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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice)

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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) - The only CGIAR Research Center owned by African countries

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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice)

  1. 1. Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) The only CGIAR Research Center owned by African countries
  2. 2. Importance of rice in SSA • Fastest growing food staple: Demand growing at > 6% per year – faster than any other food staple • Strategic for food security: Most important energy source in West Africa and Madagascar and 2nd most important in Africa • Impact on economies: Local production covers about 60% of demand (imports per year at >US$ 5 billion) • Important for women: Main labor force in SSA’s rainfed ecologies (sowing to processing and marketing) • Viable career for youth: The rice sector can employ many of the 17 million young people who enter SSA’s job market every year • Huge potential: Africa has resources to produce enough quality rice to feed itself and to export
  3. 3. AfricaRice member states • 26 Member States • Headquarters: Côte d’Ivoire
  4. 4. • AfricaRice and partners have developed a strategic plan (2011-2020) to boost rice production in SSA • This plan was approved by AfricaRice Council of Ministers in 2011. • The Strategic Plan is being implemented with many partners across the research to development continuum. • Vision: increase rice self-sufficiency ratio to almost 90% in 2020 leading to a reduction in imports of about 5 million t per year AfricaRice 2011-2020 Strategic Plan
  5. 5. Implementation mechanisms: rice task forces, hubs and innovation platforms (IP) approaches
  6. 6. Scalable innovations along the rice value chain
  7. 7. • Holds the largest collection of African rice in the world -- with over 20,000 accessions • Two cultivated rice species (Oryza sativa and O. glaberrima) • Five African uncultivated (wild) rice species (O. longistaminata, O. barthii, O. punctata, O. brachyantha and O. eichingeri) • Genebank being upgraded to world-class standards at AfricaRice headquarters in M’bé, Côte d’Ivoire; plans underway to transform it into the ‘Africa rice biodiversity center’ • ‘Safety duplicates’ material in long-term mega-stores in NCGRP, Fort Collins, Colorado, and in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Norway AfricaRice genebank
  8. 8. Varieties developed by AfricaRice and its partners > 200 improved rice varieties released in last 30 years in Africa: • High-performing and climate-smart ‘Advanced rice for Africa (ARICA)’ varieties • Popular ‘New rice for Africa (NERICA)’ varieties: grown on about 1.7 million ha across SSA. NERICA adoption has lifted 8 million people out of poverty in 16 countries • High-yielding ‘Sahel’ varieties for irrigated ecologies: Present value of net benefits of Sahel adoption $ 24.6 million • Hybrids: More than 50 hybrids developed by AfricaRice show 15-20% yield advantage compared with inbred check. Two hybrids selected for release in Senegal in 2017. New set of hybrids being tested in several countries.. • Aromatic varieties: ‘ORYLUX’ series
  9. 9. Good agricultural practices (GAP) basket development Intervention Typical farmers’ practice and problems GAP component Variety choice Old varieties New varieties Land preparation Not bunded, not well leveled Bunding & leveling Sowing Random transplanting & delayed sowing Transplanting at optimum density, time Weeding Single herbicide & two hand- weedings Single herbicide & weeding with mechanical weeder Fertilizer application Very variable Site-specific nutrient management Water management Permanent standing water Timing of drainage before harvesting
  10. 10. Crop management decision support tool: RiceAdvice • Allows rice farmers to apply mineral fertilizer more efficiently to optimize production and profits and reduce waste • Helps rice farmers identify the best option for fertilizers to be purchased, based on nutrient requirement and fertilizer prices • Farmers can increase rice yield by about 20% and increase their profit margin by about $200 per hectare per season
  11. 11. Improved land and water management Smart-valleys approach • A low-cost, participatory and sustainable approach to develop inland valleys for rice-based systems • Major advantages: increased water retention in farmers’ fields, less risk of fertilizer losses due to flooding and increased rice yields • In Togo and Benin, average rice yields of farmers using Smart-valleys approach more than doubled from 1.5–2 to 3.5– 4.5 t/ha • Impact studies indicate the potential adoption rate is 67%
  12. 12. Decision support: weed management • Total rice production losses attributable to weeds in SSA estimated at US$ 1.5 billion • Tool developed for identifying major rice weeds of Africa • Valuable resource for professionals involved in research, training and management of rice weeds in SSA
  13. 13. Mechanization • Motorized weeders • Threshers • Combine harvesters
  14. 14. Improved rice processing - GEM rice parboiler • An improved rice parboiling system called GEM, combined with training and innovation platform approach is improving the livelihood of more than 2000 rural women in Benin and Nigeria • It is energy-efficient, shortens processing time, reduces drudgery, and does not expose the women parboilers to heat burns • With GEM, average monthly quantity of parboiled rice produced as well as the average monthly income from this activity has more than doubled Milling machine
  15. 15. From production focus to value chain focus Pioneering work on experimental auctions and value chain development in Senegal Packaging, branding and labeling of locally produced rice for urban and niche markets to enhance consumer attractiveness to locally produced rice in Glazou IP Parboiled rice “Riz Saveur” in Glazoue IP
  16. 16. Strengthening the capacity of rice professionals • National agricultural research and extension staff • Development Partners • Rice Value Chain actors (private & public) Integrated Rice Management Course, AfricaRice Training Center, Saint Louis, Senegal
  17. 17. AfricaRice post-graduate trainees and group capacity development programs Total number of trainees in 2015
  18. 18. Framework for innovation in the food sector • The Green Innovation Center for Agriculture and Food Sector (GICAFS) set up at AfricaRice in Benin is using a novel approach, centered around scaling up of agricultural innovations and offering a range of services to rural communities, through youth training and employment • 124 young professionals selected for deployment in 173 villages in Benin >> Innovation & business development services to ~30,000 farmers and further learning
  19. 19. Making Africa’s rice sector dynamic and profitable to attract youth Quality rice seed SMART-valleys approach RiceAdvice App ASI Thresher GEM rice Parboiler Packaging Branding • Africa’s rice sector offers vast opportunities for youth entrepreneurship • AfricaRice is integrating rural youths in innovation platforms (IPs) with business opportunities centered around rice technologies and innovations along the value chain (use of RiceAdvice app, seed production, mechanization, processing, marketing…) • For example, the establishment of rice parboiling as a business for women and youth is a big success of IPs in Benin and Nigeria AfricaRice’s conceptual framework to promote youth entrepreneurship in rice value chain
  20. 20. Scaling up with the help of private partners • Bringing together small-to-medium (SMEs) seed enterprises and scientists • Collaborating with private sector on certified rice seed production in Mali, Burkina Faso and Uganda • ASI thresher manufacturing in partnership with private sector/SME blacksmiths in Nigeria, Cote d’Ivoire, Senegal ATAT /ASI threshers fabricated by Hanigha Nigeria Ltd. Threshing capacity: 2.5t/h ( suitable for irrigated rice) Mini – ASI Thresher 800 kg/h (suitable for rainfed rice cology)
  21. 21. Thank you