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Water transportation history and new trends

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Water transportation history and new trends

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION Transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline and space. Humans' first means of transport involved walking, running and swimming. The domestication of animals introduced a new way to lay the burden of transport on more powerful creatures, or humans riding animals for greater speed and duration. Inventions such as the wheel and the sled helped make animal transport more efficient through the introduction of vehicles.
  2. 2. WATER TRANSPORTATION  Transport which can move on water are called water transport.  Water transportation is the intentional movement by water over large distances. Historically water was transported by hand in dry countries, by traditional waterers such as the sakkas of Arabia and Bhishti of India.  Water transport is the cheapest and the oldest mode of transport.  It operates on a natural track and hence does not require huge capital investment in the construction and maintenance of its track except in case of canals.  The cost of operation of water transport is also very less. It has the largest carrying capacity and is most suitable for carrying bulky goods over long distances.  It has played a very significant role in bringing different parts of the world closer and is indispensable to foreign trade.
  3. 3. WATER TRANSPORT Inland Ocean Overseas Shipping Liners Tramps Tankers Cargo Passengers Rivers Lakes Canals Coastal Shipping  Boats  Steamers  For Passenger  For Cargo For Passenger  For Cargo
  4. 4. HISTORY  The history of transportation on water goes back thousands of years.  Because water is the one thing that mankind needs to survive, civilizations have always been settled near and around water.  Historically, societies have always located near water, due partly to the fact that water enables more efficient travel compared to going over land.  Waterways are critically important to the transportation of people and goods throughout the world.  The complex network of connections between coastal ports, inland ports, rail, air, and truck routes forms a foundation of material economic wealth worldwide.
  5. 5. Cont…… Waterways are important to a society. They allow the ease of transportation to ship goods and people to all parts of the world. Types of water transport include boats, ships, barges, canoes, and submarines. Within the United States, waterways have been developed and integrated into a world-class transportation system that has been instrumental in the country’s economic development.  Today, there are more than 17,700 kilometers of commercially important navigation channels in the lower 48 states.
  7. 7. Many thousands of years ago, a raft made by tying several logs together with creepers, was the first kind water transport that a person could steer.
  8. 8. A frame boat, built like a basket and covered with animal skins was another very early boat. A coating of tar kept the boat watertight..
  9. 9. 4000 BC : Boat builders in ancient Egypt used reeds to build what were probably the first sailing boats.
  10. 10. By 2500 BC the Egyptians were building wooden boats that could sail across oceans.
  11. 11. These ships had sail as well as up to 60 oarsmen who rowed the ship. The longboats were long and narrow so were able to travel on the open sea, as well as along rivers. 1000 AD Viking longboats
  12. 12. Chinese junks were sailing boats with a rudder for steering the boat, battens on the sails to give them greater, strength, and watertight compartments long before western ships had them. 1100 AD
  13. 13. Three and four sailing ships were in service for several centuries. 1450 onwards
  14. 14. Fast sailing ships called ‘clipper ships’ were built. They had long, slim hulls and tall masts. 1800’s
  15. 15. The first steamships to cross the Atlantic combined steam and wind power. 1819
  16. 16. The first ocean-going liners made of iron and driven by a propeller were being built from this time. 1845
  17. 17. Some steam driven river boats had rear paddles and were called stern wheelers, others had paddle wheels on either side. 1880s
  18. 18. Coal burning sailing ships were converted to diesel power, using oil instead of steam. 1910
  19. 19. The hydroplane is invented in the United States. 1911 The Titanic is built in England.
  20. 20. Hovercraft float above the waves on cushions of air and are capable of high speeds of up to 140 km an hour. 1955
  21. 21. The N.S. Savannah, one of the first nuclear powered cargo ships, was able to sail for three and a half years without refueling. 1959
  22. 22. Used as ferries or water taxis, hydrofoils ride on wings that lift the craft clear of the water so that it rides on skis as it gains speed. 1980s Hydrofoil
  23. 23. Container ships carry cargo in huge metal boxes which are stacked on the deck. A modern cargo ship can carry up to one thousand containers.
  24. 24. Among the largest ships ever built, these supertankers are used to transport oil.
  25. 25. Cruise liners are ships that carry hundreds of people on floating holidays. 1990s
  26. 26. Modern nuclear powered aircraft carriers, battle cruisers, destroyers, and nuclear powered submarine are all used to keep a country safe and to protect its territory.
  27. 27. Advantages & Disadvantages Advantages  Cheap.  Minimum chances of traffic accidents and traffic hazard.  Requires cheap motor powers than for airplanes.  Possesses high load carrying capacity. Disadvantages  Limited functionality capabilities.  Slow in speed.  Difficult to monitor exact location of goods.  High weather susceptible.
  29. 29.  Cruise tourism has been a growing market sector around the world, not only as a means to travel to a destination but as an experience.  The development of a destinations as a cruise port requires in-depth economic, environmental and social assessment.  Destinations also need to consider the capacity of existing tourism product, marine infrastructure, land-based transport services and tour operations to meet the needs of this market.  Successful cruise destinations must provide a unique experience for visitors, have well organized transport systems and public amenities, clustered tourism products and attractions and a variety of excursion and shopping options.
  30. 30.  There are a number of considerations in developing appropriate and effective water- based transport facilities and services in a destination including: o Understanding visitor and resident demand for water-based infrastructure and facilities and assessing this demand against existing supply. o Assessment of the ecological, economic, social and cultural impacts of water based transport. o Consideration of the planning and safety regulations and environmental restrictions for the development of water-based transport facilities. o Development of a comprehensive management and monitoring plan for the transport operation to ensure sustainability of the business and conservation of the natural environment. o Incorporation of all stakeholders interests and values to ensure support and commitment for development and ongoing management. o Development of public / private partnership to gain public support for infrastructure development and private involvement in tourism operations.
  32. 32. SUPER FERRY- founded by the aboitiz group and is based in manila. It is the countries largest shipping company in terms of the wide and various services they can offer. LOCAL
  33. 33. It is one of the oldest domestic shipping companies in the Philippines. It is also one of the largest companies in the passenger transport business in the Philippines.
  34. 34. Is a shipping company based in Cebu City, Philippines. It is the Aboitiz’s alternate shipping company.
  36. 36. It is a Norwegian and American cruise line brand based in Miami.
  37. 37. A member of Genting Hong Kong, is the sixth largest cruise line in the world behind companies such as Carnival Corporation and Royal Caribbean Cruises. Star Cruises dominates the Asia- Pacific market and is owned by Genting Hong Kong.
  38. 38. It is an American cruise line company owned and operated by Walt Disney Parks and Resort.
  40. 40. Alpha centauri Wally Yachts
  41. 41. Lazareth’s MOKE amphibie is an amphibious cult classic car. The soelcat 12 solar electric catamaran is like a floating tesla
  42. 42. Neyk’s personal submarine is built to navy –NASA specifications Zebra – an electric wooden boat for silent sea rides
  43. 43. French company will pilot electric hydrofoil water taxis in Paris. Quadrofoil – a electric personal watercraft
  44. 44. Carlo ratti proposes human- powered gym boat along the seine in Paris Undersea aquahoverer is a two seater personal submarine
  45. 45. Jet Capsule Ortega mk 1C three-seater personal submarine
  46. 46. Environmentally friendly, electric hydrofoiling quadrofoil watercraft. Solla + lazzarini envision jet taxi for transportation in major cities
  47. 47. Waterbus with hydrogen powered mira Jet Capsule water boats proposes private + taxi versions
  48. 48. Quadski amphibious vehicle Water car python
  49. 49. Sea breacher The world’s first real Diving car
  50. 50. Presented By Ashitha Ashokan p