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Leadership in Management - Styles, Approaches and Theories

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Leadership in Management - Styles, Approaches and Theories

  1. 1. Leadership in Management – Styles Approaches and theories 1
  2. 2. Objectives 2 • Haveknowledgeabout leadershipandits responsibilities. • Learn about the approaches &theories of leadership. • Knowabout functions and qualities ofleaders. • Understand techniques of leadership. • Understand the characteristics and leadership styles
  3. 3. Introduction 3 • Successofabusinessconcern isdependent upon the ability ofits leadership. • Leadershipexistsin anytype of organization. • Leadersare responsiblefor successofan organization. • Leadersare born &also made.
  4. 4. Definition 4 • KoontzandO’Donnel: The leadership isone the art ofinfluencing people. • Peter Drucker: The leadership isone liftingof man’svisionto higher rights. • AlfordandBeatty,Theleadershipisability to secure desired actions
  5. 5. Need or Importance of Leadership 5 • Perfect organization structure. • Directing group activities • Technological,economic &social changes • Better utilization of manpower • Avoidingimbalance
  6. 6. Need or Importance of Leadership 6 • Sourceof motivation • Reconciliation of goals • Developinggoodhuman relationship • Promoting the spirit ofco ordination • Fulfillingsocial responsibilities
  7. 7. Approaches or theories of Leadership 7 • Trait’s theory • Extraversion ,Conscientiousness, Openness • EmotionalIntelligence (Qualified) • Trait means quality • Theoriesthat consider personality, social,physical,or intellectual traits to differentiate leadersfrom non-leaders • WeaknessofTrait’s theory – Nocommon equalities list – Measurementof quality – Noscopefor future development – Noconsiderationfor situational factors
  8. 8. Approaches or theories of Leadership 8 • Behavioralapproach theory • Situational approach theory • Follower’sor acceptance theory • System theory
  9. 9. Behavioural Theories BehaviouralTheoriesof Leadership Theoriesproposingthat specificbehaviours differentiate leaders from non-leaders • Behavioural Theory Leadership behaviours can be taught. vs. • Trait Theory Leaders are born, not made. • Behavioural Theory Leadership behaviours can be taught. vs. • Trait Theory Leaders are born, not made.
  10. 10. Functions of Leader 10 • Taking initiatives • Representation • Guide • Encouragingothers • Arbitrator andMediator
  11. 11. Functions of Leader 11 • Planner • Rewards &punishment • Integration • Communication • Production
  12. 12. Qualities of Leader 12 • Physicalappearance &strength • Mental vigor • Emotional stability • Senseof judgment • Goodwill
  13. 13. Qualities of Leader 13 • Motivation • Communicationskill • Guiding ability • Sociability • Technicalknowledge
  14. 14. Types ofLeader 14 • Autocratic • Intellectual • Liberal • Democratic •
  15. 15. Types ofLeader 15 • Institutional • Inducing • Paternal • Creative
  16. 16. Techniques of Leadership 16 • Securing Co-Operation • Theuseof power • Co-ordination
  17. 17. Techniques of Leadership 17 • Discipline • Morale
  18. 18. Characteristics of Leadership 18 • There must be followers • Workingrelationship between leader & followers • Personal Quality • Reciprocal relationship
  19. 19. Characteristics of Leadership 19 • Communityof interest • Guidance • Related to particular situation • Shared function • Power relationship
  20. 20. Leadership Styles 20 • Positive style • Negative • Autocraticor authoritarian •
  21. 21. Integrating Management and Leadership Skills 21
  22. 22. Integrating Management and Leadership Skills 22
  23. 23. Autocratic style Leadership Advantages 23 • Provides strong motivationto the followers. • Quick decisionis possible. • Lesstalented followerscanperform the job. • Followersneed not take any decision.
  24. 24. Autocratic style Leadership Disadvantages 24 • Negativemotivation approach • Quick decisionisnot possible • Frustration , low morale &conflictdevelop • New ideasoffollowers will not have scope
  25. 25. Democratic style Leadership Advantages 25 • Consultation givessatisfactionto the followers. • Due recognition isgivento followers. • Followersare aware ofactivities inthe organization • Aleader canimprovehisdecisionmaking capacity.
  26. 26. Democratic style Leadership Disadvantages 26 • Decentralization ofpower isusedonlywhen Consultation ismadefor takingadecision. Nothingmore that is done. • Due recognition isgivento followers. • Followerscandominatethe leader. • Aleader caneasilyshifthisresponsibilityto followers •
  27. 27. Free‐rein style Leadership Advantages‐Disadvantages 27 • Advantages • • • • • Morale&job satisfactionoffollowers. The talent offollowersisproperly used The followers get fullopportunity to use talent. • Disadvantages • The leader doesnot care to motivate his followers The contribution ofaleader isnothing The leader doesnot support the follower
  28. 28. Summary 28 • Leadershipisdefinedasthe art ofinfluencing people. • Leadershipexistsin anytype of organization. • Leadersare responsiblefor successofan organization. • Theleader candecide whenthe work isto be done. Theplanningwork isalsocompleted bya leader • Thefunctionofthe leader isto take initiative, guide&plan

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