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Modals and passive
Modals and passive
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The passive

  1. 1. Unit 10
  2. 2. What is the Passive  Verbs are also said to be either active or passive in voice.  In the active voice, the subject and verb relationship is straightforward: the subject is a be-er or a do-er and the verb moves the sentence along.  In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is neither a do-er or a be-er, but is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed.
  3. 3. Use of Passive  Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.  We use the passive when:  we want to make the active object more important  we do not know the active subject
  4. 4. Examples My bike was stolen. In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.
  5. 5. Examples Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows: A mistake was made. In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You
  6. 6. Form of Passive  Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle  subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle)  The main verb is always in its past participle form.
  7. 7. Changing into passive  When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following: 1. the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence 2. the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle) 3. the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
  8. 8. Changing into passive
  9. 9. Examples of the Passive
  10. 10. Examples of the Passive
  11. 11. Examples of the Passive
  12. 12. Examples of the Passive
  13. 13. Examples of the Passive
  14. 14. Present & Past Progressive
  15. 15. Examples of the Passive The Present Continuous, Passive Voice S + (be) + being + past participle This tense is confusing because the verb "be" appears twice. This example uses the verb "tell" as the main verb: tell / told / told Singular Plural I am being told We are being told You are being told You are being told He is being told She is being told They are being told It is being told
  16. 16. Examples of the Passive The Passive Present Progressive: The book is being read by the boy. Pancakes are being made in the kitchen. Flowers are being grown in this garden.
  17. 17. Examples of the Passive The Past Continuous, Passive Voice S + (be: was or were) + being + past participle This tense is confusing because the verb "be" appears twice. This example uses the verb "teach" as the main verb: teach / taught / taught Singular Plural I was being taught We were being taught You were being taught You were being taught He was being taught She was being taught They were being taught It was being taught * This is similar to the causative form which we will look at in Lesson 15, Green Level.
  18. 18. Examples of the Passive The Passive Past Progressive: The book was being read by the boy. Pancakes were being made in the kitchen. Flowers were being grown in this garden.

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