O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.

apidays LIVE Paris - APIs for Governments: why, what and how by Monica Posada & Lorenzino Vaccari

689 visualizações

Publicada em

apidays LIVE Paris - Responding to the New Normal with APIs for Business, People and Society
December 8, 9 & 10, 2020


APIs for Governments: why, what and how
Monica Posada, Project Manager of the API Study, Senior Researcher & Lorenzino Vaccari, Senior Researcher, External Consultant at the European Commission - Joint Research Centre

Publicada em: Tecnologia
  • Entre para ver os comentários

apidays LIVE Paris - APIs for Governments: why, what and how by Monica Posada & Lorenzino Vaccari

  1. 1. 1 APIs for Governments: why, what & how APIs for Digital Government study findings European Commission - Joint Research Centre Digital Economy Unit Monica Posada – API Research Project manager Lorenzino Vaccari – API Research External consultant APIdays Paris, Global edition 10th December 2020
  2. 2. 2 The Joint Research Centre (JRC) European Commission's science and knowledge service carrying out research to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy. The JRC B6 Digital Economy Unit Investigates how the on-going digital revolution and Information and Communications Technologies are affecting the economy and the digital transformation of Governments. The APIs4DGov & API4IPS projects API team analyses opportunities and challenges derived from API adoption for the innovation of public administration and policy making . JRC - Digital Economy Unit APIteam context
  3. 3. 3 APIs, the New Normal & Governments APIs role in the digital transformation of the public sector
  4. 4. 4 A Europe fit for the Digital Age A Europe fit for the Digital Age Actions: APIs’ links to policy making
  5. 5. 5 APIs support to Digital Government objectives: To transform into a robust digital ecosystem  Public Administration innovation ― flexible to adapt to the advances in technology ― able to rewire the interactions with citizens, business, infrastructure .. To control and monitor digital environments  Policy Making innovation ―Streamline information flows to support decision-making and monitoring Why APIs in government? APIs are technical enablers of the Digital Transformation of Government CONNECTED GOVERNMENT
  6. 6. 6 API for Digital Government tools and reports [1] APIs in Governments: why, what and how [2] API Framework for Government [3] API Framework Self Assessment Tool APIs are technical enablers of the Digital Transformation of Government
  7. 7. 7 APIs in governments Landscape, motivations & implementation of API strategies in EU - Research methods - Trends, cases and cost and benefits of APIs in governments - API standards and specifications and API best practices - An API framework for governments and policy recommendations
  8. 8. 8 1. What is the status of API strategies in governments? 2. Which actions should be taken for government API adoption? What? • Trends, definitions, glossary, policy context • Landscape: cases, strategies, standards, best practices • Key enablers, drivers, barriers, risks Costs and benefits • Costs and challenges • Benefits • Social highlights How? • EU API framework • Thematic areas and technologies to focus on • Policy recommendations Source: Licenced from AdobeStock.com
  9. 9. 9 Our research methodology (Source: ICT Impact Assessment Guidelines, ISA2 Program) • API strategies • INSPIRE hack • APIdays events • 7 Case studies • API experts • Private companies • Pilot Governments sites EU Policy web sites Previous studies ProgrammableWeb Data catalogues • • • • • API strategies FW validation INSPIRE conference • • • • • Cases • Standards • Best practices • Trends • Domains • Technologies • Costs • Benefits • Drivers • Enablers • Barriers • Risks • Strategies • Recommendations • Private sector • Metrics • Technologies • Internal issues & gains • State of the art in EU • Technical issues • Private sector solutions • Knowledge transfer • Validation • Community building
  10. 10. 10 What: Trends in government APIs Source: JRC, own elaboration based on ProgrammableWeb.com
  11. 11. 11 Government API analysis When implemented, the API uptake is quick and massive Approx. 5000 IT systems which draw data from DAWA Unique point of access for addresses for everybody (OOP) 2500 developers registered in the System Around 50 apps developed 925 institutions and enterprises connected, including 706 public sector institutions 99% of government services covered Circa 52,000 organisations as indirect users of X-Road services 350m requests per year Visitors per month: 8000, average time spent using the data interface: 20 minutes 10713 registered Map Requester Initiators (MRI), made up of 1502 companies and 1258 citizens 200,000 map requests a year, for each request 6-7 utility company involved Denmark’s Addressers Web API (DAWA): A unique access point for the addresses in Denmark Amsterdam city data: a single portal providing developers with a ReST API Flanders Underground - Cable and Pipe Information Portal (KLIP): was created in 2007 following a gas explosion in 2004 caused loss of life Madrid MobilityLabs: an open and interoperable API based platform Future Internetware (FIWARE): is an open platform which can be harnessed by developers to create and deliver smart, data- driven solutions, applications and services Estonia X-Road: is an API driven data exchange ecosystem platform that was initially developed between 1998 and 2001 Italian Digital Transformation Team: building a specific API project Three years national ICT plan ‘API-first’ EU Standard Based platform for IoT and Smart Cities Source: JRC, own elaboration
  12. 12. 12 API as product Portfolio management API-enabled digital ecosystems API cases in government From single APIs to digital ecosystems The Netherlands statistical office API French government public API registry The E015 system in Lombardia, Italy
  13. 13. 13 • Reduction of costs • Improve the quality of digital assets • Improve internal processes and digital public services • Enhance reporting flows in government processes • Improve access to (Open) data Benefits: Efficiency gains Source: Licenced from AdobeStock.com
  14. 14. 14 • Fostering innovation in the public sector • Enablement of digital ecosystems • Economic opportunities • Help SMEs reducing costs of establishing and running business • Easier access to Open Data can further stimulate new economic development Benefits: Digital transformation APPLIFARM (application developer) Data, information Functionalities Other assets French Ministry of Agriculture and Food API platform API–AGRO (platform manager and API developer) Application created by using the API End user of the application Digital assets Actors Products API.gov.fr Data.gov.fr French Direction interministérielle du numérique (DINUM) Data and API portals X-RoadZaragozaAPI-Agro
  15. 15. 15 • Implement a whole of government platform vision and re-engineering existing systems towards APIs • Cultural change, need to acquire new skills • Increase the cyber-security • Adhere to legislation (e.g. adoption of GDPR) • Improve the policy understanding and support Costs Challenges (Figure: A conceptual model for a digital information supply chain. Source: (Brenton et al., 2018) (Source: DINUM - France)
  16. 16. 16 How? Stakeholder consultation
  17. 17. 17 API standards and specifications Number of documents (tot. 78) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Test Performance Licence Design Documentation Security Protocol Resource Representation
  18. 18. 18 API best practices
  19. 19. 19 Framework for API adoption & self-assessment online tool https://ec.europa.eu/eusurvey/runner/APIFrameworkTool
  20. 20. 20 • Explicitly adopt APIs in governments • Create and improve the ‘API culture’ in governments • Utilize and validate our API framework • Become digital ecosystem aware: Engage both public EU governments actors and the private sector Policy recommendations
  21. 21. 21 What’s next? API essentials for public sector innovation - Technical essentials: lifecycle management, discoverability, security - Legal & organizational essentials 21
  22. 22. 22 APIs for the public sector & APIday 2020 & beyond Workshop II. API technical essentials API governance, Security & Specifications Workshop I. API technical essentials Public administration & private sector API co-design Q1 2021: API in government: privacy, organisational & legal aspects Keynote: - API for the digital transformation of the public sector - Reconcile EU data strategy with Green Deal objectives
  23. 23. 23 REPORTS DATASETs TOOLS & SURVEYS EVENTS API4DT Joinup collection – stay tuned! Join our community and stay tuned: Contact us directly jrc-apis4dgov@ec.europa.eu
  24. 24. 24 Thank you! © European Union 2020 Unless otherwise noted the reuse of this presentation is authorised under the CC BY 4.0 license. For any use or reproduction of elements that are not owned by the EU, permission may need to be sought directly from the respective right holders. EU Science Hub: ec.europa.eu/jrc @EU_ScienceHub EU Science Hub – Joint Research Centre EU Science, Research and Innovation Eu Science Hub

×