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Atty. Jeremiah Belgica, Chairman
Rev. Greco B. Belgica
Rev. Sabino B. Canela
Rev. Amerigo Santos
Bishop JovelioGalaraga
Hon. Eugenio Ynion, Jr.
Engr. Roman G. Legaspi
Rev. RufinoTocmo,Jr.
Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus

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  1. 1. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC) #ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 1 of 19 Proposed PROVISIONS In THE CONSTITUTION For the FEDERAL REPUBLIC Of The PHILIPPINES Prepared and Submitted by: THE REFORM PHILIPPINES COALITION Committee On Constitutional Reforms Atty. Jeremiah Belgica, Chairman Rev. Greco B. Belgica Rev. Sabino B. Canela Rev. Amerigo Santos Bishop JovelioGalaraga Hon. Eugenio Ynion, Jr. Engr. Roman G. Legaspi Rev. RufinoTocmo,Jr. Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus
  2. 2. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 2 of 19 AN OPEN LETTER TO FILIPINOS January 3, 2017 Dear Brethren in Christ, The Philippines is a Christian nation, by God’s “Grace and Mercy”. As such, we have a society who exemplifies religious tolerance, upholds democratic principles, and promotes individual liberty.Thus Filipino Christians love and care for their Filipino Muslim compatriots and other Filipino minorities.Yet reality remains: Philippines isa Christian nation, and an overwhelming majority opts to live by the tenets and values of their faith while respecting the choices of others. In line withReform Philippines Movement (RPM) decades-long advocacy “Declaring the Lordship of Jesus Christ over the Nations", we press on to "salt" the fundamental law of our land with biblical principles. The events that unfolded over the last two years are encouraging, seeing God's hand opening doors of opportunity. Of course, theRPM concept of Federalism is patterned after the structure of the biblical Commonwealth. Molding them into the national psyche is our greatest challenge now. The Flat Tax of not more than the Tithe (upholding God's Law On Tribute) made a huge dent, We must have no illusion of instant victory with the present leadership on civil government. Yet the discipleship of the nation is primordial as we uphold the Crown-rights of King Yeshua over the nations and His entire creation. "Go ye and make disciples of all nations!" Herewith is the complete draft of articles and provisions we desire to be included in the Constitution. Notice: we adopted many provisions in the MalolosConstitution as it was obviously deliberated by statesmen who were PURER in motives and without much personal agenda.Most of all, it is a product of what our young 19th Century heroes aspired and FOUGHT FOR. And to my consternation, the document is closer to our understanding of BIBLICAL Covenant and Principles on Civil Government and yet they were not adopted nor considered previously! We have also arranged the Constitution Document in a “Biblical Covenant Structure” which indeed meets the universal standard and form of legal document, simpler, brief, concise and understandable by the masses, the ordinary citizens. Thanks. DR. GREPOR BUTCH BELGICA, M. Div. D. Min.
  3. 3. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 3 of 19 BACKGROUNDER In 2004, the first edition of Reform Philippines Movement (RPM) Blue Book outlined their concerns on the Fundamental Law of the Land, primarily focusing on its policy of Taxation (patterned after the biblical Law of Tribute, the Tithe – Flat Rate 10% Tax).The printing of the 2004 Edition was in response to the onerous policy of civil government (State) imposing to collect taxes from incomes earned outside of the country by its citizens. And the tax rate as exorbitant as it is. This extortionist-like policy rivals, and ultimately deprives, the families of the income-earner of their just dues. In fact most of them went abroad, leaving behind struggling family institutions, to seek opportunities which they could hardly find in their own country. The 2016 Edition is in response to the issue of writing a new constitution to address present urgent matters on peace (territorial/jurisdictional) and prosperity (civic and economic). The terminology to be used for this effort is subject of a debate itself – is it to “amend, revise, rewrite, or reform”? We suggest: REWRITE! Furthermore, we always opt for a Constitutional Convention with representatives duly elected by their direct constituents. The reason for such is made clear in a CONTRA Statement we crafted 1997 and updated now. The CONTRA Statement CONTRA (CONstitutional Trans-Reform Agenda) The acronym can also mean A counter-offensive to the agenda to convene Congress into a Constituent Assembly (Con-Ass). Con-Conor Con-Ass? We opt for a Constitutional Convention (ConCon)! REWRITE the Constitution thru Constitutional Convention to write a constitution reflective of the true sentiments and cultures of the Filipino people, and expressive of their faith in God. Rationale: The Philippine Republic since her inception in 1898 has not had an honest- to-goodness Constitution written by true, real and grassroots representatives of the people, under a free and independent atmosphere. The first, the Malolos Constitution, never saw political light. Nip in the bud, the document was written by handpicked Deputados covering mostly the illustrious families of Luzon and a few from the Visayas. The second, the 1935 Constitution was ramped into the throat of the Filipino people by their American colonizers.
  4. 4. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 4 of 19 And the third, the 1972 Marcos Constitution, was produced under duress, with the President of the Constitutional Conventional himself refusing to sign the final version formulated in the atmosphere of Martial Law. The present 1987 Constitution is a so-called Cory Revolutionary Constitution,written by a committee of 49, handpicked by a grieving widow of an assassinated politician, all of whom share a common bitterness and hatred against the conquered dictatorial regime. To say the least, the document lacks objectivity and good sense. Moreover, to add insult to injury, Con-Ass conspirators want to amend only portions of the onerous document to suit their hidden agenda. Their main argument is that convening a constituent assembly is provided for in the present constitution. Well, this is one provision that supports the argument of a “defective Constitution” Proposedpreamble In a nation whose overwhelming majority of people are Christians, the Preamble should be a Covenantal Confession of their faith in God. Indeed, ALL “State” is inescapably religious! Proposed PROVISIONS in THE CONSTITUTION 1. Limited Government (no bloated bureaucracy) and Simplified (Flat) Tax (Tax Cap) with TABOR (Taxpayers Bill of Rights) 2. Real Local Government Autonomy with Decentralized Police System 3. Non-Involvement, Non-intervention of the State In Business (including Surety and Banking) 4. Non-intervention of the State in Family and ChurchAffairs -- such as Charity, or corporal works of Mercy 5. Total Non-Tolerance of Vices (allowed only in Segregated Vice Districts) 6. Non-Involvement of the State in Gambling operations or Games of Chance A ReformaPilipinas AGENDA—One Nation Under God a. Shaping Godly Leaders for Good Governance b. Law or Chaos: The Rule of Law vs. Majority (Mob) Rule c. The State is Inescapably Religious d. God’s Providence (and The Filipino Patriot) e. Politics: Contending for the Faith, Respecting Others
  5. 5. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 5 of 19 I. Reform Agenda for Civil Government: 1. A Federal Republic for Limited Government – Unity in Diversity 2. A Parliament of Inter-Faith/Interdenominational, Multi-Tribal and Multi- Racial States in a Democratic Yet Republican (Representative) Setting 3. Criteria for Elective Civil Servants - Elected After Qualified 4. Civil Government: Civilian Authority Not Militarized, 5. Defense of National Territory: Citizens’Militia for National Defense II. Reform Agenda for the Economy: 1. No Government Interference in Businesses (including Banking and Surety) 2. Honest not Fractional Reserve Banking Policies 3. Sound Money - A Return to Basics: Currency vs. Fiat Money 4. Flat Tax with TABOR (Taxpayers Bill of Rights) 5. No Government Borrowings/Guarantees and Deficit Spending III. Reform Agenda for Criminal Justice: 1. A Just and Humane Society: Justice for the Aggrieved and Due Process for the Offenders 2. A Rationalized Campaign Against Delinquency and Drugs 3. Capital Punishment: Death for Murderers, Just Punishment for Robbers and Thieves IV. Reform Agenda for Politics 1. Public Service: Public Trust and A God-ordained Ministry 2. Rule of Law not Majority (Mob) Rule 3. An Equitable Electoral System and Suffrage Parliamentary-- Multi-party System; Presidential-- Two-party V. Reform Agenda for Education, Social Security, Welfare, Immigration, Etc. 1. Community-based Educational System: People vis-à-vis State Control 2. Social Welfare: Personal Vocation Not Profession; Volunteers Not Hirelings 3. Citizenship by Birth vis-à-vis by Race, or Both? God Bless the Philippines!
  6. 6. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 6 of 19 PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL ARTICLESFOR THE PHILIPPINES Prepared and Submitted by: The RPC Committee on Constitutional Reforms Atty. JeremiahB. Belgica,Chair Rev. Greco B. Belgica Rev. SabinoR. Canela Rev. Amerigo L. Santos Bishop JovelioA. Galaraga Hon.Eugenio S. Ynion, Jr. Engr. Roman G. Legaspi Rev. RufinoI. Tocmo,Jr. Dr.GreporButch B. Belgica,Adviser-ChairEmeritus Table of contents PREAMBLE TITLE I.(Sovereignty) The Federal Republic State Principles and Policies TITLE II. (Hierarchy/Submission) The President,The Parliament, and The Supreme Court TITLE III.(Ethics/Standards) Bill of Rights and Responsibilities with Tabor TITLE IV.(Oaths/Sanctions) General Provisions, Federal and State Governments Covenant TITLE V.(Succession/Continuity) Transitory Provisions, Ratification and Amendments Proposed PREAMBLE for the Philippines We, the People of the Philippines, recognizing the being and attributes of Almighty God and the Lord Jesus Christ as the Governor of the nations, in order to form a union of states under God, to establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and to our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Federal Republic of the Philippines.
  7. 7. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 7 of 19 TITLE I.(Sovereignty) THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC National Territory, Principles and State Policies 1. The Philippines is a free, and independent nation which exercises,by divine providence,stewardship over its national territory comprising the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all the other territories belonging to the Philippines by historic or legal title, including the territorial sea, the air space, the subsoil, the sea-bed, the insular shelves, and the submarine areas over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines. 2. The Philippines is a Federal Republic with a President, a unicameral Parliament with a Prime Minister, and a Supreme Court with a Chief Justice; it has a Parliamentary form of government and a Federal Justice System in which the people are the repository of sovereignty emanating from the Almighty God, and is exercised through the duly elected magistrates or rulers. Governmental powers and functions shall be allocated, divided and shared by one National, Federal government and the various Federated States with Manila as the District Capital of the Federal Republic. 3. The Family, the Church and the State (Federal Republic) are recognized as God-ordained institutions whose cooperation and dependence are critical for national growth and progress. The separation of the Family, the Church and the State shall be held inviolable and each shall be autonomous yet interdependent governments. No law shall be passed abridging the liberties of the Family and the Church. 4. The State (Federal Republic) has the role of securing the rights and liberties of citizens and shall be focused to the application of Justice, Righteousness, Peace and Order. 5. The State (Federal Republic) is the sole embodiment of the unity and oneness of theFederated States in the goals and objective of National Security, Territorial Integrity, Economic Progress, Social and Multi-Cultural Dynamism. 6. The State adheres to the principle of Divine Providence in the inherent rights of citizens to the natural resources of their community and immediate communal domain. Lands, Natural and Human Resources are for the citizens to cultivate and develop for the posterity and patrimony of their family, community, and the nation, in that order.
  8. 8. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 8 of 19 7. The State adheres to the principle of Divine Providence on property stewardship, family enterprise and corporate business while recognizing them as economic machineries for the development of national wealth and thus the family trust and inheritance shall always be promoted and protected. 8. The State upholds the policy of non-intervention of civil government institutions on citizens’ legitimate trade and commerce; and the policy of a simplified system of registrations, regulations, permits and/or requirements in all civil government bureaucracies and agencies. 9. The State has the power to impose the capital punishment of death on grievous, heinous crimes such as but not limited to murder and high treason. 10. The State shall uphold people empowerment in the administration of Justice thru a Jury System; and upholds the people’s right to bear arms in the protection of their lives and properties. 11. The State uphold the principle of Stewardship in the manner of handlingpublic funds, that shall be allocated only for specific purpose, and no lump sum, discretionary funds may be appropriated to any unit of government, except for limited contingency and disaster emergency funds. Funds of the Federal government may not be appropriated for any of the Federated states except in times of disaster or calamity. 12. The State upholds the policy of Non-Tolerance of Vices and Non-Involvement of the State in the operations of Gambling or any Games of Chance. The State shall allow the Federated States to regulate only, but not directly operate gaming or entertainment facilities and may be allowed only in Segregated and confined districts or areas. 13. The State upholds the right of the Federated States towrite their charter which provisions shall be in accordance with, and not be contrary to, or in conflict with, this Constitution.There shall be a capital district of the Federal Republic which is Manila. 14. The State shall have elected representatives to the Parliament from the Federated Statespro rata with the number of Constituency or population in their respective States. 15. The State shall have a Federal Police and Investigation agency to police and investigate federal and interstate crimes and other violations of Federal laws. 16. The State shall have a Federal agency for National Defence who shall oversee the protection of the national territory.
  9. 9. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 9 of 19 17. The State shall exercise supervision over all learning institutions without infringing on the right of each and every individual to acquire knowledge and skills of their own choice. TITLE II.(Hierarchy/ Submission) The President, the Parliament, and the Supreme Court Article I - The President of the Federal Republic: 1. The President of the Federal Republic shall be elected by all Filipino citizens, qualified as voters as provided for by law. 2. The President of the Federal Republic has the right to convoke the unicameral Parliament, suspend and close its sessions, and dissolve the same, within the periods prescribed by law enacted by the Parliament. 3. The President of the Federal Republic, under extreme instances of failure, gridlock or stalemate in governance, shall have the power to abolish parliament and call for national elections. 4. The President of the Republic shall convoke the Parliament, not later than the 15th day of April. 5. In extraordinary cases, he may convoke the Parliament outside of the period fixed by law, and prolong its law-making, provided the extended period does not exceed one month and provided further that such extensions do not take place more than twice during the same legislative term. 6. The President may appoint Presidential Secretaries and Commissioners to Federal Agencies created by law, provided that the agency created is within the concerns of the Federal State or government stipulated in the constitution. Article II -The Unicameral Parliament 1. Legislative power shall be exercised by a Parliament of Representatives from all the Federated States. 2. This Parliament shall be organized in the form and manner determined by law. 3. The Members of the Parliament shall represent the whole nation and not exclusively the electors of the Federated State who elected them. 4. No representative shall receive from his electors any imperative mandate whatsoever. 5. The Parliament shall meet every year.
  10. 10. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 10 of 19 6. The members of the parliament shall elect amongst themselves the Prime Minister who shall form his cabinet and appoint the ministers to handle the day to day affairs of the Federal Government. 7. The Parliament shall be open at least 180 days each year, without including in this period the time spent in its organization. 8. The Parliament shall organize committees for the organization of the Parliament and for the election of the new President of the Republic, which shall be formed at least one month before the expiration of the term of office of the Representatives. 9. In case of death or resignation of the President of the Federal Republic, the Parliament shall meet in session by its own right or by initiative of the President. 10. In the meantime that the new President has not been chosen, his functions shall be exercised by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court whose office shall be taken over by one of the Justices of the Court, in accordance with law. 11. The Parliament may constitute itself into a Tribunal of Justice to hear and determine crimes committed against the security of the State by the President of the Republic and members of the Parliament, by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and by the Solicitor General of the Nation, by means of a decree promulgating it, or by the President of the Republic upon petition of the Solicitor General. 12. The law shall determine the mode and manner of the accusation, instruction, and disposition of the proceedings. 13. Any session of the Parliamentheld outside the period of ordinary legislature shall be unlawful and void. Except in case of the Parliament has constituted itself into a Tribunal of Justice, as provided for in item number eleven (11), but in the latter case no other functions shall be exercised except that pertaining to judicial functions. 14. The sessions of the Parliamentshall be public. However, sessions may be held in secret upon petition of a certain number of its members fixed by the Rules, deciding afterwards by an absolute majority of votes of the members present if the discussion on the same subject has to continue in public. 15. The President of the Republic shall communicate with the Parliament by means of messages, which shall be read by an Executive Secretary. 16. The Presidential Secretaries shall have the right to be heard in the Parliament, upon their request, and they may be represented in the discussion of certain bills by Commissioners appointed by decrees of the President of the Republic.
  11. 11. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 11 of 19 17. No member of the Parliament shall be prosecuted nor held accountable for the opinions expressed by him, nor by the vote taken by him in the Parliament. 18. No member of the Parliamentshall be prosecuted criminally without authority of the Parliamentto which an immediate report of the facts shall be made, for its proper action. 19. The imprisonment, detention, or apprehension of a member of the Parliamentshall not be carried out without the prior authority of the same. The moment the Parliamentis notified of the order of imprisonment, it shall incur liability if, within two days following the notification, it does not authorize the imprisonment or give sufficient reason upon which the refusal is based. 20. No bill shall become law without having been voted on by the Parliament. To approve a bill, the presence in the Parliament of at least one-half plus one of the total number of the members whose elections have been duly approved and taken the oath of office shall be necessary. 21. No bill shall be approved by the Parliament until after it has been voted upon as a whole and subsequently article by article. 22. The Parliament shall have the right of censure and each of the members the right of interpellation. 23. The initiative in the presentation of bills belongs to the President of the Republic and to the members of the Parliament. 24. Any Member of Parliament who accepts from the Federal Government any pension, employment, or office with salary, is understood to have renounced his membership. 25. The office of the member of the Parliament shall be for a term of four years, and shall be compensated by a sum fixed by law, according to the circumstances. 26. Those who absent themselves during the entire period of the legislative sessions shall not be entitled to any compensation; but they may be allowed to recover the right to compensation should they attend subsequently. 27. The Parliamentshall have the following additional powers: a. To approve Rules for its internal government. b. To examine the legality of the elections and the legal qualifications of the elected members. c. To elect its Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, and Ministers.Until the Parliament has been dissolved, the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, and Ministersshall continue to exercise their office for the period of their four years legislative term; and
  12. 12. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 12 of 19 d. To accept the resignations of its members and grant privileges in accordance with the Rules. TITLE III. (Ethics/Standards) Citizenship, Rights, Privileges And Responsibilities Article I - Citizenship: 1. All persons born in the Philippine territory. A vessel of Philippine registry is considered, for this purpose, as part of Philippine territory. 2. Children of a Filipino father or mother, although born outside of the Philippines. 3. Foreigners who have obtained certification of naturalization. 4. Those who, without such certificate, have acquired a domicile in any town within Philippine territory: 4.aIt is understood that domicile is acquired by uninterrupted residence for 5 years in any locality within Philippine territory, with an open abode and known occupation, and contributing to all the taxes imposed by the Nation. 4.bThe condition of being a Filipino is lost in accordance with law. Article II - Freedom and Liberty: 1. No Filipino or foreigner shall be detained nor imprisoned except for the commission of a crime and in accordance with law. 2. All persons detained shall be discharged or delivered to the judicial authority within 24 hours following the act of detention. 3. All detentions shall be without legal effect, unless the arrested person is duly prosecuted within 72 hours after delivery to a competent court. The accused shall be duly notified of such proceeding within the same period. 4. No Filipino shall be imprisoned except by virtue of an order by a competent court. The order of imprisonment shall be ratified or confirmed within 72 hours following the said order, after the accused has been heard. 5. No one shall enter the dwelling house of any Filipino or a foreigner residing in the Philippines without his consent except in urgent cases of fire, inundation, earthquake or similar dangers, or by reason of unlawful aggression from within, or in order to assist a person therein who cries for help. Outside of these cases, the entry into the dwelling house of any Filipino or foreign resident in the
  13. 13. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 13 of 19 Philippines or the search of his papers and effects can only be decreed by a competent court and executed only in the daytime. The search of papers and effects shall be made always in the presence of the person searched or of a member of his family and, in their absence, of two witnesses who are residents of the same place. However, when a criminal caught “in flagrante” should take refuge in his dwelling house, the authorities in pursuit may enter into it, only for the purpose of making an arrest. 6. No Filipino shall be compelled to change his residence or domicile except by virtue of a final judgment. 7. In no case may correspondence confided to the post office be detained or opened by government authorities, nor any telegraphic, telephonic. electronic message detained. However, by virtue of a competent court, correspondence may be detained and opened in the presence of the sender. 8. All orders of imprisonment, of search of a dwelling house, or detention of written correspondence, telegraph or telephone, or electronic must be justified. When an order lacks this requisite, or when the grounds on which the act was founded is proven in court to be unlawful or manifestly insufficient, the person to be detained or whose imprisonment has not been ratified within the period prescribed in item 3, or whose correspondence has been detained, shall have the right to recover damages. 9. No Filipino shall be prosecuted or sentenced, except by a judge or court of proper jurisdiction and according to the procedure prescribed by law. 10. Except in the cases provided by the Constitution, all persons detained or imprisoned not in accordance with legal formalities shall be released upon his own petition or upon petition of another person. The law shall determine the manner of proceeding summarily in this instance, as well as the personal and pecuniary penalties which shall be imposed upon the person who ordered, executed or to be executed the illegal detention or imprisonment. Article III –Rights 1. No one shall be temporarily or permanently deprived of rights or disturbed in his enjoyment thereof, except by virtue of judicial sentence. The officials who, under any pretext whatsoever, should violate this provision shall be personally liable for the damages caused. 2. No one shall be deprived of his property by expropriation except on grounds of public necessity and benefit, previously declared and justified by proper
  14. 14. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 14 of 19 authorities, and indemnifying the owner thereof prior to expropriation, as prescribed by law. 11. No one shall be obliged to pay any Federal tax which had not been approved by the National Assembly or by local popular governments legally so authorized, and which is not in the manner prescribed by the law. 12. No Filipino who is in full enjoyment of his civil or political rights shall be impeded in the free exercise of said rights. 13. Neither shall any Filipino be deprived: a. Of the right to freely express his ideas or opinions, orally or in writing, through the use of the press or other similar means. b. Of the right of association for purposes of human life and which are not contrary to public morals; and lastly c. Of the right to send petitions to the authorities, individually or collectively. 14. The right of petition shall not be exercised through any kind of armed force. 15. The exercise of the rights provided for in the preceding article shall be subject to general provisions regulating the same. 16. Crimes committed on the occasion of the exercise of rights provided for in this title, shall be punished by the courts in accordance with the laws. 17. Any Filipino may establish and maintain institutions of learning, in accordance with the laws authorizing them. Public education shall be free and obligatory in all schools of the nation. 18. No Filipino who is in full enjoyment of his political and civil rights shall be impeded in his right to travel freely abroad or in his right to transfer his residence or possessions to another country, except as to his obligations to contribute to military service or the maintenance of public taxes. 19. No person shall be imprisoned for debt or non-payment of a poll tax. 20. No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of punishment for the same offense. If an act is punished by a law and an ordinance, conviction or acquittal under either shall constitute a bar to another prosecution for the same act. 21. No ex post facto law or bill of attainder shall be enacted. Article IV – Privileges 1. The ownership and management of mass media shall be limited to citizens of the Philippines or to corporations or associations wholly owned and managed by such citizens.
  15. 15. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 15 of 19 2. The governing bodyof every entity engaged in commercial telecommunications shall in all cases be controlled by the citizens of the Philippines. 3. For Non Filipinos in the Philippines: a. Foreigners may freely reside in Philippine territory, subject to legal dispositions regulating the matter; may engage in any occupation or profession for the exercise of which no special license is required by law to be issued by the national authorities. b. No foreigner who has not been naturalized may exercise in the Philippines any office which carries with it any authority or jurisdictional powers. 4. The enumeration of the rights and privileges provided for in this title does not imply the denial of other rights and privileges not mentioned. 5. The prior authorization to prosecute a public official in the ordinary courts is not necessary, whatever may be the crime committed. 6. A superior order shall not exempt a public official from liability in the cases which constitute apparent and clear violations of constitutional precepts. In others, the agents of the law shall only be exempted if they did not exercise the authority. 7. The guarantees provided for shall not be suspended, partially or wholly, in any part of the Federal Republic, except temporarily and by authority of law, when the security of the State in extraordinary circumstances so demands. a. When promulgated in any Federal State territory where the suspension applies, there shall be a special law which shall govern during the period of the suspension, according to the circumstances prevailing. b. The law of suspension as well as the special law to govern shall be approved by the Parliament, and in case the latter is in recess, the President shall have the power to decree the same jointly with the Prime Minister and Ministers, without prejudice to convoking the Parliament without the least delay and report to it what had been done. c.However, any suspension made shall not affect more rights than those mentioned in the first paragraph of this article nor authorize the Government to banish or deport from the Philippines any Filipino. 8. No one shall be judged by a special law nor by special tribunals. No person or corporation may enjoy privileges or emoluments which are not in compensation for public service rendered and authorized by law. 9. War and marine laws shall apply only for crimes and delicts which have intimate relation to military or naval discipline.
  16. 16. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 16 of 19 Article V - Bill of Responsibilities: 1. Every person has the fundamental responsibility to become a productive member of society. Every person’s life is divinely given with abilities to be discovered and harnessed with the purpose of service to the family, community, church and society. 2. It is the responsibility of every citizen to harness their capabilities to the best of their opportunities. 3. Every person must, in the exercise of his rights and in the performance of his duties, act with justice, give everyone his due, and observe honesty and good faith. 4. All Filipinos are obliged to defend their country with arms when called upon by law, and to contribute to the expenses of the State in proportion to their means. 5. All Filipino Citizens shall take an oath to support and defend the Constitution. 6. No Filipino shall establish laws on primogeniture, nor institutions restrictive of property rights, nor accept honors, decorations, or honorific titles or nobility from foreign nations without the consent of the Government. 7. The Government neither shall establish in the Federal State institutions mentioned in the preceding paragraph, nor confer honors, decorations, or honorific titles of nobility to any Filipino. Article VI - The Tax Payers Bill Of Rights (TABoR): 1. No taxation without representation. The Federal and State governments cannot raise tax rates nor impose additional taxes without voter approval and cannot spend revenues collected under existing tax rates without voter approval if revenues grow faster than the rate of inflation and population growth. 2. Revenue in excess of the TABOR limit, commonly referred to as the "TABOR surplus", must be refunded to taxpayers, unless voters approve a revenue change as an offset in a referendum.
  17. 17. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 17 of 19 TITLE IV(Oath and Sanctions) General Provisions, Federal andState Governments Covenant Article I - General Provisions 1. The flag of the Philippines shall be red, white, and blue, with a sun and three stars, as consecrated and honored by the people and recognized by law. 2. This Constitution shall be officially promulgated in English and in Pilipino, and translated into each dialect spoken by over fifty thousand people, and into Spanish and Arabic. In case of conflict, the English text shall prevail. 3. Until otherwise provided by law, English and Pilipino shall be the official languages. 4. No elective or appointive public officer or employee shall receive additional or double compensation; nor accept any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind from any foreign state, unless specifically authorized by law,. 5. All institutions of learning shall enjoy academic and religious freedom. 6. All educational institutions shall aim to inculcate love of country, teach the duties of citizenship, honoring parents, respect of elders and authorities, and develop moral character, personal discipline. 7. The State shall establish a system of providing free education from the elementary to the secondary level in all learning institutions, enjoining citizens’ community participation. 8. Educational institutions, other than those established by religious orders, mission boards, and charitable organizations, shall be operated solely by citizens of the Philippines. The control and administration of educational institutions shall be vested in citizens of the Philippines. 9. No educational institution shall be established exclusively for aliens, and no group of aliens shall comprise more than one-third of the enrolment in any school. This shall not apply to schools established for foreign diplomatic personnel and their dependents and, unless otherwise provided by law, for other foreign temporary residents. 10. The State shall establish a system for national defense that enjoins all citizens to be part of. All able-bodied citizens of the Philippines are obligated to defend the country and for this purpose, shall undergo military training as may be provided by law. It shall keep a modest regular force, slim and trim, necessary for the training of all citizens and for the security of the State. 11. The State shall always uphold and impose a sound and honest monetary system withthe monetary unit defined in terms of precious metals, particularly gold and silver, by weight.
  18. 18. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 18 of 19 12. The State, torender justice in our monetary affairs, shall supervise banks to carry out their proper and moral operations, but shall not interfere, manipulate or be involved in all money issuance, coinage, and handling activities. 13. The State shall prohibit creation of any money substitute by any party--bank, government, or otherwise--unless that substitute (certificate, note, or bank credit) is 100% backed by gold on deposit with the issuer. Exception: small- coinage coins made of lesser metals would be approved, provided the value their metal content was substantially in proportion to gold's defined value for that coin in each case. 14. The State shall not allow any party- bank, government, or otherwise - to debauch (debase, degrade, or to corrupt) currencyby any means, ways or system that contributes to the debasement of money by the inflation of the money supply, including but not limited to fractional reserve banking. 15. Until the Federal Parliament shall otherwise provide, the BankoSentralngPilipinas, operating under existing laws, shall function as the central monetary authority. 16. The State may not be sued without its consent. Article II - Federaland State Governments Covenant 1. Every Federated State shall have a chief executive who shall be elected in accordance with the respective state constitution. 2. There shall be, in the Justice System ofthe State and all the Federated States, a jury-system available for the accused for the hearing and trial of criminal cases. 3. All Federated States have the power to impose and levy taxes. Tax legislations and budget propositions shall be consultative and emanating from the taxpayers to the taxing authorities. 4. The Federal government may impose upon every Federated States a tax rate of not more than ten percent (10%) of the total revenue of the states. 5. Taxes are generally local and to the Federated state level. The Federal government shall not levy taxes directly to the people except for the raising of the revenues for national defence, disaster and emergency which shall not be more than 3% of their income during time of national emergencies and war. 6. There can only be one simplified system and form of taxation, never multiple levels or categories. Income tax rates shall not be more than 10%. 7. The Federal government may levy taxes to individual or corporation in the Philippine Territory only thru the Federated States for a pro-rated annual, one time Federal tax of 1% of their income.
  19. 19. REPORMA PILIPINAS! Reform Philippines Coalition (RPC)#ReformPh by the Committee on Constitutional Reforms, Dr.Grepor Butch Belgica, Adviser-Chair Emeritus Page 19 of 19 TITLE V.(Succession/Continuity), Transitory Provisions, Ratification and Amendments Article I - Transitory Provisions (As may be deliberated and adapted) Article II–Ratification(As may be deliberated and adapted) Article III – Amendments 1. Any amendment to or revision of this Constitution may be proposed by the Federal Parliament upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members, or by a constitutional convention. 2. The Federal Parliament may, by a vote of two-thirds of all its Members, call a constitutional convention or, by a majority vote of all its Members, submit the question of calling such a convention to the electorate in an election. 3. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution shall be valid when ratified by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite which shall be held not later than three months after the approval of such amendment or revision. 4. This constitution where:the basic protections of life, liberty, property; the money protecting provisions; and where other moral law rights are involvedshall have a non-amendable portions