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St. lawrence seaway.

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St. lawrence seaway.

  1. 1. THE SEAWAY
  2. 2. BRIEF HISTORY  CONSTRUCTION BEGAN- 1954  CONSTRUCTION COMPLETED-1959  A great example of binational collaboration between USA and Canada.
  3. 3. PRIMARY FACTS  End point – Atlantic Ocean  Locks- 15 (13 Canadian, 2 US )  Length – 3700km (2340 miles)
  4. 4.  The saint Lawrence seaway is world’s longest deep- draft inland waterway.  It is a system of locks, canals and channels that permits ocean going vessels to travel from Atlantic to the western most end of Great Lakes called lake Superior.  Country- United States of America and Canada.  Extension- Montreal (Quebec, Canada) to lake Erie (smallest volume lake of the Five Great Lakes).  It also includes the WELLAND CANAL (CANADA).  Named after the SAINT LAWRENCE RIVER (Flows from lake Ontario to Atlantic) .
  5. 5.  The channels are maintained at 8.2m (27 ft).  Six locks are located in the St. Lawrence river portion and Eight locks are located in the Welland canal portion of the seaway.
  6. 6. VESSELS TRAVELLING IN SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY.
  7. 7. VESSEL DETAILS  The size of vessels that can traverse the seaway is limited by the size of locks.  The maximum size of a vessel which can traverse the seaway is : Length:- 740 ft(225.5 m) Beam:- 78 ft(23.7m) Draft:- 26.5 ft(8.08m) These are formally called Seawaymax.
  8. 8. SHIP PASSING THROUGH A LOCK
  9. 9. SHIP PASSING THROUGH A LOCK
  10. 10. ECONOMIC AND TRADE IMORTANCE OF THE SEAWAY
  11. 11. MANAGING CORPORATIONS  The seaway is jointly managed by SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY MANAGEMENT CORPORATION of USA & SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY MANAGEMENT CORPORATION of CANADA.
  12. 12. EXPORTS  Currently used for shipping bulk cargo.  Possibility for use of large scale container ships is under consideration.  Annual commerce on the system exceeds 180 million metric tons.  There are a total of 24 major ports an a number of small ports on this system.
  13. 13. MAIN ITEMS EXPORTED  IRON ORE  COAL  LIMESTONE  GRAINS  GENERAL CARGO (IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS AND HEAVY MACHINERY)  CEMENT, SALT, STONE
  14. 14. PRIMARY VESSELS PASSING  BULK CARRIERS (called GREAT LAKE BULK CARRIERS or LAKERS):- these transport cargo between ports on the seaway system.  OCEAN GOING SHIPS (called SALTIES):- ferry cargo between ports on lakes of the system and overseas ports.(these serve more than 110 system ports).  TUG PROPELLED BARGES :- carrying container cargoes.
  15. 15. GREAT LAKE BULK CARRIER (LAKER)
  16. 16. OCEAN GOING SHIP ( SALTIE)
  17. 17. TRADE IMPACT  One 1000 ft GREAT LAKE BULK CARRIER carries enough iron ore to operate a steel mill for more than FOUR DAYS.  Coal Carried on a GREAT LAKE BULK CARRIER carries coal to power Great Detroit (AREA:-3267 sq.km.) for ONE DAY.  A SEAWAYMAX moves enough wheat to make bread for every resident of NEW YORK CITY(POPULATION:- 8175133).
  18. 18. ECONOMIC IMPACT  Cargo shipments on St. Lawrence Seaway system generate $34.6 BILLION of economic activity and 227000 jobs in CANADA and USA.
  19. 19. TOURIST ATTRACTION  Large money is generated from tourist activities like:  Fishing in Great Lakes (has become a very popular sport in USA & CANADA). Thousand Islands of St. Lawrence river attract tourists from entire world. Niagara Falls Passenger Cruising
  20. 20. Thousand Islands of St. Lawrence river

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