Transportation is the movement of humans, animals and
goods from one location to another.
Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable,
pipeline and space.
Humans' first means of transport involved walking,
running and swimming.
The domestication of animals introduced a new way to
lay the burden of transport on more powerful creatures,
or humans riding animals for greater speed and duration.
Inventions such as the wheel and the sled helped make
animal transport more efficient through the introduction
Transport which can move on water are called water transport.
Water transportation is the intentional movement by water over large distances.
Historically water was transported by hand in dry countries, by traditional
waterers such as the sakkas of Arabia and Bhishti of India.
Water transport is the cheapest and the oldest mode of transport.
It operates on a natural track and hence does not require huge capital investment
in the construction and maintenance of its track except in case of canals.
The cost of operation of water transport is also very less.
It has the largest carrying capacity and is most suitable for carrying bulky goods
over long distances.
It has played a very significant role in bringing different parts of the world closer
and is indispensable to foreign trade.
Liners Tramps Tankers
Rivers Lakes Canals
The history of transportation on water goes back thousands of
Because water is the one thing that mankind needs to survive,
civilizations have always been settled near and around water.
Historically, societies have always located near water, due partly
to the fact that water enables more efficient travel compared to
going over land.
Waterways are critically important to the transportation of
people and goods throughout the world.
The complex network of connections between coastal ports,
inland ports, rail, air, and truck routes forms a foundation of
material economic wealth worldwide.
Waterways are important to a society. They allow the ease of
transportation to ship goods and people to all parts of the world.
Types of water transport include boats, ships, barges, canoes, and
Within the United States, waterways have been developed and
integrated into a world-class transportation system that has been
instrumental in the country’s economic development.
Today, there are more than 17,700 kilometers of commercially
important navigation channels in the lower 48 states.
Cruise tourism has been a growing market sector around the world, not only as a
means to travel to a destination but as an experience.
The development of a destinations as a cruise port requires in-depth economic,
environmental and social assessment.
Destinations also need to consider the capacity of existing tourism product, marine
infrastructure, land-based transport services and tour operations to meet the needs of
Successful cruise destinations must provide a unique experience for visitors, have
well organized transport systems and public amenities, clustered tourism products and
attractions and a variety of excursion and shopping options.
There are a number of considerations in developing appropriate and effective water-
based transport facilities and services in a destination including:
o Understanding visitor and resident demand for water-based infrastructure and
facilities and assessing this demand against existing supply.
o Assessment of the ecological, economic, social and cultural impacts of water based
o Consideration of the planning and safety regulations and environmental
restrictions for the development of water-based transport facilities.
o Development of a comprehensive management and monitoring plan for the
transport operation to ensure sustainability of the business and conservation of the
o Incorporation of all stakeholders interests and values to ensure support and
commitment for development and ongoing management.
o Development of public / private partnership to gain public support for infrastructure
development and private involvement in tourism operations.
It is a Norwegian and American cruise line brand
based in Miami.
A member of Genting Hong Kong, is the sixth largest cruise line
in the world behind companies such as Carnival Corporation
and Royal Caribbean Cruises. Star Cruises dominates the Asia-
Pacific market and is owned by Genting Hong Kong.
It is an American cruise line company owned and
operated by Walt Disney Parks and Resort.