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Presentation on population census statistics by population census organization
Mr. Habib Ullah Khan
POPULATION CENSUS ORGANIZATION
POPULATION & HOUSING CENSUSPOPULATION & HOUSING CENSUS
DECISION TO HOLD CENSUS
The issue of 6th
Population and Housing Census was
considered by the Council of Common Interests in a meeting
held on 8th
Nov. 2010 under the chairmanship of the Prime
Minister and it was decided to hold the next Census as per
- House Listing Operation March / April , 2011
- Population and Housing Census August / Sept, 2011
IMPORTANCE OF CENSUSIMPORTANCE OF CENSUS
Population and Housing Census is a stock taking ofPopulation and Housing Census is a stock taking of
human resources of a country and their living conditionshuman resources of a country and their living conditions
at one point of time.at one point of time.
It provides basic data on demographic, social andIt provides basic data on demographic, social and
economic variables about each person and each housingeconomic variables about each person and each housing
Data collected through census serves as bench mark forData collected through census serves as bench mark for
all type of socio-economic development plans,all type of socio-economic development plans,
administrative activities and demographic research.administrative activities and demographic research.
LEGAL AND POLITICAL IMPACT
Census also meets Legal requirements for:
Providing basis for political representation in the National
and Provincial Assemblies (Article 51 (3) of Constitution).
Distribution of funds to the federating units by National
Finance Commission (Article 160(2) of Constitution).
Determining quota for recruitment to all civil posts in the
Delineation of constituencies for National and Provincial
HISTORY OF CENSUS TAKINGHISTORY OF CENSUS TAKING
First regular census in the areas now comprisingFirst regular census in the areas now comprising
Pakistan was held in 1881. Since then regular censusesPakistan was held in 1881. Since then regular censuses
have been conducted after every ten years up to 1981.have been conducted after every ten years up to 1981.
After independence five censuses have been undertakenAfter independence five censuses have been undertaken
first in 1951, 1961, 1972, 1981 and the last in 1998.first in 1951, 1961, 1972, 1981 and the last in 1998.
Population & Housing Census is scheduled to be heldPopulation & Housing Census is scheduled to be held
in September, 2011.in September, 2011.
TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN CENSUSTOPICS TO BE COVERED IN CENSUS
A) DEMOGRAPHIC & SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICSA) DEMOGRAPHIC & SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS
Age - Sex - Relationship to the head - MaritalAge - Sex - Relationship to the head - Marital
status - Religion - Mother tongue (language)status - Religion - Mother tongue (language)
- Nationality- Nationality
B) EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS (for 5 yearsB) EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS (for 5 years
Literacy status - School attendance - Level ofLiteracy status - School attendance - Level of
education completed - Field of educationeducation completed - Field of education
C) GEOGRAPHICAL / MIGRATIONC) GEOGRAPHICAL / MIGRATION
Usual residence - District of birth - Duration ofUsual residence - District of birth - Duration of
continuous residence in district - District of previouscontinuous residence in district - District of previous
D)D) ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS (for 10 yearsECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS (for 10 years
Usual Activity - Part time Activity – OccupationUsual Activity - Part time Activity – Occupation
- Industry, Employment status - Reason of- Industry, Employment status - Reason of
E) FERTILITY / MORTALITY (females 15-49E) FERTILITY / MORTALITY (females 15-49
No. of children ever born by sexNo. of children ever born by sex
No. of children still living by sexNo. of children still living by sex
No. of children born during last 12 months by sexNo. of children born during last 12 months by sex
No. of children still living by sexNo. of children still living by sex
F) MISCELLANEOUSF) MISCELLANEOUS
Nature and Type of Disability if anyNature and Type of Disability if any
Holding of CNI Card by persons of 18 years plusHolding of CNI Card by persons of 18 years plus
Member of a household living abroad for more thanMember of a household living abroad for more than
G) HOUSING CHARACTERISTICSG) HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS
-- Information about living quarters; number of rooms,Information about living quarters; number of rooms,
sex of the owner, tenure status, period sincesex of the owner, tenure status, period since
constructed and construction material used in outerconstructed and construction material used in outer
walls & roofs.walls & roofs.
- Data on source of drinking water, source of lighting- Data on source of drinking water, source of lighting
and cooking fuel used.and cooking fuel used.
- Availability of proper kitchen, bathroom, latrine and- Availability of proper kitchen, bathroom, latrine and
type of latrine.type of latrine.
- Media of information such as T.V., Radio,- Media of information such as T.V., Radio,
Newspaper,Newspaper, Telephone and Mobile.Telephone and Mobile.
Forms Used in House Listing
And Census Operation
Scope of House Listing OperationScope of House Listing Operation
House Listing as first phase is generally
conducted to 2 to 3 months prior to main
It provides inventory of structures / houses
and household in the country.
Data is used for planning of 2nd
phase i.e. main
Steps involved are:
- to number each structure in the census block.
- to ascertain nature & use of each structure.
- to indentify households and obtain name and
CNIC of head or member of household.
-to obtained number of persons residing in the
-any kind of economic activity being carried out in the
MADE FOR THE
DELIMITATION OF CENSUS AREASDELIMITATION OF CENSUS AREAS
For complete coverage and effective field supervision, theFor complete coverage and effective field supervision, the
country has been delimited on a four-tier system, into;country has been delimited on a four-tier system, into;
Census Districts (Tehsils/ Towns and Cantts.)Census Districts (Tehsils/ Towns and Cantts.)
Census Charges (Qanun go/ part of Town/Cantt.)Census Charges (Qanun go/ part of Town/Cantt.)
Census Circle (Patwar Circle/part of Town /Cantt.)Census Circle (Patwar Circle/part of Town /Cantt.)
Census Blocks (Village, part of Village/Town)Census Blocks (Village, part of Village/Town)
Census block roughly comprises of 200-250 housesCensus block roughly comprises of 200-250 houses
One block is assigned to one enumerator.One block is assigned to one enumerator.
PREPRATION OF MAPS
Maps help in proper delimitation, control of census
operations and presentation of census results.
Maps of each Admin as well as Census Area have been
Maps of 50666 villages and 7594 urban areas (census
circles) have been prepared and updated. Maps are being
verified through satellite images (Google Earth).
Block maps showing physical landmarks have been
prepared which are provided to the enumerators and
CENSUS CHARGE 5 TO 7 CIRCLES
CENSUS CIRCLE 5 TO 7 BLOCK
CENSUS BLOCK 200 TO 250 HOUSES
Census Charge One Qanungo Halqa/ Total number
of Patwar Circles in Qanungo Halqa
Census Circle Total number of mauzas in Patwar
Circle / Tapedar Circle.
Census Block Each mauza/deh/village ranging
from 200 to 250 houses comprises
Large mauzas are divided into two
or more blocks of 200 to 250
Census operation requires a field force of 182,000 asCensus operation requires a field force of 182,000 as
enumerators and supervisors.enumerators and supervisors.
The services of school Teachers and employees of otherThe services of school Teachers and employees of other
Government Departments are hired as Enumerators /Government Departments are hired as Enumerators /
Participation of females is encouraged. Efforts are beenParticipation of females is encouraged. Efforts are been
made to deploy maximum females in the census operation asmade to deploy maximum females in the census operation as
enumerators and supervisors.enumerators and supervisors.
Enumerators and supervisors are paid one month salary asEnumerators and supervisors are paid one month salary as
APPOINTMENT OF FIELDAPPOINTMENT OF FIELD
Field Staff (for House Listing)
Field Staff for House Listing Including 6% Reserve
Lahore 1127 8853 18040 24074
Multan 569 4474 11872 14940
Karachi 710 4100 10010 13440
Sukkur 240 1235 4220 5031
KPK Peshawar 383 2464 7325 9955
FATA 57 305 1455 1698
Quetta 144 424 5270 5828
Khuzdar 134 339 4435 4896
Gilgit 39 151 648 834
ICT Islamabad 16 116 325 576
AJK AJK 98 473 2100 2683
Total - 3523 22932 65700 91155
o Updated maps of census areas are provided to each
enumerator and supervisors.
o CNIC of head or any member of household is recorded
o One supervisor has to supervise 5-7 enumerators. They
fill-in certain forms independently for quality checks.
o Vigilance teams comprising DDO (R), a police officer
and a technical officer are formed at Census District
level to monitor census operation.
o Established control rooms at Census District level toEstablished control rooms at Census District level to
redress public complaints about enumeration.redress public complaints about enumeration.
o Collection of filled-in questionnaires under sealedCollection of filled-in questionnaires under sealed
o Census Evaluation Survey will be undertaken by anCensus Evaluation Survey will be undertaken by an
independent agency (FBS).independent agency (FBS).
o Administrative Boundaries have been freezed by theAdministrative Boundaries have been freezed by the
Provincial Governments.Provincial Governments.
o Ban on the transfer and postings have beenBan on the transfer and postings have been
imposed on the staff engaged in census operation.imposed on the staff engaged in census operation.
o Provincial Census Commissioners (PCC) have beenProvincial Census Commissioners (PCC) have been
appointed for effective coordination between Provincialappointed for effective coordination between Provincial
Governments & Population Census Organization.Governments & Population Census Organization.
o Government Universities have been requested to spareGovernment Universities have been requested to spare
students to be deputed as Enumerators / Supervisorsstudents to be deputed as Enumerators / Supervisors
o Meetings were also held with Provincial Chief Secretaries andMeetings were also held with Provincial Chief Secretaries and
Secretaries of Education, Home Department, S&GAD, LocalSecretaries of Education, Home Department, S&GAD, Local
Government and Rural DevelopmentGovernment and Rural Development Department and Seniorand Senior
Member Board of Revenue to seek their cooperation.Member Board of Revenue to seek their cooperation.
Law and order situation in certain parts of the country.
Access of enumeration and supervisory staff in troubled
Security of census documents in sensitive areas.
Distortion of population figures due to linguistic and ethnic
feelings in certain areas.
Political linkage of census data in terms of representations in
assemblies and distribution of financial resources among
provinces have made census a sensitive issue.
House Listing Operation-2011
o House Listing Operation has been conducted
April,2011 to 5th
o Summary Forms REN-1 have been received
which are being processed.
o Results will be used for effective Planning of
o Other material i.e. Booklets of Form-I are being
received at PCOs / RCOs level.
KEY OBSERVATIONS ON HOUSE
Most of the field staff was taken from Education
Department with few exception Revenue and Local
Training was imparted by DEOs/AEOs and senior
Deficiency in quality of training was observed in some
The concepts of Structure / Building and household
were not clear to the Trainers / Supervisors and the
At some venues field staff found deviating from
guidelines provided in the Manual of Instructions.
For the next phase services of senior staff of FBS
will be utilized for imparting training.
Admn. Tiers had problems / confusion about their
functions who needed briefing on the concept and
methodology of House Listing Operation will be
Other activities were going on in the field hence, the
enumerators were not spared timely for census
Census Enumeration Blocks particularly in suburbs
of big urban areas were found of abnormal sizes.
These blocks will be splited / bifurcated into
manageable size to avoid problems in second
In some Census Blocks Settlements / Goths were
missing in the maps which created confusion.
The initial period for Field Operation was 5th to 19th
April, 2011 which had to be extended up to 5th
May, 2011 on the request of some quarters.
Instructions regarding Hiring of Vehicles did not
Coordination within the Census Staff and Admn.
tiers was weak.
Monitoring/ Checking of Field
Effective monitoring of field activities was ensured by
deputing officers / officials of FBS, PCO and ACO.
The complaints received from field were addressed
Establishment of Control Room
There were 392 Control Rooms operative in 424
The complaints received in Control Rooms were either
redressed on the spot or referred to the concerned
quarters for necessary action.
Publicity campaign could not be started as per Activity
Calendar of the House Listing Operation.
However, Publicity Campaign was launched during the
operation to create the awareness among the masses
through Print & Electronic. 36
Recommendation is that census staff may be taken
from Education Department only.
Appointment of Census Field Staff should be
ensured well before the start of operation.
Impartial people should be taken in the 2nd phase.
Training may be imparted by Senior Officers of
PCO, FBS and ACO.
Photograph of an Enumerator / Supervisor may be
affixed on the Identity Card. ID Card also should have
a serial number.
Admn. Tiers should be briefed / sensitized about their
functions / responsibilities.
Enumerators should be spared timely for census
Effective Monitoring may be started in the beginning of
Briefing / Sensitization workshops should be
conducted for Coordination Committees / Vigilance
Teams to make them more active and effective.