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Substance abuse a menace for society

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Substance abuse a menace for society

  1. 1. Drug Abuse
  2. 2. About substance abuse a menace for society Effects of substance abuse Types of substance abuse Preventions of substance abuse
  3. 3. Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance- related disorder. Widely differing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts.
  4. 4. In some cases criminal or anti-social behaviour occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term personality changes in individuals may occur as well. In addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, use of some drugs may also lead to criminal penalties, although these vary widely depending on the local jurisdiction.
  5. 5. Why do people become addicted to drugs GENES ENVIRONMENT DEVELOPMENTSTRESS PEER PRESSURE
  6. 6. Some common effects of drug abuse include: •Criminal activity •Domestic violence, child abuse and neglect •Physical and psychological illness •Lost opportunities •Reduced productivity •Risky sexual behaviour and promiscuity
  7. 7. •Drug-related medical emergencies •Drug-related death •Infectious diseases •Homelessness •Loss of employment •Inability to obtain employment •Lack of control, impulsivity •Disruptive and antisocial behaviour
  8. 8. Cocaine and Methamphetamine Schizophrenia, paranoia, anhedonia, compulsive behavior Stimulants Anxiety, panic attacks, mania and sleep disorders LSD, Ecstasy & psychedelics Delusions and hallucinations Alcohol, sedatives, sleepaids & narcotics Depression and mood disturbances PCP & Ketamine Antisocial behavior Drugs Disorder
  9. 9. • Principles of Behavior Dynamics A C B Prefrontal Cortex How does a behavior become an addiction? BB B BAddiction behavior expressed dopamine Orbito- frontal cortex
  10. 10. • Principles of Behavior Dynamics Behavior Tracts Compete for Expression  Expression is Determined by (i) Dominance of Tracts, (ii) Strength of Prefrontal Cortex to Select, (iii) Relevance or saliency (orbitofrontal cortex) A B C Prefrontal Cortex Cbehavior expressed Bbehavior expressed Activation of Dopamine reward pathway initiates a behavior track dopamine initiated Orbito- frontal cortex
  11. 11. The child will not born normally.
  12. 12. You will sleep when you work.
  13. 13. Your skin’s beauty will decrease day by day.
  14. 14. Alcohol: Although legal, alcohol is a toxic substance, especially for a developing fetus when a mother consumes this drug during pregnancy. One of the most common addictions, alcoholism can have devastating effects on the alcoholic individual's physical well-being, as well as his or her ability to function interpersonally and at work.
  15. 15. Anabolic steroids: A group of substances that is most often abused by bodybuilders and other athletes, this group of drugs can lead to devastating emotional symptoms like aggression and paranoia, as well as severe long-term physical effects like infertility and organ failure.
  16. 16. Caffeine: While it is consumed by many coffee, tea, and soda drinkers, when consumed in excess, this substance can be habit-forming and produce palpitations, insomnia, tremors, irritability, and significant anxiety.
  17. 17. Nicotine: The addictive substance found in cigarettes, nicotine is actually one of the most addictive substances that exists. In fact, nicotine addiction is often compared to the intense addictiveness associated with opiates like heroin.
  18. 18. Don’t Be Afraid to Say No: Sometimes, our fear of negative reaction from our friends, or others we don’t even know, keeps us from doing what we know is right. Real simple, it may seem like “everyone is doing it,” but they are not. Don’t let someone else make your decisions for you. If someone is pressuring you to do something that's not right for you, you have the right to say no, the right not to give a reason why, and the right to just walk away.
  19. 19. Connect With Your Friends and Avoid Negative Peer Pressure: Pay attention to who you are hanging out with. If you are hanging out with a group in which the majority of kids are drinking alcohol or using drugs to get high, you may want to think about making some new friends. You may be headed toward an alcohol and drug problem if you continue to hang around others who routinely drink alcohol, smoke marijuana, abuse prescription drugs or use illegal drugs. You don't have to go along to get along.
  20. 20. Enjoy Life and Do What You Love - Don’t Add Alcohol and Drugs: Learn how to enjoy life and the people in your life, without adding alcohol or drugs. Alcohol and drugs can change who you are, limit your potential and complicate your life. Too often, “I’m bored” is just an excuse. Get out and get active in school and community activities such as music, sports, arts or a part-time job. Giving back as a volunteer is a great way to gain perspective on life.
  21. 21. Mayank Goyal Contact me on facebook Click Here

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