2. Pilot Testing or Field Try-Out
Whenever a curriculum is written as in books,
course manuals, modules or the whole curricular
program, there is a need to have a try-out or field
testing. This process will gather empirical data to
support whether the material or the curriculum is
useful, relevant, reliable and valid.
3. As the curriculum is being implemented, there is a need to
continuously monitor the process
1. School- Based Evaluation
4. 2. Accreditation
This is a voluntary process of submitting a curricular program
to an external accrediting body for review in any level of education:
basic, tertiary or graduate school to assure standard.
Accreditation studies the statement of the educational
intentions of the school and affirms a standard of excellence. The
Purpose of accreditation are to faster excellence and improve
Usually there are ten areas for program accreditation one of
which is curriculum and instruction. Quality instruction is a concern
5. WHAT ARE THE AREAS FOR
CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION?
6. 1. Curriculum and Program of Studies
Program of studies includes the clusters of knowledge, skills,
attitudes, values and experiences that will provide the students at
any level with the necessary competencies for effective learning.
For basic education, program of studies includes the subject
areas in English, Mathematics, Science, Filipino and Makabayan.
The first three clusters aim for the development of
internationalism while the last two clusters develop Filipinism or
nationalism. Any program of studies should meet the Department of
Education requirements for basic education.
All schools are mandated by the specific government
agencies to comply with the minimum requirements of the curricular
programs through the issuance of memoranda.
7. 2. Classroom Management
For effective instruction, the use of appropriate classroom
management is suggested. The teacher who implements the
curriculum sees to it that management of teaching and learning in
the classroom follows procedure and guidelines to enhance and
create an environment conducive to learning. An environment
conducive to learning considers the physical factors and human
factors. The teachers’ role is to act as manager of the learners and
8. 3. Instructional Processes or Methodologies
How should a lesson be taught? What teaching
methodologies should be used for a particular type of learners? Is
there a fit or match between the lesson objectives and the methods
of teaching? Has teaching or methods of delivery accomplished the
The decision of choosing and using the method of teaching is
a crucial factor in curriculum and instruction. There are varied
teaching methodologies that are compatible with the different
learning styles of the students. These emerging strategies of
teaching follow principles and theories that enhance learning
outcomes. As teachers, there is a need to know not only the steps or
strategies of teaching but to understand the pedagogical content
knowledge of each strategy.
9. 4. Graduation Requirements
Graduation means successful accomplishment of the
curricular program of studies. A student has to accomplish its
academic program as prescribed in the program of studies
mentioned earlier. These requirements are clearly understood upon
enrolment in collage by the students and by the parents for students
in the elementary or high schools. The grade requirements of each
subjects should be known. Aside from the academic subjects
required, some curricula provide activities that are necessary and
should be accomplished as a graduation requirement.
10. 5. Administrative Support for Effective Instruction
A curriculum can be best implemented if there is support of
the school administration. The required physical facilities like good
classrooms, libraries, playground, laboratory, study areas are the
primary responsibilities of the school administrators. Procurement of
books and equipment should be made possible to facilitate
instruction. The school class schedules should result to efficient and
effective teaching and learning. Policies should be provided for
punctuality of teachers and students in school attendance and
submission of reports. Quality instruction should be sustained and
other support for effective instruction.
11. 6. Evaluation of Academic Performance of Students
In curriculum, it is necessary that learning outcomes be
The evaluation of students’ performance should make use of
valid and reliable tools which are periodically reviewed and revised.
Students should be informed and be clarified about the grading
system as well as the standards used.
Success of the school curriculum is shown in the results of the
evaluation of the students’ performance.