• What is Green Manufacturing ?
• Need of Green Manufacturing.
• Implementation (Production Process)
• Implementation (ISO 14000)
• Industry Perspective
• Consumer Perspective
3. • Technologies for Green Manufacturing.
• Framework for Adopting Green
• Green Manufacturing Agenda for India.
• Agenda for the Government of India.
• Companies using Green Manufacturing
4. What is Green Manufacturing ?
• Manufacturing of “green” products that
means producing those products which uses
less natural resources and can be reusable and
• “We borrow the Earth
from our descendants”
5. Need of Green Manufacturing
• Scarcity of natural resources.
• Green house gas emission has increased.
• Polluting the environment.
6. Need of Green Manufacturing(cont…)
• Manufacturer’s Responsibilities
–Where does a manufacturer’s responsibility
–What is an acceptable level of toxic
7. Goal of green manufacturing
• The goal of sustainability.
– Every company when it comes to green
manufacturing should be conserving natural
resources for future generations.
8. Implementation(Production Process)
• Involves the Product design and Process
• To develop greener Product design: -
I. Use of virgin material
II. Biodegradable, nontoxic and recyclable
materials should be used.
III. product must be designed for disassembly
9. Implementation(Production Process)
• To develop greener Process design: -
I. Move from the traditional end-of-pipe
control to new technologies.
II. Process optimization to minimize losses and
wastes in energy and materials throughout
the production process.
10. Implementation(Production Process)
I. Improve the end-of-life management of the
products using repairing, refurbishment and
II. Filtered virgin materials could be
reintroduced in the life cycle wherever new
materials aren't required.
12. Implementation(ISO 14000)
• ISO 14000 standards provide a guideline or
framework for organizations that need to
systematize and improve their environmental
13. Implementation(ISO 14000)
• It exists to help organizations to
I. Know how their operations negatively affect
II. Comply with applicable laws, regulations,
and other environmentally oriented
III. Continually improve in the above.
14. Industry Perspective
A. Green as an Integral Part of Business :
I. Boston Consulting Group (BCG) survey.
• The survey revealed that 92 percent of the
companies are already engaging in Green
initiatives in some way.
• The survey also revealed that different
industries have significant differences in the
way they are impacted by Green issues.
15. • Depletion of natural resources such as oil, are
the top issues for the automotive industry
• Water shortage, population growth and
environment pollution are the top concerns
for the agriculture and water related
17. • Improved company image was the most
important reason for adopting Green,
followed by cost savings, maintaining
competitive advantage and increasing
19. • Power generation is the highest emitter of
Green House Gas followed by Transportation
• It is, therefore, not surprising that these three
sectors have the most to gain from Green
21. Consumer Perspective
• Consumers are demanding Green
• BCG survey of consumers across developed
and developing nations, about two–thirds of
the participants expressed the belief that the
environment is in a poor shape.
22. • Consumers becoming increasingly aware and
adopting Green habits and buying Green
• They are willing to pay higher prices for Green
products that have better quality perception.
• While shopping for Green is becoming
common in many countries.
23. Technologies for Green Manufacturing
• Technologies for reducing GHG can be
classified into five broad categories:
I. Carbon sinks
II. Efficient fuels
III. Consumer Green
IV. Green transportation
V. Industry efficiency
24. • Carbon Sinks:
Technologies related to Carbon Capture and
Use in: Power plants that are fired by fossil
fuels such as coal, uses electrostatic
Capturing and storing CO2 in ways such that it
does not enter the atmosphere
28. • Industry efficiency
This category refers to the use of Green
production methods and technologies in
traditional industries such as iron, steel, and
29. Framework For Adopting Green
• Challenges in Adopting Green:
Providing leadership for such an effort.
Approaching Green as limited.
Narrow focus to a more holistic approach.
30. • Economic Assessment and Making Strategic
Green requires companies to understand the
full set of facts on costs and benefits.
Once this fact base is developed, companies
have to select their Green initiatives based on
both economic and strategic assessments.
31. An economic assessment requires estimating
the 'value' generated over the long term
through these initiatives.
Companies need to make a strategic choice on
how Green they want to be, and why?
32. Green Manufacturing Agenda for India
• India’s Green Challenge:
Today, India is the fourth–largest economy and
the fifth–largest GHG emitter in the world.
Between 1990 and 2008, India's CO2
emissions increased more than 150 percent,
placing it just behind China.
33. India’s rapid economic and industrial growth,
coupled with urbanization, has come at the
high cost of increasing GHG emissions.
Rapid urbanization and industrialization
generate massive amounts of waste.
34. • Setting the Agenda for Green
Indian manufacturing sector will need to
take concerted action on three areas that
I. Green Energy
II. Green product
III. Green process in business operation
35. I. Green Energy:
India was ranked seventh in the world in
terms of investment in sustainable energy.
India is the fifth largest wind energy producer
in the world.
In 11th Five Year Plan Government is also
offering tax, soft loans, subsidies and other
incentives for renewable energy projects.
36. II. Green Product:
Companies are offering their customers a
growing range of Green products, ranging
from organic food products, to electric cars
and solar heaters.
Indian companies are also implementing the
RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances)
compliance for many of their products.
37. III. Green Process in Business Operation:
Indian manufacturing is catching up with the
long term benefits of Green processes to
improve corporate brands, reduce costs and
achieve compliance at the same time.
38. • Role of Technology in Enabling Green:
Companies can think about the role of green
technologies in their business strategy in two
different ways –
Building a New Green Business and
using technology to ‘Green’ an existing one
39. Agenda of the Government of India
• To promote Green energy, both the central
and state Governments have launched many
initiatives with significant budgetary support.
(example: Solar Mission)
• Creating a dedicated Green Fund to invest in
• Setting up green science parks.
42. • Tesla Motors is a venture aimed at proving
that cars can be environmentally friendly
without sacrificing the blazing speed and
power enthusiasts love.
• They manufacture a 100% electrically
43. • Coca-Cola has narrowed down 3
environmental goals on which to focus their
• Water stewardship.
• Sustainable packaging and
• Climate & energy protection
44. • Toyota is famous for offering the Prius, the
world’s first mass-market hybrid vehicle.
• The Environmental Protection Agency has
recognized Toyota’s efforts as well crowning
the Prius as the most fuel-efficient car.
45. • Through its “no computer should go to waste”
recycling program Dell allows customers to
return any Dell-branded product back to the
company – for free.
• As we know that Computer equipment has
been one of the most difficult and costly
products to safely dispose.
46. • According to a CNN Money’s “10 Green
Giants” piece Honda has gone above and
beyond in its environmental duties.
• Honda is apparently also taking steps to create
an entire infrastructure for hydrogen, looking
forward to a day when – hopefully – more cars
will be powered by that instead of gasoline
47. • In addition to all of this, Honda has pledged to
reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 5%
48. • The company has gotten out in front of the
computer disposal issue by owning and
operating enormous “e-waste” recycling
plants that shred discarded, obsolete
computer products into raw materials that can
be recycled into the industrial food chain
Notas do Editor
India generates close to 4 million tonnes of hazardous waste from industrial and biomedical sources.
The Godrej Group’s furniture division has systematically created a range of products that provide for a Greener customer experience in terms of emitting lower Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), thereby making long hours of working on an office floor much better.
Power consumption in an engineering plant can be reduced by using more power–efficient motors and moving to Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) and natural lighting in the buildings. By adopting these measures, an engineering plant was able to reduce power consumption by nearly 35 percent in a short span of time.
For example, companies can set up Green energy businesses using technologies such as concentrated solar power or storage technologies like molten salts and ultra capacitors. Another example is building Green waste management businesses using new technologies such as aerobic composting and pyrolysis which can make products like bio–organic fertilizers, organic manure, Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) economically viable