• Right to Information Act,2005
• Freedom of people to have access to
• Openness and transparency in the
functioning of the government.
• In 1992, the World Bank released a document
entitled “Governance and Development” in
which it emphasized on transparency and
• Necessity of Right to Information:
• It makes administration more accountable to
• Reduces the gap between the administration
and the people.
• Makes people aware of administrative
• Facilitates better delivery of goods and
services to people by civil servants.
• Increases people’s participation in
• Promotes public interest by discouraging
arbitrariness in administrative decision-
• Reduces the scope of corruption in public
• Upholds democratic ideas by promoting
openness and transparency.
• It makes administration more responsive to
the requirements of the people.
• It reduces the chance of abuse of authority by
the public servants.
Right to Information Act, 2005
• In 2005, the Parliament has enacted the Right
to Information Act.
• It provides for the appointment of an
information officer in each department to
provide information to the public on request.
• It fixes a 30-day deadline to provide
information and 48 hours if concerns life or
liberty of a person.
• Information will be free for people below poverty
line, for others fee will be reasonable.
• It imposes obligation on public agencies to
disclose the information suo- motu to reduce
requests for an information
• Government bodies have to publish details of
staff payments and budgets.
• It provides for the establishment of a Central
Information Commission and State Information
Commission to implement the provisions of the
• They will be independent high-level bodies to act
as appellate authorities and vested with the
powers of a civil court.
• The President will appoint a Chief Information
Commissioner and Governors of the States will
appoint State Information Commissioners. Their
term will be 5 years.
• They are entitled with publishing annual report
on the implementation of the Act. The report will
be tabled before the Parliament and state
• Its purview does not extend to intelligence
and security organization, like Intelligence
Bureau, RAW, BSF, CISF, NSG.
• However , information pertaining to allegation
of corruption or violation of human rights by
these organizations will not be excluded.
• All categories of exempted information to be
disclosed after 20 years except Cabinet
deliberations and information that affects
security , strategic , scientific or economic
interests , relations with foreign states or
leads to incitement of offence.
• It overrides the Official Secret Act, 1923. The
Information Commission can allow access to
the information if public interest outweighs
harm to protected persons.
• It carries strict penalties for failing to provide
information or affecting its flow. The erring
official will face the departmental
Notas do Editor
The Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) - Aruna Roy ( Rajasthan) initiated the movement for Right to Information in the early 1990s.
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Atualizámos a nossa política de privacidade.
Atualizámos a nossa política de privacidade de modo a estarmos em conformidade com os regulamentos de privacidade em constante mutação a nível mundial e para lhe fornecer uma visão sobre as formas limitadas de utilização dos seus dados.
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