. Free availability and full reuse of research articles. • Open Access literature is digital, online,free of charge and free from most copyright and licensing restrictions( Suber ,P. Open Access .MI Press 2012. OPEN ACCESS • Research data produced during the process of research that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone subject at most to the requirement to attribute and share alike. OPEN DATA • Is the contact of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research notes and other research process are freely available, with license terms that allow re-user distribution, and reproduction of the experimental methodology, observation, and collection of data ; public availability, accessibility, re-usability of scientific data and use of web based tools to facilitate scientific collaboration OPEN SCIENCE
  4. 4. WHAT IS OPEN ACCESS(OA) • A movement within the scholarly community to provide unrestricted access to scholarly research publications. • OA literature is digital, online, free of charge and free from most copyright and licensing restrictions( Suber ,P. Open Access. MI Press 2012 • OA materials include: scholarly articles and books, book chapters, conference proceedings, thesis and dissertations, and datasets.
  5. 5. WHY OPEN ACCESS New knowledge arises through the study of existing works, exchange of ideas, the linking of ideas ad networking with other disciplines Any restrictions to academic information hinders the process of obtaining new insights
  6. 6. BENIFTS OF OEN ACCESS • OA for researchers enhanced visibility, usage ad impact for their work globally Increased collaboration and research partners New contacts and research partnerships
  7. 7. BENIFTS OF OPEN ACCESS • OA for Publishers increased readership and citations increased visibility and impact Serves as dissemination service for research
  8. 8. BENIFTS OF OPEN ACCESS • OA for research institutes Complete record of research output in easily accessible form New tools to manage institution’s impact. Publishers institutions research strength For Universities it increases the visibility of their researchers and their research, reduces their expenditure on journals, and advances their mission to share knowledge.
  9. 9. BENIFTS OF OPEN ACCESS • OA for Libraries Addresses the problem of the steeply costs of journal subscriptions. OA For public OA provides taxpayers with free access to the results of research they have helped funded. OA promotes democracy in access to research information
  10. 10. SOME OPEN ACCESS INNITIATIVES BOTSWANA • Botswana through Botswana Library Consortium(BLC) & University of Botswana(UB) has become active in promotion of Open Access. • 2010 BLC hosted the 1st OA Advocacy workshop. The workshop was funded by EIFL and Carnegie Foundation • Target population was: Researchers, research institutes, librarians and ICT officers, policy makers, journal editors and publishers. • 2011 OA workshop ,further training on OA concepts, policy environment and hands on Dspace platform to help the libraries start repositories. • 2011 Celebration of Open Access Week and 1st Open Access Conference
  11. 11. SOME OPEN ACCESS INNITIATIVES BOTSWANA • 2012, 2013 & 2014 OA Conferences. • 2013 Stakeholder Breakfast meeting • Target population : Researchers, research institutes, librarians, ICT officers, policy makers, government official, journal editors and publishers. The objective of the conference was to share experiences • 2015 Botswana Open Access Policy Project funded by Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL) - BLC engaged over 12 government department including Parastals on OA.
  12. 12. SOME OPEN ACCESS INNITIATIVES IN BOTSWANA CONTI….. - Workshops : OA policy formulation, OA online journal publishing, Institutional Repository management and Repository administration - Total of 38 people were trained representing 18 institutions - 2016 Botswana OA Project distracted by national activities for independence • 2017 BLC found other players and now consolidation of efforts to achieve same objective.
  13. 13. OA REPOSITOIES IN BOTSWANA Number of repositories : 4 University of Botswana :UBRISA Botho University Botswana College of Distance and Open Learning Botswana University of (though facing some technical challenges) Repositories registered with Open DOAR: 2 - UBRISA & Botho University Repository Open Access repository policies: 2
  14. 14. WHAT IS OPEN SCIENCE? Other outputsResearch dataOpen access to publications
  15. 15. OPEN ACCES,OPEN SCIENCE & OPEN DATA Open Access movement has gained momentum and has expanded the concept of openness to Open Science(OS). Making science more global, collaborative, creative ad closer to the community Enabled by new technologies OS aims to transform science by making research more open, global, collaborative & creative .
  16. 16. OPEN SCIENCE OPENNESS Sharing and access to all types of research outputs Transparency of research findings Open peer review and open citations Equitable flow of knowledge
  17. 17. OPENNESS IN OPEN SCIENCE Sharing and access to all types of research outputs Transparency of research findings Open peer review and open citations Equitable flow of knowledge
  18. 18. OPENNESS IN OPEN SCIENCE Open science is about: The way research is carried The way it is dissemination The way it is deployed and transformed and by digital l tools, networks and media Relies heavily on technological innovation Paradigm shift in culture of collaboration and openness in research of and Sharing and access to all types of research outputs
  19. 19. OPENNES IN OPEN SCIENCE RESEARCH LIFECYCLE • Open notebooks –an emerging practice, documenting and sharing the experimental process • Open data-managing research data in such a way that optimises access, discoverability, and sharing for use and re-use. • Open research software -documenting research code and routines, making them freely accessible and available for collaboration • Open access-making all published outputs freely accessible for maximum use and impact.
  20. 20. It’s part of good research practice
  21. 21. OPENNES IN OPEN SCIENCE RESEARCH LIFECYCLE • To achieve the openness in open science each process in the lifecycle of research should: Be –reusable Be publicly available. Motivate collaboration between researchers Be transparent and have appropriate metadata
  22. 22. RESERACH DATA MANAGEMENT(RDM) LANDSCAPE • RDM: organisation of data, from its entry to the research cycle through to dissemination and archiving of valuable results. • RDM relies heavily on the collaborative and coordinated work of many engaged partners. • Establishing the various stakeholders involved in RDM activities helps to identify where librarians and libraries are placed to facilitate and coordinate RDM development.
  23. 23. RESERACH DATA MANAGEMENT(RDM) STAKEHOLDERS • Four main categories: University Leadership Researchers Research Support Units Government & funders
  24. 24. RESERACH DATA MANAGEMENT(RDM) IN BOTSWANA University of Botswana Office of Research and Development(ORD): Has implemented a Research Management System(RMS) It is used to monitor research activities from proposal to submission of completed papers. Other universities still have to put in place their RMS.
  25. 25. CONCLUSIONS: CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES National Open Access, Open Data Open Science Framework for Botswana Open Access Policies in Universities, Research Centres,etc Technical and semantic standards: adopt common metadata standards, elements of vocabularies, incorporate ORCID IDs into repositories, DOIs (Datasets)
  26. 26. CONCLUSION: CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES conti..... Improved Information Technology Infrastructure and access Capacity building and re-skilling for data stewards, data scientist and other stakeholders.
  27. 27. THANK YOU
  28. 28. References References: 1.Kahn,M & etal...(2014) Research Management in South Africa. Avaialable at Htt://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00048623.2014.951910 2.Cheung,Melissa Open Access,Open Dat,Open Science Available at http:/www.cdnsciencepub.com/blog/ope-access-open-data-open-science-aspx 3.UNESCO. ( 2017) Botswana available at http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/portals-and-platforms 4. Moahi,K(2009) Institutional Repositories:towards harnessing knowledge for African development. First International Conference on African Digital Libraries and Archives.(ICADLA-1,Addis AbbaaEthopia,1st -3rd July 2009. 5. Joint Minds(2016) Participating in Global Open Access/Open Data Space: Towards a Botswana Data Forum and Strategy a Position paper. 6.Kuchma,Iryna Lanscape of open access/open data and repositories. EIFL. 7. David Ball Consulting(2015) Open Science,Open Data,Open Access.. A Ukeig White Paper. UkeiG,United Kingdom 8.Cox A.M ,Pinfield S. (2014) Research data management and libraries: current activities and future priorities Journal of Librarianship and Science 2014,Vol. 46(4) 299-316 9. Flores,J R .....etal .Libraries and research data management lanscape.The Process of Discovery: The CLIR Postdoctoral Fellowship program and the future of Academy.