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Change the voice

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Change the voice

  1. 1. Presented by Adil Abbas Muhammad Junaid
  2. 2. “ There are two ways to express an action of a subject in relation to its object.”  Active Voice.  Passive Voice.
  3. 3.  In active voice sentences, the subject performs the action stated by the verb. Example: Active voice: He sings a song.
  4. 4.  Voices refers to the arrangement of the subject and object in a sentence along with the change in the tense in the clause. Example:  The student finished the exercise.
  5. 5.  In passive voice sentences the subject is acted upon by the verb Example:  Sami helps Asad. (A.V)  Asad is helped by Sami. (P.V)
  6. 6.  The active voice is mostly used in writing because it gives a direct and more concise meaning.
  7. 7.  When intentionally hiding the subject of sentence. Example: Women were not treated as equals.  When passive voice better explain thought of sentence. Example: Cloth is sold in yards.  When subject is not exactly known. Example: His watch was stolen.
  8. 8. 1. The places of subject and object are interchanged. Example: Active voice: I write a letter. Passive voice: Letter is written by me.
  9. 9. 2. The word “by” is used before subject in sentences in passive voice. Example: Active voice: He sings a song. Passive voice: A song is sung by him.
  10. 10. 3.The word “by” is not always used before subject in passive voice. Sometimes words “with, to, etc” may also be used before subject in passive voice. Examples: Active voice: He knows me. Passive voice: I am known to him.
  11. 11. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Verb (Ist form) + s/es + Object Object + Is/Are/Am + Verb (3rd form) + By+ Subject Active Voice: She drives my car. Passive Voice: My car is driven by her. Example:
  12. 12. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Is/Am/Are + Verb (Ist form) + Ing+ Object Object +Is/Are/Am + Being + Verb (3rd form)+ By + Subject Active Voice: I am writing a letter. Passive Voice: A letter is being written by me. Example:
  13. 13. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object Object + Has/Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Subject Active Voice: She has finished her work. Passive Voice: Her work has been finished by her. Example:
  14. 14. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Verb (2nd form) + Object Object +Was/Were + Verb (3rd form) + By + Subject Active Voice: She killed a snake. Passive Voice: Snake was killed by her. Example:
  15. 15. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Was/Were + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object Object +Was/Were + Being + Verb (3rd form)+ By + Subject Active Voice: He was driving a car. Passive Voice: A car was being driven by him. Example:
  16. 16. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Had + Verb (3rd form) + Object Object + Had + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Subject Active Voice: They had completed the assignment. Passive Voice: The assignment had been completed by them. Example:
  17. 17. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Will/Shall + Verb (1st form) + Object Object +Will/Shall + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Subject Active Voice: I shall make a table. Passive Voice: A table will be made by me. Example:
  18. 18. Active Voice Passive Voice Subject + Will/Shall + Have + Verb (Ist form) + Object Object +Will/Shall + Have + Been + By + Subject Active Voice: You will have started the job. Passive Voice: The job will have been started by you. Example:

Notas do Editor

  • So let start the presentation hope you will like it.
  • The active voice is the normal voice.This is the voice that we used most of the time.You are already familiar with the active Voice.
    In “active voice” subject acts upon object
    It can also be said, in “active voice” subject does a work on object, while in “passive voice” object is worked on by subject
  • Modern English is in SVO order language i.e;
    Subject+verb+object
    This arrangemet of the subject and object is the active voice order .
  • 1.Women were not treated as equals
    2.  For example, to say, cloth is sold in yards, is more meaningful than to say, Shop keepers sell cloth in yards.
    3. His watch was stolen.
  •  .
     i.e. the object shifts to the place of subject and subject shifts to the place of object in passive voice

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