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Planned parenthood

preconception care, planned parenthood

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Planned parenthood

  1. 1. PRECONCEPTION CARE PRESENTED BY ABHILASHA VERMA LECTURER JHALAWAR NURSING COLLEGE UNIT-1 MIDWFERY & OBSTETRICAL NURSING B.Sc. Nursing 4th year
  2. 2. DEFINITION • Maximizing the gains for maternal and child health. • Preconception care is the provision of biomedical, behavioral and social health interventions to women and couples before conception occurs.
  3. 3. AIMS OF PRECONCEPTION CARE • Improve maternal and child health status. • Reducing environmental factors that contribute to poor maternal and child health outcomes. • Prevention and control diseases. • Health benefits to the adolescents, women and men, irrespective of their plans to become parents. • To secure optimal health & nutritional condition in both parents not only improves the chances of conception but reduces the possibility of prenatal death & many congenital anomalies.
  4. 4. • To ensure that the women & her partner are in optimal state of physical & emotional heath at the onset of pregnancy. • To access normal health by a child bearing women, while at the same time identifying - – Existing or emerging illness or disease which may have gone undetected before. • To develop positive attitude about sexuality , womanhood & child bearing. • To benefit women being treated for a condition such as sickle cell anaemia , thalassemia, hypertension , heart disease ,diabetics this may cause a high risk pregnancy.
  5. 5. IMPORTANCE • Establish lifestyle behaviours to maintain optimum health. • Identify & treat risk ( e.G. Medical condition, substance abuse before. • Conceive a pregnancy with out necessary risk factors. • Prepare people psychologically for pregnancy & the responsibilities to become with parenthhood. • Reduce maternal and child mortality • Prevent unwanted pregnancies • Prevent complications during pregnancy and delivery • Prevent birth defects • Prevent underweight
  6. 6. COMPONENTS OF PRECONCEPTION CARE 1) Nutritional conditions 2) Genetic conditions 3) Environmental health 4) Infertility/ subfertility 5) Too early, unwanted and rapid successive pregnancies 6) Sexually transmitted infections and HIV 7) Interpersonal violence 8) Mental health 9) Psychoactive substance use 10) Tobacco use
  7. 7. NUTRITIONAL CONDITIONS • Screening for anaemia and diabetes. • Supplementing iron and folic acid. • Information, education and counselling • Monitoring nutritional status • Supplementing energy and nutrient-dense food • Promoting exercise • Use of Iodization of salt TOBACCO USE • Screening of women and girls for tobacco use (smoking and smokeless tobacco) • Providing brief tobacco cessation advice. • Pharmacotherapy (including nicotine replacement therapy, if available) and intensive behavioural counselling. • Screening of non-smokers and advising about harm of second-hand smoke and harmful effects on pregnant women and unborn children.
  8. 8. GENETIC CONDITIONS • Identify risk factors for genetic conditions • Genetic counselling • Carrier screening and testing • Appropriate treatment of genetic conditions ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH • Providing guidance and information on environmental hazards and prevention. • Protecting from unnecessary radiation exposure in occupational, environmental and medical settings • Avoiding unnecessary pesticide use/providing alternatives to pesticides • Protecting from lead exposure
  9. 9. INFERTILITY/SUB-FERTILITY • Creating awareness and understanding of fertility and infertility and their preventable and unpreventable causes. • Defusing stigmatization of infertility. • Screening and diagnosis of couples following 6–12 months of attempting pregnancy, and management of underlying causes of infertility/sub-fertility. • Counselling for individuals/couples diagnosed with unpreventable cause of infertility/sub-fertility. INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE • Providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education that addresses gender equality, human rights. • Women empowerment. • Recognizing signs of violence against women . • Providing health care services (including post-rape care), referral and psychosocial support to victims of violence. • Changing social norms regarding drinking, screening and counseling of people and treating people who have alcohol use disorders.
  10. 10. TOO-EARLY, UNWANTED AND RAPID SUCCESSIVE PREGNANCIES • Providing age-appropriate comprehensive sexuality education • Providing contraceptives and building community support for preventing early pregnancy. • Empowering girls to resist coerced sex. • Engaging men and boys to critically assess norms and practices regarding gender- based violence and coerced sex. • Educating women and couples about the dangers to the baby and mother of short birth intervals SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIS) • Promoting safe sex practices through community-level interventions. • Ensuring increased and easy access to contraceptive devices. • Screening for STIs and management.
  11. 11. MENTAL HEALTH • Assessing psychosocial problems • Providing educational and psychosocial counseling before and during pregnancy • Counseling, treating and managing depression in women planning pregnancy and other women of childbearing age • Strengthening community networks and promoting women’s empowerment PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE • Screening for substance use • Treating substance use disorders, including pharmacological and psychological interventions • Providing assistance for families with substance use disorders (including postpartum and between pregnancies) • Establishing prevention programes to reduce substance use in adolescents.
  12. 12. STEPS TO IMPROVE HEALTH BEFORE PREGNANCY • Eat a well balanced diet. • Maintain healthy weight • Drink plenty of water • Take nutritional supplements • Quit or cut down smoking cigarettes • Avoid caffeine • Avoid alcohol • Avoid medication abuse • Regular exercise routine make sure to wear cool , comfortable clothing
  13. 13. PRECONCEPTION ADVICE FOR MEN • Stop smoking • Use mobile phones only when needed • Avoid increased temperature around genitals • Cut back on caffeine • Avoid medicines that impair fertility • Follow a relaxing schedule • Stop consuming alcohol & steroids • Maintain a healthy weight • Plan for finances • Think about parenting

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  • vishalkumar1918

    Jul. 3, 2020
  • KmShabanaAazmi

    Nov. 11, 2020

preconception care, planned parenthood

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